Guide to the White House Staff

Guide to the White House Staff

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Shirley Anne Warshaw

Abstract

Guide to the White House Staff is an insightful new work examining the evolution and current role of the White House staff. In eight thematically-arranged chapters, it provides a study of executive-legislative relations, organizational behavior, policy making, and White House-cabinet relations. It also makes an important contribution to the study of public administration for researchers seeking to understand the inner workings of the White House. In thematically-arranged chapters, Guide to the White House Staff:

introduces the first members of the White House staff and details the need, statutory authorization, and funding for staff expansion; addresses the creation of the Executive Office of the President (EOP) and a formal White House staff in 1939; explores the statutes, executive orders, and a succession of reorganization plans that have ...

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    Preface

    This book is a companion to the two-volume work Guide to the Presidency and the Executive Branch (fifth edition) prepared by Michael Nelson of Rhodes College. Professor Nelson's detailed discussion of the American presidency is the gold standard for presidential scholars. Guide to the White House Staff seeks to explore in more depth the staffing and advisory structures immediately surrounding the president that provide the policy and managerial expertise to oversee the executive branch. Perhaps more important, these White House structures allow the president to develop and implement, both legislatively and administratively, the campaign promises that guide the administration. Michael Nelson, however, was the one who had the vision for a serious, analytical, and lengthy study of the presidency.

    Overview of the Book

    From George Washington to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, presidents relied on a single assistant, known as the secretary to the president, to handle official correspondence, oversee the mail, manage enrolled bills, and arrange the daily schedule, among other routine tasks. Presidents at times had several secretaries and assistant secretaries to supervise the daily life of the president. Both George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, who brought young assistants from home to be their official staff, allowed their secretaries to hire one or two assistants if necessary. Some presidents, such as Ulysses S. Grant, sought military detailees to bolster their meager personal staffs. In addition to the routine tasks, secretaries to the president, particularly in the latter half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century, served as press secretaries and speechwriters.

    The price for presidents to have any staff at all, however, was to provide for their salaries themselves. Early presidents paid for the private secretaries using personal funds, since Congress chose not to authorize funds for presidential staff. Staff was originally considered household help, such as the stewards and messengers, who were paid by the president's personal funds. Not until 1857 did Congress officially provide for a private secretary for the president, and in successive years provided additional funds for several more private secretaries and other household staff.

    The advent of the modern White House staff did not take shape, however, until the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, with passage of the Reorganization Act of 1939 creating the Executive Office of the President. Within the act was funding for six administrative assistants in addition to the existing three private secretaries. The intention of the act was to provide the president with a small professional staff, the administrative assistants, to assist him in his managerial role. The existing secretaries to the president would assist in what were considered the political operations of the White House. Political at this time meant the press, scheduling and advance, speechwriting, correspondence, and congressional liaison operations. By passing the Reorganization Act, Congress had officially recognized, and thereby sanctioned, the role of the president in managing the executive branch. The torch had been passed from congressional government, in which the executive departments directly interacted with departmental personnel in policy decisions, to presidential government, in which the president provided policy direction, budget control, and overall management within the executive branch.

    Since 1939, the Executive Office of the President has blossomed to include hundreds of staff members to serve the president. Congress today provides a substantial appropriation for the White House staff, which in 2012 was over $13 million per year. Included within this staff are both personal assistants, ranging from the communications and speechwriting staff to a wide range of policy advisors, and statutorily designated managerial, budget, and policy staff. Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States, had a personal White House staff of over 450, in addition to more staff within the broader Executive Office of the President. The Executive Office of the President, which includes the Office of Management and Budget and the National Security Council staff among others, adds to the depth of presidential expertise and management capabilities.

    This trend of a constantly increasing White House staff, routinely adding new positions to address new policy issues and new presidential needs, is unlikely to subside. As the nation grows in population, the federal government will provide more and more services, and as a result, the president's managerial role in the federal government will be challenged. To meet the expanded demands on federal services, both domestic and in the scope of homeland and national security, presidents will broaden their staffing expertise. Without question, the size of the White House staff, and that of the Executive Office of the President, will continue its steady increases in future years. Presidents oversee the executive branch and provide policy leadership to the Congress. For the managerial presidency to succeed, a large, well-organized White House staff is necessary with functional assignments and a depth of individual expertise.

    Plan of the Book

    The Guide to the White House Staff is organized into two distinct sections. The first section examines the presidential staff from George Washington through the second term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a period lasting 150 years (1789–1939). These were the formative years of the White House staff, in which Congress at first refused to provide any funds for a staff and then begrudgingly approved several secretaries to the president. The second section, from Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1939) to Barack Obama (2012), covers the period referred to as the modern White House. It provides details on the dramatic growth and change of the White House staff in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. All of the statutes that addressed White House staffing are included.

