• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Miller v. California
Miller v. California

Decided June 21, 1973

413 U.S. 15

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/413/15.html

Decision

States do not violate the free speech protections of the First Amendment when they restrict the publication or sale of obscene material. The Court defined obscenity as sexually explicit material that, based on “community standards,” appeals to prurient interests, is patently offensive, and lacks artistic, scientific, or political value.

Background

One of the best-known lines from a Supreme Court decision expressed Justice Stewart's frustration about the difficulty of defining obscenity. Defining it in words is not easy, Stewart said in the 1964 case Jacobellis v. Ohio, but “I know it when I see it.”

Because that kind of standard is too subjective for police to apply in enforcing anti-obscenity laws, the Court has tried on many occasions to ...

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