Philippines

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  • Republic of the Philippines
    Republika ng Pilipinas

    Political Status: Independent republic since July 4, 1946; currently under constitution adopted by referendum of February 2, 1987, effective from February 11.

    Area: 115,830 sq. mi. (300,000 sq. km).

    Population: 104,918,000 (2018 World Bank); 105,893,381 (2018—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): METRO MANILA (13,131,000), Davao City (1,662,000), Cebu City (923,000).

    Official Languages: Filipino and English.

    Monetary Unit: Philippine Peso (market rate October 19, 2018: 53.95 pesos = $1US).

    President: Rodrigo DUTERTE (Philippine Democratic Party–Laban); popularly elected on May 9, 2016, and inaugurated on June 30 for a fixed six-year term; succeeding Benigno S. AQUINO III (Liberal Party).

    Vice President: Leni ROBREDO (Liberal Party); elected for a six-year term on May 9, 2016, and sworn in on June 30, succeeding Jejomar C. BINAY (Philippine Democratic Party–Laban).

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