• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

United States v. Nixon
United States v. Nixon

Decided July 24, 1974

418 U.S. 683

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/418/683.html

Decision

A president is not entitled to withhold evidence needed for a criminal trial. An absolute claim of presidential immunity from being subpoenaed cannot be justified by the need for the three branches of government to operate independently or by the need for confidentiality in conversations between the president and his advisers.

Background

By the summer of 1974, what had begun as a bungled burglary of Democratic Party offices in Washington, D.C., had turned into a constitutional crisis. The 1972 Watergate burglary was followed by what seemed to be efforts from the White House to protect the burglars and cover up the political motivations for the crime. Prodded in part by media investigations into the Watergate ...

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