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Republic of FinlandSuomen Tasavalta (Finnish)Republiken Finland (Swedish)
Political Status: Independent since December 6, 1917; republic established July 17, 1919, under presidential-parliamentary system.
Area: 130,119 sq. mi. (337,009 sq. km).
Population: 5,526,000 (2018—World Bank); 5,537,364 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2017E—UN): HELSINKI (629,512), Espoo (269,802), Oulu (200,526), Tampere (225,118).
Official Languages: Finnish, Swedish.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US).
President: Sauli NIINISTÖ (ind., formerly National Coalition Party); elected in second-round balloting on February 5, 2012, and inaugurated for a six-year term on March 1, 2012, succeeding Tarja HALONEN (Finnish Social Democratic Party); reelected on January 28, 2018, and inaugurated on March 1.
Prime Minister: Juha SIPILÄ (Finnish Center); approved by the legislature and sworn in on May 29, 2015, as the leader of a three-party coalition government to ...