    The evolution of the White House staff largely parallels the changes that the nation itself was undergoing in the mid-twentieth century. When the federal government began to provide economic security through the New Deal programs and Social Security, and later the Great Society legislation that included Medicare and Medicaid, the president's managerial role significantly increased. When Congress further broadened the federal government's role through the interstate highway system, space program, public health services, and community development funding and increased its regulatory role through agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency, the managerial role of the president continued to increase. To manage the ever-increasing services provided by the federal government, the president turned to his White House staff. No longer could the White House be staffed with generalists, leading to inclusion of specialists in numerous domestic and economic policies. Similarly, as the nation emerged after World War II as a military superpower, our national security interests demanded the expertise of an expanded national security staff.

    Part I of the book, which is primarily historical, includes three chapters that detail the development of the White House staff, such as the role that private secretaries played (Chapter 1) prior to the Reorganization Act of 1939, how the Progressive movement influenced the expansion of the president's managerial role in the early twentieth century (Chapter 2), and the subsequent creation of the Executive Office of the President (Chapter 3). Part II of the book examines the presidential staff following creation of the Executive Office of the President. The growth in the size of the White House staff and the subsequent move to functional assignments are examined (Chapter 4), as is transition planning from Eisenhower to Obama (Chapter 5); the creation of the policy units in national security, domestic, and economic policy and their expansion under each administration (Chapter 6); second-term staffing changes (Chapter 7); and the career path that White House staff take after leaving the administration (Chapter 8). The Appendix provides a list of White House staff, as identified in the U.S. Government Manual, from Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Barack Obama.

    Although presidential scholars have delved into a great deal of material on White House staffing, specific details were often overlooked. This volume provides new research on the White House staff in addition to that which has been previously published.

    Part I: Building the Foundations of the White House Staff

    Chapter 1. Building the President's Staff, 1789–1939. The first chapter focuses on each president from George Washington to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The size of the White House staff, who served on the White House staff, why staff were chosen, the role of the staff, and insights into the presidential-staff relationship are examined. All of the statutes creating presidential staff from 1789 to 1939 are included in this chapter, most with sidebars giving pertinent details on each statute.

    Chapter 2. The Executive Office of the President: Formalizing the White House Staff and the Managerial Presidency, 1900–1949. This chapter addresses the recommendations for “better government” that emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as a result of the Progressive movement. Improving executive branch budget controls became a theme of the Progressives for not only the federal government but also state and local governments. Presidents benefited from the Progressives’ efforts to improve management capabilities at all levels of government. When Theodore Roosevelt, himself a Progressive, began to examine how to improve presidential management of the executive branch, a series of commissions were created across several administrations that each saw the necessity of enhanced presidential management of the executive branch. The Brownlow Committee, the last of the these commissions, successfully brought forth a plan for a White House staff to assist the president in managing the increasing responsibilities of the executive branch.

    Chapter 3. The Executive Office of the President, 1939–2012. With passage of the Reorganization Act of 1939, the president gained statutory authority to hire staff. The White House staff is born. This chapter examines the framework in which the White House staff operated with other units in the Executive Office of the President in the immediate years following 1939 during the Roosevelt administration. In addition, all of the units in the Executive Office of the President from 1939 through 2012 are examined, with short discussions of the major units. A detailed chart is provided on every unit, its responsibility, and the dates that it operated. Units still in operation are clearly designated.

    Part II: The Operations of the Modern White House Staff, 1939-Present

    Chapter 4. Organizing the White House, 1939-Present. This chapter examines the entire White House staff of each president from Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Barack Obama. Among the points addressed are the size of the staff; names and roles played by staff; changes in titles and roles from one administration to another; changes made in hostile transitions versus interparty transitions; increased use of functional assignments; centralization of policymaking in the post-Nixon staffs; creation of national security, domestic, and economic policymaking staffs; and expansion of political staffs.

    Chapter 5. Transition Planning: Staffing the White House. Ten transitions occurred between the Truman administration and the Obama administration, some of which were interparty and generally friendly, but most of which were intraparty with steep learning curves. With the exception of Dwight Eisenhower, every president established some form of transition planning in anticipation of winning the election. Eisenhower believed transition planning to be presumptive and out of character for a presidential candidate. In contrast, President Kennedy commissioned three separate transition plans. Recent presidents have had elaborate transition studies, detailing, among other points, how the president-elect should structure his White House staff and the role the staff should play in reaching out to departmental personnel. This chapter details the federal funding available to the transition from the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 and the subsequent amendments to the act, which expanded funding.

