• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Terry v. Ohio
Terry v. Ohio

Decided June 10, 1968

392 U.S. 1

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/392/1.html

Decision

Police may stop and frisk a person without a search warrant if they reasonably believe their safety or the safety of others is endangered, and if the search is limited to a pat-down of the person's outer clothing. These limited searches are governed by the Fourth Amendment's bar against unreasonable searches and seizures, but can be justified even if police have something less than probable cause to believe the person committed a crime.

Background

Led by Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court in 1968 had the reputation of protecting the rights of people accused of crime and not being concerned enough about the safety and investigative needs of police. It was in this context that the ...

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