- Countries A-Z
Kingdom of the NetherlandsKoninkrijk der Nederlanden
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy established 1814; under multiparty parliamentary system.
Area: 13,103 sq. mi. (33,936 sq. km).
Population: 17,129,000 (2018E—World Bank); 17,151,228 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review): AMSTERDAM (742,000), Rotterdam (598,000), The Hague (seat of government, 474,000), Utrecht (291,000), Eindhoven (210,000).
Official Language: Dutch.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US).
Sovereign: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER; ascended the throne April 30, 2013, upon the abdication of his mother, Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard.
Heir Apparent: CATHARINA-AMALIA, Princess of Orange.
Prime Minister: Mark RUTTE (People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy); sworn in as head of a two-party minority coalition on October 14, 2010, following the general election of June 9, succeeding Jan Peter BALKENENDE (Christian Democratic Appeal); sworn in as head of a two-party ...