    Chapter 6. Key Policymaking Units in the White House: Domestic Policy, Economic Policy, and National Security Policy. Since President Truman moved the National Security Council staff into the White House and away from departmental control in the State Department, the White House has become the center of national security policymaking. Richard Nixon, seeking to model a domestic policy operation in the White House after that created for national security, built his Domestic Council to centralize domestic policymaking. Gerald Ford followed the lead of Nixon, building an economic policy operation in the White House. By the time Jimmy Carter entered office, the White House had centralized national security, domestic, and economic policymaking. The process of centralized policy control has continued in every successive administration. This chapter examines the three policy operations in each administration to the present, including staffing levels and budgets.

    Chapter 7. White House Staff in the Second Term: Nixon, Reagan, Clinton, and Bush. As presidents move into second terms, the White House staff is redesigned with new positions and new staff. Relatively few senior staff continue with the president into the second term. Most leave the administration for private sector jobs to take advantage of their administration-wide connections. The majority of second-term staff are promoted from within the first-term White House, providing significant job mobility for those originally hired in second- and third-tier positions. This chapter examines how the first- and second-term staffs differed in the Nixon, Reagan, Clinton, and Bush administrations, with a focus on the second-term staff.

    Chapter 8. Career Paths for White House Staff after Leaving Office. Few White House staff remain in an administration in another position, such as at a senior level in a department or agency. The overwhelming majority of White House staff enter the private sector after two to four years and never return to government service in the current or future administration. This failure to serve in future administrations leaves a significant hole in the institutional memory of the presidency. Key senior staff are examined in this chapter, with detailed biographies that include employment prior to joining the White House staff and after leaving office.

    Appendix: The White House Staff, 1939–2012. This section includes a comprehensive staffing list for every year from 1939 to 2012. Names and job titles as listed in the U.S. Government Manual are provided.

    Acknowledgments

    I could not have conducted the research for this volume without the enormous help of my book team of undergraduate students at Gettysburg College. They worked with me for nearly four years in building the research and charts for each chapter. Included among this dedicated group are Alex Ferraro, Nicholas Jestaedt, Ryan Kosyla, Anthony Palmer, Rose Kane, Gregory Pennington, Michael Savery, Luke Feltz, and David DeBor. I am especially grateful to Alex Ferraro, who managed the research team, and to Nicholas Jestaedt, who developed all of the charts and the staffing lists. All of the students labored not only during the academic year but throughout two summers of research and one summer of editing.

    At CQ Press, I worked closely with January Layman-Wood. She worked with me at every stage, giving me ideas to expand chapters and for areas that needed more depth. Without January, this book would never have been possible. She had the original idea, a plan for what should be included, and thoughts throughout the process on how to improve my work. I am grateful for her constant guidance. In addition, I am deeply grateful to Andrew Boney, who later took over the project and followed it to fruition. Andrew added another voice to the editing process, urging excellent changes and narrowing some overly written sections.

    Finally, I would like to thank a magnificent production staff, including Jane Haenel and Sarah J. Duffy.

    I can't end this section without adding that without the support of my friends, colleagues, and family, and in particular my wonderful husband, this book would certainly never have been completed.

    Shirley Anne Warshaw
    Gettysburg College

    About the Author

    Shirley Anne Warshaw is professor of political science and the Harold G. Evans Chair of Eisenhower Leadership Studies at Gettysburg College, where she has taught since 1986. She teaches courses on the American presidency, American government, and executive-legislative relations. Warshaw received a B.A. degree from the University of Pennsylvania, an M.G.A. from the Wharton School of Finance and Commerce at the University of Pennsylvania, and a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. Her most recent books are The Keys to Power: Managing the Presidency (second edition, 2004) and The Co-Presidency of Bush and Cheney (2009). She is married to Allen Warshaw, and they are the parents of three sons.

