• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Regents of the university of California v. Bakke

Decided June 28, 1978

438 U.S. 265

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/438/265.html

DECISION

A state university medical school admissions program that reserves a certain number of slots for minority students violates the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits excluding anyone from federally funded programs on the basis of race. Programs that consider race as one of many factors in admission are not unconstitutional because they can be justified as a way of remedying past discrimination.

BACKGROUND

“Affirmative action” is a phrase that encompasses a variety of programs and policies that take race or gender into account as a positive factor in admissions, employment, contracting, and other benefits. These programs began in the 1960s as part of the civil rights movement. ...

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