• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.

Smith v. Allwright
Smith v. Allwright

Decided April 3, 1944

321 U.S. 649

http://laws.findlaw.com/US/321/649.html

Decision

Restricting primary elections to white voters only is a violation of the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which bars discrimination in voting on the basis of race. Because primaries are part of the process that chooses candidates for state and federal office, these elections amount to state action, even though political parties run them.

Background

The Fifteenth Amendment, guaranteeing the right of blacks to vote, was ratified in 1870. But nearly three quarters of a century later, it had proven to be an empty vessel. The federal government did little to enforce it, and the Supreme Court actually had upheld a number of regulations, from poll taxes to literacy tests, that were aimed at keeping blacks from ...

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