• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson
Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson

Decided June 19, 1986

477 U.S. 57

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/477/57.html

Decision

Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that is prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This form of discrimination is illegal not only when it results in the loss of a job or promotion, but also when it creates a “hostile environment” that alters the employee's working conditions.

Background

For more than a decade after passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, courts resisted the notion that sexual harassment in the workplace was a form of sex discrimination that should be prohibited by the law. As larger numbers of women joined the workforce, however, judicial attitudes began to change. University of Michigan law professor Catharine MacKinnon ...

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