Estonia

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  • Republic of Estonia
    Eesti Vabariik

    Political Status: Absorption of independent state by the Soviet Union on August 6, 1940, repudiated by Estonian Supreme Council on March 30, 1990; resumption of full sovereignty declared August 20, 1991, and accepted by USSR State Council on September 6; present constitution approved in referendum of June 28, 1992.

    Area: 17,462 sq. mi. (45,227 sq. km).

    Population: 1,315,480 (2017E—World Bank); 1,244,288 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2018E—UN): TALLINN (450,531), Tartu (99,429).

    Official Language: Estonian.

    Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US). Estonia adopted the euro on January 1, 2011.

    President: Kersti KALJULAID (ind.); elected by parliament for a five-year term on October 3, 2016, and sworn in for a five-year term on October 10, succeeding Toomas Hendrik ILVES (Social Democratic Party).

    Prime Minister: Jüri ...

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