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Kyrgyz RepublicKyrgyz Respublikasy (Kyrgyz)Respublika Kirgizstan (Russian)
Political Status: Designated autonomous republic of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on February 1, 1926; became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on December 5, 1936; Republic of Kyrgyzstan proclaimed December 13, 1990; independence from the USSR declared by the Kyrgyz Supreme Soviet August 31, 1991; current constitution approved by referendum on June 27, 2010.
Area: 76,640 sq. mi. (198,500 sq. km).
Population: 6,261,000 (2018E—World Bank); 5,849,296 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2015E—UN): BISHKEK (formerly Frunze, 933,753), Osh (245,700).
Official Languages: Kyrgyz, Russian. Kyrgyz is the “state language.”
Monetary Unit: Som (market rate October 19, 2018: 69.30 soms = $1US).
President: Sooronbay JEENBEKOV (Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan); inaugurated on November 24, 2017, for a six-year term, to succeed Almazbek ATAMBAYEV ...