Armenia

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  • Republic of Armenia
    Hayastani Hanrapetoutioun

    Political Status: Armenian Republic established on November 29, 1920; joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 30, 1922; became a constituent republic of the USSR on December 5, 1936; independence declared by the Armenian Supreme Soviet September 23, 1991, following national referendum of September 21; mixed presidential–parliamentary system established by a new constitution in 1995; parliamentary system established by new constitution, approved by referendum on December 6, 2015, and implemented with elections on April 2, 2017.

    Area: 11,506 sq. mi. (29,800 sq. km).

    Population: 2,093,400 (2018E—World Bank); 3,038,217 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2017E—UN): YEREVAN (1,080,000).

    Official Language: Armenian.

    Monetary Unit: Dram (market rate October 19, 2018: 470.69 drams = $1US).

    President: Armen SARKISYAN (ind., formerly Republic); ...

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