- Countries A-Z
Republic of IndonesiaRepublik Indonesia
Political Status: Independent republic established August 17, 1945; original constitution reinstated by presidential decree in 1959; under modified military regime from March 12, 1966, until democratic multiparty system reestablished following change of government on May 21, 1998.
Area: 735,354 sq. mi. (1,904,569 sq. km).
Population: 266,795,000 (2018E—World Bank); 262,787,403 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016—UN): JAKARTA (10,483,000), Surabaya (2,878,000), Bandung (2,578,000), Medan (2,230,000), Tangerang (2,000,000), Semarang (1,648,000), Batam (1,498,000), Palembang (1,460,000), Makassar (Ujung Pandang, 1,522,000), Denpasar (1,177,000), Pekan Baru (1,168,000), Bogor (1,102,000).
Official Language: Bahasa Indonesia (a form of Malay).
Monetary Unit: Rupiah (market rate October 19, 2018: 15,191.30 rupiahs = $1US).
President: Joko WIDODO (Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle); elected on July 9, 2014, and inaugurated on October 20 for a five-year term, succeeding Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO ...