Cyprus: Turkish Sector

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  • Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
    Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

    Political Status: Autonomous federal state proclaimed February 13, 1975; independent republic (thus far recognized only by Turkey) declared November 15, 1983; TRNC constitution approved by referendum of May 6, 1985.

    Area: Approximately 1,400 sq. mi. (3,626 sq. km).

    Population: 351,000 (2018E—Government), Turkish Cypriot estimates, which include nonindigenous settlers (more than half of the total).

    Major Urban Centers (2011E—Government): LEFKOŞA (Turkish-occupied portion of Nicosia, 94,824), Gazimağusa (Famagusta, 69,741), Kyrenia (69,163).

    Principal Language: Turkish.

    Monetary Unit: Turkish Lira (market rate October 19, 2018: 5.60 Turkish liras = $1US). Use of the Cyprus pound as an alternative unit of exchange was terminated on May 16, 1983.

    President: Mustafa AKINCI (ind.); elected in the second round of popular balloting on April 26, 2015, and inaugurated April 30 for ...

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