• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States

Decided May 27, 1935

295 U.S. 495

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/295/495.html

Decision

A federal law aimed at regulating and stimulating the economy in the wake of the Great Depression is unconstitutional. The National Industrial Recovery Act, which imposed codes of competition on many industries, gives too much power to the president and regulates aspects of the economy that only indirectly affected interstate commerce.

Background

Helping the nation climb out of the Great Depression was the main task of government in the early 1930s. President Herbert Hoover made a start by boosting federal spending on public works to create jobs and establishing a federal loan agency to help businesses return to health. But Hoover stopped short of government-imposed controls on prices and production. He ...

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