Libya

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  • Republic of Libya
    al-Jumhuriyyah al-Libiyah

    Political Status: Independent state since December 24, 1951; revolutionary republic declared September 1, 1969; name changed from Libyan Arab Republic to Libyan Arab People’s Republic in 1976; present name adopted March 2, 1977; interim draft constitution promulgated on August 3, 2011.

    Area: 679,358 sq. mi. (1,759,540 sq. km).

    Population: 6,471,000 (2018E—World Bank); 6,754,507 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review): Tripoli (Tarabulus, 1,158,989), Benghazi (Banghazi, 650,629), Misurata (Misratah, 386,127). (The government relocated to Bayda [Beida] in June 2014 and the House of Representatives relocated to Tobruk, about 700 miles east of Tripoli near the border with Egypt in August 2014.)

    Official Language: Arabic.

    Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate October 19, 2018: 1.37 dinar = $1US).

    Prime Minister: Fayez EL-SARRAJ (party affiliation disputed); appointed prime minister of the ...

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