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Plurinational State of BoliviaEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1825; civilian government reestablished in October 1982 after virtually constant military rule since September 1969; present constitution promulgated on February 7, 2009.
Area: 424,162 sq. mi. (1,098,581 sq. km).
Population: 11,052,000 (2018E—World Bank); 11,306,341 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review): LA PAZ (administrative capital, 812,799), Sucre (judicial capital, 224,838), Santa Cruz (1,364, 389), Cochabamba (900, 414).
Official Languages: Spanish, Aymará, Quechua (Aymará and Quechua were adopted as official languages in 1977).
Monetary Unit: Boliviano (market rate October 19, 2018: 6.80 bolivianos = $1US).
President: Juan Evo MORALES Ayma (Movement to Socialism); elected December 18, 2005, and inaugurated January 22, 2006, for a five-year term, succeeding Acting President Eduardo RODRÍGUEZ Veltsé (nonparty); reelected December 6, 2009, in early elections ...