• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing healthcare issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national healthcare system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation's healthcare policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. healthcare system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation's healthcare needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, ...

Biomedical Research Policy and Innovation (1940s–Present)
Biomedical research policy and innovation (1940s–present)
MichaelMcGeary and RobertCook-Deegan

Since the end of World War II national biomedical research policy in the United States has emphasized public support of a large and broad program of primarily basic research aimed at advancing knowledge of biological processes, on the premise that such knowledge would lead to better ways to cure or prevent diseases that afflict the American people. Public funding, primarily National Institutes of Health (NIH) research grants to biomedical scientists in academia, has always included some clinical research, drug development, and support for clinical trials, but the main responsibility for innovation, defined as turning new knowledge into practical uses, has been left to the private sector. There have been exceptions, usually driven ...

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