- Countries A-Z
Republic of Guinea-BissauRepública da Guiné-Bissau
Political Status: Achieved independence from Portugal on September 10, 1974; under rule of Revolutionary Council following coup of November 14, 1980; new constitution of May 16, 1984, amended on May 4, 1991; military control imposed following coup of May 8, 1999; present constitution promulgated July 7, 1999, under direction of military junta; interim national transition council appointed on April 15, 2012, following military coup; new government installed after elections in June 2014; restoration of constitutional order effective August 2014.
[Page 642]Area: 13,948 sq. mi. (36,125 sq. km).
Population: 1,907,000 (2018E—World Bank); 1,825,670 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2015E—UN): BISSAU (492,000).
Official Language: Portuguese (several local languages are also spoken).
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate October 19, 2018: 570.93 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously ...