• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Cantwell v. Connecticut
Cantwell v. Connecticut

Decided May 20, 1940

310 U.S. 296

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/310/296.html

Decision

A state law that requires religious groups to get prior approval from a government official before they can solicit donations is unconstitutional. The Fourteenth Amendment makes the religion clauses of the First Amendment applicable to state as well as federal action. States may, in a nondiscriminatory way, regulate “the times, the places and the manner” of religious activities and solicitation, but the law at issue improperly gives government the ability to completely prohibit religious activity.

Background

Newton Cantwell and his two sons, Jesse and Russell, were arrested on the streets of New Haven and charged with a variety of offenses, including breach of the peace. All three were Jehovah's Witnesses, and they were asking passersby to listen ...

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