- Countries A-Z
Republic of MaltaRepubblika ta’ Malta
Political Status: Became independent within the Commonwealth on September 21, 1964; republic declared by constitutional amendment on December 13, 1974.
Area: 122 sq. mi. (316 sq. km).
Population: 439,000 (2018E—World Bank); 417,381 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—Government): VALLETTA (6,444, Birkirkara (22,247), Mosta (20,241, Qormi (16,799), Sliema (16,854).
Official Languages: Maltese, English; Italian is also widely spoken.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US). The euro became Malta’s official currency on January 1, 2008, at a fixed rate of 1 euro = 0.4293 Maltese lira.
President: Marie-Louise COLEIRO PRECA (Malta Labour Party); elected on April 1, 2014, to a five-year term by the House of Representatives and sworn in on April 4, succeeding George ABELA (Malta Labour Party). (Presidents resign from their ...