• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Powell v. Alabama
Powell v. Alabama

Decided November 7, 1932

287 U.S. 45

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/287/45.html

Decision

An accused person has the right to have a lawyer and to have adequate time to prepare a defense, especially in a capital case, where the penalty may be death. If the defendant is unable to hire a lawyer, the state is required to provide a lawyer for him or her. These rights protect defendants in state as well as federal trials under the guarantee of the due process of law provided in the Fourteenth Amendment.

Background

During the economic depression of the late 1920s and the early 1930s, it was not uncommon for discontented young people to seek jobs or adventure far from home. Many hitched rides on freight trains, without any clear destination.

A fight broke ...

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