- Subject index
Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.
Grutter v. Bollinger
Decided June 23, 2003
539 U.S. 306
The limited use of race as a factor in admitting students to a state-run law school does not violate the Constitution's equal protection clause if it is aimed at the valid goal of attaining a diverse student body.
The Supreme Court's fractured decision in the 1978 case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke never ended the debate over affirmative action; in fact, the ruling may have kept it alive, at least in the context of public university admissions. Justice Lewis Powell Jr. wrote the decisive opinion in the Bakke case upholding affirmative action, breaking a 4–4 tie, but the fact that no other justice joined in his opinion left it vulnerable to attack and left ...