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Grand Duchy of LuxembourgGrousherzogdem Lëzebuerg (Letzeburgish)Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (French)Grossherzogtum Luxemburg (German)
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy, fully independent since 1867; in economic union with Belgium since 1922.
Area: 998 sq. mi. (2,586 sq. km).
Population: 590,000 (2018E—World Bank); 605,764 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2017E—Government): LUXEMBOURG-VILLE (Lützelburg, 116,328), Esch-sur-Alzette (34,378).
Official Language: Letzeburgish. As a rule, French is used for administrative purposes, and German for commerce.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US).
Sovereign: Grand Duke HENRI; ascended to the throne October 7, 2000, on the abdication of his father, Grand Duke JEAN.
Heir Apparent: Prince GUILLAUME, son of the grand duke; proclaimed by the grand duke on December 18, 2000.
President of the Government (Prime Minister): Xavier BETTEL (Democratic Party); appointed by the grand duke on October 25, 2013, ...