Historic Documents of 1975

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Edited by: CQ Press

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    Foreword

    Publication of Historic Documents of 1975 carries through a fourth year the project launched by Congressional Quarterly Service and Editorial Research Reports with Historic Documents 1972. The purpose of this continuing series of volumes is to give students, scholars, librarians, journalists and citizens convenient access to documents of basic importance in the broad range of public affairs.

    To place the documents in perspective, each entry is preceded by a brief introduction containing background materials, in some cases a short summary of the document itself and, where necessary, relevant subsequent developments. We believe this editorial input will prove increasingly useful in future years when the events and questions now covered are less fresh in one's memory and the documents may be hard to find or unobtainable.

    The year 1975 marked the conclusions of both the Watergate scandal and the long and bitter struggle in Vietnam. With the conviction and sentencing of the Watergate cover-up conspirators early in the year and the issuance of the Special Prosecutor's report in October, the final curtain came down on the Watergate drama. The Saigon government fell April 29. President Ford and Secretary of State Kissinger spent much of the remainder of the year trying to reassure allies about American commitments abroad.

    The year's most sensational headlines reported the findings of unprecedented government inquiries into alleged improper and unlawful activities of the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Internal Revenue Service. Throughout the year, the economy continued to suffer from the double burden of inflation and recession.

    These developments added substantially to the usual outpouring of presidential statements, court decisions, commission reports, special studies and speeches of national or international importance. We have selected for inclusion in this book as many as possible of the documents that in our judgment will be of more than transitory interest. Where space limitations prevented reproduction of the full texts, the excerpts used were chosen to set forth the essentials and, at the same time, preserve the flavor of the materials.

    Robert E.Cuthriell Editor Washington, D.C. January 1976

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