• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Oregon v. Mitchell
Oregon v. Mitchell

Decided December 21, 1970

400 U.S. 112

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/400/112.html

Decision

Congress acted within its powers when it established an eighteen-year-old minimum-age requirement for national elections. The Constitution prevents Congress from setting the same requirement for state and local elections. The Court upheld a nationwide ban on literacy tests.

Background

As the number of young Americans serving in the Vietnam War grew during the 1960s, a parallel movement to lower the voting age to eighteen from twenty-one also gained momentum. Animating the movement was this seeming contradiction: eighteen-year-olds were being drafted to fight for their nation, but they were not entrusted with the right to vote.

Congress responded in 1970 by passing a law—not a constitutional amendment—which, among other things, lowered the voting age in national and local elections to ...

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