  • Appendix: The White House Staff, 1939–2012

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    1939–1940 380
    1940–1941 380
    1941–1942 380
    1942–1943 380
    1943–1944 381
    1944–1945 381
    Harry S. Truman
    1945–1946 381
    1946–1947 382
    1947–1948 382
    1948–1949 383
    1949–1950 383
    1950–1951 384
    1951–1952 384
    1952–1953 385
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    1953–1954 385
    1954–1955 386
    1955–1956 387
    1956–1957 388
    1957–1958 389
    1958–1959 390
    1959–1960 391
    1960–1961 393
    John F. Kennedy
    1961–1962 394
    1962–1963 395
    1963–1964 395
    Lyndon B. Johnson
    1964–1965 396
    1965–1966 397
    1966–1967 397
    1967–1968 398
    1968–1969 399
    Richard Nixon
    1969–1970 399
    1970–1971 401
    1971–1972 402
    1972–1973 403
    1973–1974 404
    Gerald Ford
    1974–1975 405
    1975–1976 407
    1976–1977 408
    Jimmy Carter
    1977–1978 470
    1978–1979 472
    1979–1980 474
    1980–1981 475
    Ronald Reagan
    1981–1982 477
    1982–1983 478
    1983–1984 420
    1984–1985 422
    1985–1986 425
    1986–1987 426
    1987–1988 428
    1988–1989 430
    George H. W. Bush
    1989–1990 432
    1990–1991 434
    1991–1992 436
    1992–1993 437
    Bill Clinton
    1993–1994 439
    1994–1995 440
    1995–1996 443
    1996–1997 446
    1997–1998 449
    1998–1999 452
    1999–2000 454
    2000–2001 457
    George W. Bush
    2001–2002 459
    2002–2003 461
    2003–2004 463
    2004–2005 465
    2005–2006 466
    2006–2007 467
    2007–2008 468
    2008–2009 469
    Barack Obama
    2009–2010 470
    2010–2011 471
    2011–2012 471
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1939–1940
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President Brig. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the President Marvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant James H. Rowe Jr.
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Personal Secretary Marguerite A. LeHand
    Executive Clerk Rudolph Forster
    Total = 8.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1940–1941
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President Brig. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the President Marvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant James H. Rowe Jr.
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Personal Secretary Marguerite A. LeHand
    Executive Clerk Rudolph Forster
    Total = 8.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941–1942
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President Maj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the President Marvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant James H. Rowe Jr.
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Administrative Assistant Lowell Mellett
    Administrative Assistant Sherman Minton
    Personal Secretary Marguerite A. LeHand
    Executive Clerk Rudolph Forster
    Total = 10.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1942–1943
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President Maj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the President Marvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Administrative Assistant Lowell Mellett
    Special Assistant to the President Harry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive Assistant Eugene Casey
    Personal Secretary Marguerite A. LeHand
    Executive Clerk Rudolph Forster
    Total = 10.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1943–1944
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President Maj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the President Marvin H. McIntyre
    Special Counsel to the President Samuel I. Rosenman
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Administrative Assistant Lowell Mellett
    Administrative Assistant David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant James M. Barnes
    Administrative Assistant Jonathan Daniels
    Special Assistant to the President Harry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive Assistant Eugene Casey
    Personal Secretary Grace G. Tully
    Executive Clerk in charge of White House Executive Offices Maurice C. Latta
    Total = 14.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1944–1945
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President Maj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    Special Counsel to the President Samuel I. Rosenman
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Administrative Assistant David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant James M. Barnes
    Administrative Assistant Jonathan Daniels
    Special Assistant to the President Harry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive Assistant Eugene Casey
    Personal Secretary Grace G. Tully
    Executive Clerk in charge of White House Executive Offices Maurice C. Latta
    Total = 13.
    Harry S Truman, 1945–1946
    Secretary to the President Stephen Early
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    Secretary to the President Jonathan Daniels
    Military Aide to the President Col. Richard Park Jr.
    Special Counsel to the President Samuel J. Rosenman
    Personal Representative of the President Donald M. Nelson
    Administrative Assistant William H. McReynolds
    Administrative Assistant Laughlin Currie
    Administrative Assistant David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant James M. Barnes
    Special Assistant to the President Harry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive Assistant Eugene Casey
    Personal Secretary Grace G. Tully
    Executive Clerk in charge of White House Executive Offices Maurice C. Latta
    Total = 14.
    Harry S Truman, 1946–1947
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President Charles G. Ross
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    Executive Clerk in charge of the White House Office Maurice C. Latta
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Reathel M. Odum
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Special Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Assistant to the President Randolph Paul
    Special Assistant to the President Edwin A. Locke Jr.
    Special Executive Assistant to the President George J. Schoeneman
    Administrative Assistant to the President David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the President Raymond R. Zimmerman
    Administrative Assistant to the President Richmond B. Keech
    Military Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. Clark M. Clifford, USNR
    Total = 17.
    Harry S Truman, 1947–1948
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President Charles G. Ross
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    Special Counsel to the President Clark M. Clifford
    Special Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Assistant to the President Edwin A. Locke Jr.
    Special Executive Assistant to the President George J. Schoeneman
    Administrative Assistant to the President David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the President Raymond R. Zimmerman
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan
    Naval Aide to the President Rear Adm. James H. Foskett
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Reathel M. Odum
    Executive Clerk in charge of the White House Executive Offices Maurice C. Latta
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 16.
    Harry S Truman, 1948–1949
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President Charles G. Ross
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    The Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the President Clark M. Clifford
    Administrative Assistant to the President David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the President Charles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the President Donald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the President Frederick J. Lawton
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Mrs. Edith Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Reathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Col. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the President Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 18.
    Harry S Truman, 1949–1950
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President Charles G. Ross
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    The Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the President Clark M. Clifford
