• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe

Decided June 19, 2000

530 U.S. 290

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/530/290.html

Decision

Policies allowing prayers to be recited before public school football games amount to establishment of religion and violate the First Amendment, even when the prayers are initiated and led by students.

Background

High school football games, especially in small towns in Texas, are major events that draw huge crowds. The teams have avid followers, and the whole experience has been described as a kind of civic religion. In many communities, including Santa Fe, near Galveston, real religion is also involved.

Before 1995 students at Santa Fe High School elected a student council chaplain, whose job it was to recite a prayer or invocation over the public-address system before every home ...

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