• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Decided May 17, 1954

347 U.S. 483

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/347/483.html

Decision

Separate public schools for blacks and whites are inherently unequal. States that maintain racially segregated schools violate the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection of the laws.

Background

The North's victory in the Civil War and the constitutional amendments that followed the war did not guarantee equality for blacks in the United States. In ruling on a Louisiana law that required separate facilities for blacks and whites on trains, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the “separate but equal” accommodations. In this 1896 decision the Court gave its legal blessing to a wide range of segregated services. (See Plessy v. Ferguson.) So-called Jim Crow laws embedded segregation deep into ...

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