    Administrative Assistant to the President David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the President Charles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the President Donald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the President David H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Mrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Reathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Rear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the President Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 18.
    Harry S Truman, 1950–1951
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President Charles G. Ross
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    The Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the President Charles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the President David K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the President Donald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the President David H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant to the President George M. Elsey
    Administrative Assistant to the President Stephen J. Spingarn
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Mrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Reathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Rear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the President Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 19.
    Harry S Truman, 1951–1952
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    Secretary to the President Joseph Short
    Special Assistant to the President W. Averell Harriman
    The Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the President Charles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the President Donald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the President David H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant to the President George M. Elsey
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Mrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Reathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Rear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 18.
    Harry S Truman, 1952–1953
    Secretary to the President Matthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the President William D. Hassett
    Secretary to the President Joseph Short
    The Assistant to the President John R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the President Charles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the President Donald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the President David H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant to the President David E. Bell
    Administrative Assistant to the President David D. Lloyd
    Administrative Assistant to the President Clayton Fritchey
    Administrative Assistant in the President's Office Rose A. Conway
    Social Secretary Mrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Reathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Rear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USAF
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 19.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953–1954
    The Assistant to the President Sherman Adams
    Assistant to the Assistant to the President Maxwell M. Rabb
    Special Assistant to the Assistant to the President Roger Steffan
    Special Assistant to the Assistant to the President Charles F. Willis Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Thomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press Secretary Murray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the President Bernard M. Shanley
    Special Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Gerald D. Morgan
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Bryce N. Harlow
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Homer H. Gruenther
    Special Assistant to the President C. D. Jackson
    Special Assistant to the President Lewis L. Strauss
    Administrative Assistant to the President Robert Cutler
    Administrative Assistant to the President Gabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the President Emmet J. Hughes
    Economic Adviser to the President Arthur F. Burns
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA
    Acting Staff Secretary Col. Paul T. Carroll, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Military Aide to the President Lt. Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Comdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Maj. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Mary Jane McCaffree, Acting
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 28.
    Source: US Government Manual 1953 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1954–1955
    The Assistant to the President Sherman Adams
    Cabinet Operations Officer and Associate Counsel to the President Maxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Assistant to the President Charles F. Willis Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Stanley M. Rumbough Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Charles F. Masterson
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the President Thomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press Secretary Murray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the President Bernard M. Shanley
    Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President J. William Barba
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert Cutler
    Special Assistant to the President Lewis L. Strauss
    Presidential Adviser on Personnel Management Philip Young
    Administrative Assistant to the President Gabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Administrative Assistant to the President I. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Robert S. Kieve
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA
    Staff Secretary Brig. Gen. Paul T. Carroll, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Assistant Staff Secretary Stephen Benedict
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Military Aide to the President Lt. Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Comdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Lt. Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Secretary to the Wife of the President Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 33.
    Source: US Government Manual 1954 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1955–1956
    The Assistant to the President Sherman Adams
    Assistant to the Assistant to the President Charles F. Willis Jr.
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the President Bernard M. Shanley
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press Secretary Murray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President J. William Barba
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Dillon Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President Lewis L. Strauss
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph M. Dodge
    Special Assistant to the President Nelson A. Rockefeller
    Assistant to the Special Assistant to the President Donald Irwin
    Special Assistant to the President Harold E. Stassen
    Special Assistant to the President Kevin McCann
    Special Assistant in the White House Office William B. Ewald Jr.
    Presidential Adviser on Personnel Management Philip Young
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence B. Randall
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence Francis
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the President Gabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President I. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the President Howard Pyle
    Administrative Assistant to the President Fred A. Seaton
    Special Assistant in the White House Office H. Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Charles F. Masterson
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA
    Secretary to the Cabinet Maxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Secretary to the Cabinet Bradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Staff Secretary Col. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Military Aide to the President Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Comdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Lt. Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. Eisenhower Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 41.
    Source: US Government Manual 1955 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1956–1957
    The Assistant to the President Sherman Adams
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the President Bernard M. Shanley
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press Secretary Murray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President J. William Barba
    Consultant Edward A. McCabe
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Dillon Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President Lewis L. Strauss
