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Independent State of Papua New GuineaGau Hedinarai ai Papua-Matamata Guinea (Hari-Motu)
Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini (Tok Pisin)
Note: The literal translation of Gau Hedinarai is “entity of the people”; hence the official title in Hari-Motu could be “Republic of Papua New Guinea.”
Political Status: Former Australian-administered territory; achieved internal self-government on December 1, 1973, and full independence within the Commonwealth on September 16, 1975, under constitution of August 15.
Area: 178,259 sq. mi. (461,691 sq. km).
Population: 8,251,000 (2018E—World Bank); 7,027,332 (2018—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2015E): PORT MORESBY (metropolitan area, 345,000), Lae (78,038), Mt Hagen (27,789).
Official Languages: English, Tok Pisin, Hari-Motu.
Monetary Unit: Kina (market rate October 19, 2018: 3.30 kina = $1US).
Sovereign: Queen ELIZABETH II.
[Page 1238]Governor General: Sir Robert (Bob) DADAE; elected by the National Parliament on ...