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Diana M. Bowman, Andrew S. Jessmore & Scott L. Greer

In: Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy

Chapter 29: Twenty-First-Century Challenges to Health and Health Care: Noncommunicable Diseases, Environmental Threats, and Human Rights (2000s–Present)

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Twenty-First-Century Challenges to Health and Health Care: Noncommunicable Diseases, Environmental Threats, and Human Rights (2000s–Present)
Twenty-first-century challenges to health and health care: Noncommunicable diseases, environmental threats, and human rights (2000s–present)
Diana M.Bowman, Andrew S.Jessmore and Scott L.Greer

Public health challenges do not respect national borders. As history illustrates, human influenza viruses cross countries and continents, as do, for examples, zoonoses.1,2,3 The economic and social costs of such health challenges similarly affect many jurisdictions and often require multilateral and multisector responses. The eradication of small pox during the twentieth century,4 and the more recent Multilateral Initiative on Malaria,5,6 are testament of the need for well-funded transnational and collaborative multi-stakeholder partnerships.

While communicable diseases receive much of the attention, threats to human health are far more diversified. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), ...

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