• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

In re Gault
In re Gault

Decided May 15, 1967

387 U.S. 1

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/387/1.html

Decision

Juveniles accused of crimes are entitled to many, but not all, of the rights and privileges that adult criminal defendants enjoy. Among the rights that juveniles have are the right to counsel, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses, and the right not to be forced to incriminate themselves.

Background

Before the turn of the twentieth century, juveniles who committed crimes were treated in most respects as if they were adults. Progressive reformers were horrified that children often received long prison terms and were jailed alongside hardened adult criminals.

Reformers believed that society owed it to juveniles to treat them differently, in a parental rather than a punitive manner. Guilt or innocence should no longer be the system's primary ...

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