Ethiopia

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  • Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

    Political Status: Former monarchy; provisional military government formally established September 12, 1974; Marxist-Leninist one-party system instituted September 6, 1984; communist constitution approved by referendum of February 1, 1987, resulting in redesignation of the country as the People’s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; “state responsibility” assumed by rebel coalition upon surrender of the former regime’s military commander and acting president in Addis Ababa on May 27, 1991; national charter and transitional government approved by multiparty National Conference that met on July 1–5, 1991; present constitution promulgated December 8, 1994; Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia proclaimed August 22, 1995.

    Area: 436,349 sq. mi. (1,130,138 sq. km).

    Population: 104,957,000 (2018E—World Bank); 105,350,000 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2015E): ADDIS ABABA (3,238,000), Mekele (315,000).

    Working Language: Amharic (all Ethiopian languages ...

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