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Republic of Mauritius
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy under multiparty parliamentary system established upon independence within the Commonwealth on March 12, 1968; became a republic on March 12, 1992.
Area: 790 sq. mi. (2,045 sq. km).
Population: 1,269,000 (2018E—UN); 1,364,283 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): PORT LOUIS (155,226, Beau Bassin/Rose Hill (111,355), Vacoas-Phoenix (110,000).
Official Language: English (French is also used, while Creole is the lingua franca and Hindi the most widely spoken).
Monetary Unit: Mauritian rupee (official rate October 19, 2018: 33.63 rupees = $1US).
President: Paramasivum Pillay (Barlen) VYAPOORY (Mauritian Socialist Movement); elevated from the vice presidency to acting president on March 23, 2018, to succeed Ameenah GURIB-FAKIM (ind.), who resigned that day.
Vice President: Paramasivum Pillay (Barlen) VYAPOORY (Mauritian Socialist Movement); elected by the National Assembly on March 29, 2016, ...