• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Branzburg v. Hayes
Branzburg v. Hayes

Decided June 29, 1972

408 U.S. 665

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/408/665.html

Decision

The First Amendment does not give the press the right to refuse to testify before a grand jury in a criminal investigation. News gathering deserves some protection under the First Amendment, but news organizations’ concern about losing their sources does not outweigh the public interest in law enforcement.

Background

During the late 1960s, political and social turmoil on college campuses and among racial minorities was accompanied by a resurgence in investigative reporting and alternative news media. To report on dissident movements and social phenomena such as drug use, journalists often had to promise not to reveal the names of their sources, who were fearful of attracting the attention of law enforcement.

Law enforcement officials responded by subpoenaing reporters to ...

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