• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer

Decided June 2, 1952

343 U.S. 579

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/343/579.html

Decision

President Truman did not have the power under the Constitution or any law to order the seizure of the nation's steel mills to prevent a labor strike. Only Congress, through legislation, could authorize such a seizure.

Background

Congress never declared war in the Korean “conflict,” but it was a war nevertheless. Repelling the invasion of South Korea by troops from the north, which began in June 1950, was a massive undertaking for the United States, costing more than 33,000 U.S. lives and billions of dollars in arms and equipment.

The U.S. economy was on a war footing to produce the matériel needed for the U.S. troops. So when a labor dispute ...

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