• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing healthcare issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national healthcare system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation's healthcare policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. healthcare system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation's healthcare needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, ...

Chapter 29: Twenty-First-Century Challenges to Health and Health Care: Noncommunicable Diseases, Environmental Threats, and Human Rights (2000s–Present)

Twenty-First-Century Challenges to Health and Health Care: Noncommunicable Diseases, Environmental Threats, and Human Rights (2000s–Present)
Twenty-first-century challenges to health and health care: Noncommunicable diseases, environmental threats, and human rights (2000s–present)
Diana M.Bowman, Andrew S.Jessmore and Scott L.Greer

Public health challenges do not respect national borders. As history illustrates, human influenza viruses cross countries and continents, as do, for examples, zoonoses.1,2,3 The economic and social costs of such health challenges similarly affect many jurisdictions and often require multilateral and multisector responses. The eradication of small pox during the twentieth century,4 and the more recent Multilateral Initiative on Malaria,5,6 are testament of the need for well-funded transnational and collaborative multi-stakeholder partnerships.

While communicable diseases receive much of the attention, threats to human health are far more diversified. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), ...

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