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Kingdom of Bahrainal-Mamlakat al-Bahrayn
Political Status: Independent emirate proclaimed August 15, 1971; constitution adopted December 6, 1973; constitutional monarchy established on February 14, 2002, under constitutional amendment decreed by the emir in purported accordance with National Action Charter endorsed by national referendum on February 14–15, 2001.
Area: 258 sq. mi. (668 sq. km).
Population: 1,576,000 (2018E—World Bank); 1,442,669 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2018E—World Bank): MANAMA (147,074).
Official Language: Arabic.
Monetary Unit: Bahraini Dinar (official rate October 19, 2018: 0.38 dinar = $1US).
Sovereign: King Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al KHALIFA, descendant of a ruling dynasty that dates from 1782; succeeded to the throne as emir on March 6, 1999, upon the death of his father, Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al KHALIFA; proclaimed himself king under constitutional amendment adopted on February 14, ...