- Subject index
Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Decided May 18, 1896
163 U.S. 537
A Louisiana law that required “separate but equal” railroad cars and facilities for black and white passengers is constitutional under the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlaws slavery, and the Fourteenth Amendment, which guarantees equal protection of the laws. Requiring separation of the races, the Court said, does not make them unequal. In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment refers to political equality, not equality in social settings.
The post–Civil War amendments and Reconstruction brought about a measure of progress for blacks in their quest for equal treatment, but by the 1890s white domination had returned with passage of Jim Crow laws that enforced racial segregation. An early form of this legislation, enacted throughout the South, required railroads to have ...