Historic Documents of 1973

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Edited by: CQ Press

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    Foreword

    Publication of Historic Documents 1973 carries through a second year the project launched by Congressional Quarterly Service and Editorial Research Reports with Historic Documents 1972. The purpose of this continuing series of volumes is to give students, scholars, librarians, journalists and citizens convenient access to documents of basic importance in the broad range of public affairs.

    To put the documents in perspective, each entry is preceded by a brief introduction containing background material, in some cases a short summary of the document itself and, where possible, pertinent subsequent developments. We believe this editorial input will prove increasingly useful in future years when the events and questions now covered are less fresh in one's memory and the documents may be hard to find or unobtainable.

    The year 1973 presented a sharp contrast to 1972. In 1972, the new turn in American foreign policy highlighted by the President's journeys to Peking and to Moscow was followed by preoccupation at home with the political conventions and the presidential election. In 1973, after conclusion of the Vietnam cease-fire accord and return of the prisoners of war, the Watergate affair dominated public attention for months on end. Watergate and its multiple ramifications led to a dramatic decline in President Nixon's credibility, serious consideration of his impeachment, intensification of a smoldering conflict between the Congress and the White House and resignations galore among federal officials. Later, a drastic energy crisis emerged.

    All these events added substantially to the usual outpouring of presidential statements, court decisions, commission reports, special studies, and speeches of national or international importance. We have selected for inclusion in this book as many as possible of the documents that in our judgment will be of more than transitory interest. Where space limitations prevented reproduction of the full texts, the excerpts used were chosen to set forth the essentials and, at the same time, preserve the flavor of the materials.

    The talents of numerous CQ staffers went into preparation of the book. Robert Diamond and Buel W. Patch shared the tasks of supervision and copy editing. Diantha Johnson assembled the documents and wrote most of the introductions to the entries. Alice Mitchell prepared the cumulative index, which will facilitate use of both the 1972 and the 1973 volumes. Richard Young handled the production. Howard Chapman designed the cover.

    Buel W.Patch Editor Washington, D.C., January 1974

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