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph M. Dodge
    Special Assistant to the President Kevin McCann
    Special Assistant in the White House Office William B. Ewald Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Harold E. Stassen
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President Meyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the President William H. Jackson
    Special Assistant to the President Edward P. Curtin
    Presidential Adviser on Personnel Management Philip Young
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence B. Randall
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence Francis
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the President Gabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the President I. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President (serving as Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovt. Relations) Howard Pyle
    Special Assistant in the White House Office H. Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Charles F. Masterson
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Robert K. Gray
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA (MC)
    Secretary to the Cabinet Maxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Secretary to the Cabinet Bradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Staff Secretary Col. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects) E. Frederic Morrow
    Military Aide to the President Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Comdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Lt. Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. Eisenhower Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher Howell G. Crim
    Total = 44.
    Source: US Government Manual 1956 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1957–1958
    The Assistant to the President Sherman Adams
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the President Bernard M. Shanley
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Associate Press Secretary Anne W. Wheaton
    Special Counsel to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Associate Special Counsel to the President Edward A. McCabe
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Henry Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert Cutler
    Special Assistant to the President Lewis L. Strauss
    Special Assistant to the President Kevin McCann
    Special Assistant to the President Harold E. Stassen
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Amos J. Peaslee
    Special Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President Meyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the President Edward P. Curtis
    Special Assistant to the President Gabriel Hauge
    Special Assistant to the President Clarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the President Walter F. George
    Special Assistant to the President James P. Richards
    Special Assistant to the President Frederick M. Dearborn Jr.
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence Francis
    Administrative Assistant to the President I. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President (serving as Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovt. Relations) Howard Pyle
    Administrative Assistant to the President Jack Z. Anderson
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA (MC)
    Staff Secretary Brig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects) E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff Secretary Albert P. Toner
    Secretary to the Cabinet Maxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Secretary to the Cabinet Bradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the President Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Robert K. Gray
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Frederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Phillip E. Areeda
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Wayne B. Warrington
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. Eisenhower Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 47.
    Source: US Government Manual 1957 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1958–1959
    The Assistant to the President Sherman Adams
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Associate Press Secretary Anne W. Wheaton
    Secretary to the President Thomas E. Stephens
    Special Counsel to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Associate Special Counsel to the President Edward A. McCabe
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Henry Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert Cutler
    Special Assistant to the President Lewis L. Strauss
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Amos J. Peaslee
    Special Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President Meyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the President Gabriel Hauge
    Special Assistant to the President Clarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the President E. R. Quesada
    Special Assistant to the President Arthur Larson
    Special Assistant to the President James R. Killian Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Karl G. Harr Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel Management Rocco C. Siciliano
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence Francis
    Special Consultant to the President John H. Stambaugh
    Administrative Assistant to the President I. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President (serving as Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovt. Relations) Howard Pyle
    Administrative Assistant to the President Jack Z. Anderson
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA (MC)
    Staff Secretary Brig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects) E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff Secretary Albert P. Toner
    Secretary to the Cabinet Robert K. Gray
    Assistant to the Secretary to the Cabinet Bradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the President Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Frederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Phillip E. Areeda
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Wayne B. Warrington
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Robert E. Hampton
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. Eisenhower Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 47.
    Source: US Government Manual 1958 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1959–1960
    The Assistant to the President Wilton B. Persons
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Secretary to the President Thomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Associate Press Secretary Anne W. Wheaton
    Special Counsel to the President David W. Kendall
    Associate Special Counsel to the President Henry Roemer McPhee
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Phillip E. Areeda
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Interdepartmental Affairs Robert E. Merriam
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Affairs Bryce N. Harlow
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gordon Gray
    Special Assistant to the President Kevin McCann
    Special Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President Meyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the President Clarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel Management Rocco C. Siciliano
    Special Assistant to the President James R. Killian Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Karl G. Harr Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Don Paarlberg
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Amos J. Peaslee
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence Francis
    Special Consultant to the President Arthur Larson
    Administrative Assistant to the President Jack Z. Anderson
    Administrative Assistant to the President Malcolm C. Moos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Edward A. McCabe
    Staff Assistant to the President Clyde A. Wheeler Jr.
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, MC, USA
    Staff Secretary Brig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Assistant Staff Secretary Maj. John S. D. Eisenhower
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects) E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff Secretary Albert P. Toner
    Secretary to the Cabinet Robert K. Gray
    Assistant to the Secretary to the Cabinet Bradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the President Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Frederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Robert E. Hampton
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Douglas R. Price
