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Republic of GuineaRépublique de Guinée
Political Status: Independent republic since October 2, 1958; under one-party presidential regime until military coup of April 3, 1984; [Page 632]multiparty constitution approved by referendum of December 23, 1990, providing for five-year transition to civilian government; constitution suspended following military coup of December 23, 2008; constitutional order restored following Supreme Court ratification of presidential election results in December 2010.
Area: 94,925 sq. mi. (245,857 sq. km).
Population: 13,053,000 (2018E—World Bank); 12,741,800 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): CONAKRY (1,989,000, urban area).
Official Language: French, pending adoption of Soussou or Malinké. (Six other languages are also spoken.)
Monetary Unit: Guinean Franc (market rate October 19, 2018: 8,992.64 francs = $1US).
President: Alpha CONDÉ (Rally of the Guinean People); elected after multiparty balloting on June 27 and November 7, ...