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Republic of the PhilippinesRepublika ng Pilipinas
Political Status: Independent republic since July 4, 1946; currently under constitution adopted by referendum of February 2, 1987, effective from February 11.
Area: 115,830 sq. mi. (300,000 sq. km).
Population: 104,918,000 (2018 World Bank); 105,893,381 (2018—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): METRO MANILA (13,131,000), Davao City (1,662,000), Cebu City (923,000).
Official Languages: Filipino and English.
Monetary Unit: Philippine Peso (market rate October 19, 2018: 53.95 pesos = $1US).
President: Rodrigo DUTERTE (Philippine Democratic Party–Laban); popularly elected on May 9, 2016, and inaugurated on June 30 for a fixed six-year term; succeeding Benigno S. AQUINO III (Liberal Party).
Vice President: Leni ROBREDO (Liberal Party); elected for a six-year term on May 9, 2016, and sworn in on June 30, succeeding Jejomar C. BINAY (Philippine Democratic Party–Laban).The Country
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