• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Humphrey's Executor v. United States
Humphrey's Executor v. United States

Decided May 27, 1935

295 U.S. 602

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/295/602.html

Decision

The president does not have the power to remove a member of an independent federal regulatory agency without the consent of Congress. The Court limited the power of the executive branch to control independent agencies through the removal of officers.

Background

A Republican member of Congress from 1903 to 1917, William Humphrey of Washington was known as such a fervent protector of business interests that progressives called him “Jesse James.” So it was not surprising that Humphrey became an ardent champion of business as soon as President Calvin Coolidge named him to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in 1925.

Humphrey's presence changed the commission, which had been created in 1914 in part to rein in ...

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