- Subject index
Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire
Decided March 9, 1942
315 U.S. 568
State laws that make it a crime to use words that would provoke a breach of the peace do not violate the First Amendment's protection of free expression if the laws are carefully written to prohibit only the kinds of face-to-face expression that would provoke an average person to fight.
The First Amendment appears to be an absolute prohibition on laws regulating speech, as in “Congress shall make no law….” But the Supreme Court has found exceptions to the rule, at times denying certain types of expression—such as obscene or libelous speech—First Amendment protection.
The question before the Court in this case was whether Walter Chaplinsky's words were the kind of speech that warranted First Amendment ...