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Stephen H. Hess
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Christopher H. Russell
    Personal Secretary to the President Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. Eisenhower Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 49
    Source: US Government Manual 1959 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1960–1961
    The Assistant to the President Wilton B. Persons
    The Deputy Assistant to the President Gerald D. Morgan
    Secretary to the President Thomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the President James C. Hagerty
    Associate Press Secretary Mrs. Anne W. Wheaton
    Special Counsel to the President David W. Kendall
    Associate Special Counsel to the President Henry Roemer McPhee
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Phillip E. Areeda
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Interdepartmental Affairs Robert E. Merriam
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Affairs Bryce N. Harlow
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Homer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the President Earle D. Chesney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gordon Gray
    Special Assistant to the President Kevin McCann
    Special Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President Meyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the President Clarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the President Karl G. Harr Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President, and Food-for-Peace Coordinator Don Paarlberg
    Special Assistant to the President W. Allen Wallis
    Special Assistant to the President George B. Kistiakowsky
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel Management Eugene J. Lyons
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Amos J. Peaslee
    Special Consultant to the President Clarence Francis
    Special Consultant to the President Arthur Larson
    Administrative Assistant to the President Jack Z. Anderson
    Administrative Assistant to the President Malcolm C. Moos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Edward A. McCabe
    Staff Assistant to the President Clyde A. Wheeler Jr.
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, MC, USA
    Staff Secretary to the President Brig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff Secretary L. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Assistant Staff Secretary Lt. Col. John S. D. Eisenhower
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects) E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff Secretary Christopher J. Russell
    Secretary to the Cabinet Robert K. Gray
    Assistant to the Secretary to the Cabinet Bradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the President Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House Office James M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Frederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Robert E. Hampton
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Douglas R. Price
    Special Assistant in the White House Office Stephen H. Hess
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. Eisenhower Mrs. Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 49.
    Source: US Government Manual 1960 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    John F. Kennedy, 1961–1962
    Special Counsel to the President Theodore C. Sorensen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Myer Feldman
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Richard N. Goodwin
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Lee C. White
    Press Secretary to the President Pierre E. G. Salinger
    Associate Press Secretary to the President Andrew T. Hatcher
    Special Assistant to the President McGeorge Bundy
    Special Assistant to the President Lawrence F. O'Brien
    Special Assistant to the President P. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President Jerome B. Wiesner
    Special Assistant to the President Ralph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the President Frederick G. Dutton
    Special Assistant to the President James M. Landis
    Special Assistant to the President Frank D. Reeves
    Special Assistant to the President Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Harris L. Wofford Jr.
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Walt Whitman Rostow
    Administrative Assistant to the President Timothy J. Reardon Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the President Henry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for Peace George McGovern
    Physician to the President Dr. Janet Travell
    Military Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Comdr. Tazewell T. Shepard Jr., USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Col. Godfrey T. McHugh, USAF
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Evelyn N. Lincoln
    Social Secretary Letitia Baldrige
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 29.
    Source: US Government Manual 1961 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    John F. Kennedy, 1962–1963
    Special Counsel to the President Theodore C. Sorensen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Myer Feldman
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Lee C. White
    Press Secretary to the President Pierre E. G. Salinger
    Associate Press Secretary to the President Andrew T. Hatcher
    Special Assistant to the President McGeorge Bundy
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Carl Kaysen
    Special Assistant to the President Lawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Henry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Military Representative of the President Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA
    Special Assistant to the President P. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President Jerome B. Wiesner
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for Peace George McGovern
    Special Assistant to the President Timothy J. Reardon Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Ralph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the President Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Brooks Hays
    Physician to the President Janet G. Travell, MD
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. Tazewell T. Shepard Jr., USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Godfrey T. McHugh, USAF
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Evelyn N. Lincoln
    Social Secretary Letitia Baldrige
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1962 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    John F. Kennedy, 1963–1964
    Special Counsel to the President Theodore C. Sorensen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Myer Feldman
    Assistant Special Counsel to the President Lee C. White
    Press Secretary to the President Pierre E. G. Salinger
    Associate Press Secretary to the President Andrew T. Hatcher
    Special Assistant to the President McGeorge Bundy
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Carl Kaysen
    Special Assistant to the President Lawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Henry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President P. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President Jerome B. Wiesner
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for Peace Richard W. Reuter
    Special Assistant to the President Timothy J. Reardon Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Ralph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the President Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Brooks Hays
    Special Assistant to the President Stafford L. Warren, MD
    Special Assistant to the President David L. Lawrence
    Advisor for National Capital Affairs Charles A. Horsky
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Naval Aide to the President Capt. Tazewell T. Shepard Jr., USN
    Air Force Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Godfrey T. McHugh, USAF
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Evelyn N. Lincoln
    Social Secretary Nancy L. Tuckerman
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 28.
    Source: US Government Manual 1963 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964–1965
    Counsel to the President Myer Feldman
    Associate Counsel to the President Lee C. White
    Associate Counsel to the President Hobart Taylor Jr.
    Press Secretary to the President George E. Reedy
    Assistant Press Secretary Malcolm M. Kilduff
    Special Assistant to the President McGeorge Bundy
    Special Assistant to the President Lawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Henry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President P. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for Peace Richard W. Reuter
