• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha

Decided June 23, 1983

462 U.S. 919

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/462/919.html

Decision

When Congress passes laws it may not retain for one of its houses the power to veto executive branch decisions implementing the laws. Under the Constitution's design for a national government, that kind of power is legislative in nature and can be exercised only through the approval of both houses of Congress and signature of the president.

Background

In the never-ending test of wills between presidents and Congress, the so-called “legislative veto” became an important weapon in the congressional arsenal in the early 1970s. Legislative vetoes, written into many statutes, enabled one or both houses of Congress to veto or disapprove of how the president or an executive or independent agency was ...

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