    Special Assistant to the President Ralph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the President Stafford L. Warren, MD
    Special Assistant to the President David L. Lawrence
    Special Assistant to the President Walter Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President Bill D. Moyers
    Special Assistant to the President Donald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the President Horace Busby Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President S. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President on the Arts Roger L. Stevens
    Special Consultant to the President Jack J. Valenti
    Advisor for National Capital Affairs Charles A. Horsky
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First Lady Mrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social Secretary Mrs. Bess Abell
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 29.
    Source: US Government Manual 1964 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965–1966
    Special Assistant to the President McGeorge Bundy
    Special Assistant to the President Horace Busby Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President S. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Richard N. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President Donald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the President David L. Lawrence
    Special Assistant to the President Bill D. Moyers
    Special Assistant to the President Lawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Henry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Jack J. Valenti
    Special Assistant to the President W. Marvin Watson
    Press Secretary to the President George E. Reedy
    Special Counsel to the President Lee C. White
    Legislative Counsel Jake Jacobsen
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for Peace Richard W. Reuter
    Advisor for National Capital Affairs Charles A. Horsky
    Military Aide to the President Maj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Physician to the President Vice Adm. George G. Burkley (MC), USN
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Juanita Dugan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First Lady Mrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social Secretary Mrs. Bess Abell
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 24.
    Source: US Government Manual 1965 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1966–1967
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph A. Califano Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President S. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Donald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the President Robert E. Kintner
    Special Assistant to the President Robert W. Komer
    Special Assistant to the President David L. Lawrence
    Special Assistant to the President Bill D. Moyers
    Special Assistant to the President Walt Whitman Rostow
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Francis M. Bator
    Special Assistant to the President W. Marvin Watson
    Special Consultant to the President Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA (Ret.)
    Special Counsel to the President Harry C. McPherson Jr.
    Legislative Counsel Jake Jacobsen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Clifford L. Alexander Jr.
    Counsel to the President Milton P. Semer
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Robert H. Fleming
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the President Henry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Advisor for National Capital Affairs Charles A. Horsky
    Physician to the President Vice Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Armed Forces Aide to the President Lt. Col. James U. Cross, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First Lady Mrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social Secretary Mrs. Bess Abell
    Executive Clerk William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1966 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1967–1968
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph A. Califano Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President S. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President George E. Christian
    Special Assistant to the President Donald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the President Robert E. Kintner
    Special Assistant to the President Walt Whitman Rostow
    Deputy Special Assistant to the President Francis M. Bator
    Special Assistant to the President W. Marvin Watson
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Miss Betty Furness
    Special Consultant to the President Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA (Ret.)
    Special Consultant to the President John P. Roche
    Special Counsel to the President Harry C. McPherson Jr.
    Legislative Counsel to the President Harold Barefoot Sanders Jr.
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Clifford L. Alexander Jr.
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Lawrence E. Levinson
    Associate Special Counsel to the President W. DeVier Pierson
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Robert H. Fleming
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Advisor for National Capital Affairs Stephen J. Pollak
    Physician to the President Vice Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Armed Forces Aide to the President Lt. Col. James U. Cross, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First Lady Mrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social Secretary Mrs. Bess Abell
    Executive Assistant William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1967 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1968–1969
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph A. Califano Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President S. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President George E. Christian
    Special Assistant to the President E. Ernest Goldstein
    Special Assistant to the President Donald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the President James R. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President Walt Whitman Rostow
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Miss Betty Furness
    Special Consultant to the President Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA (Ret.)
    Special Consultant to the President John P. Roche
    Special Consultant to the President George E. Reedy
    Special Counsel to the President Harry C. McPherson Jr.
    Legislative Counsel to the President Harold Barefoot Sanders Jr.
    Counselor to the President Charles S. Murphy
    Deputy Special Counsel to the President Lawrence E. Levinson
    Associate Special Counsel to the President W. DeVier Pierson
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Robert H. Fleming
    Assistant Press Secretary to the President Wyatt Thomas Johnson Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the President Mike N. Manatos
    Physician to the President Vice Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Armed Forces Aide to the President Brig. Gen. Robert N. Ginsburgh, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the President Mrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First Lady Mrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social Secretary Mrs. Bess Abell
    Executive Assistant William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher J. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1968 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1969–1970
    Counselor to the President Arthur F. Burns
    Assistant to the President Donald Rumsfeld
    Counsel to the President John D. Ehrlichman
    Assistant to the President Peter M. Flanigan
    Special Consultant to the President Leonard Garment
    Assistant to the President H. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President James Keogh
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Henry A. Kissinger
    Director of Communications for the Executive Branch Herbert G. Klein
    Assistant to the President for Urban Affairs Daniel P. Moynihan
    Secretary to the Cabinet John C. Whitaker
    Special Consultant to the President Charles B. Wilkinson
    Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler
    Science Advisor to the President Lee A. DuBridge
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations Kenneth E. BeLieu
    Deputy Assistant to the President Alexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Urban Affairs Stephen Hess
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations William E. Timmons
    Deputy Assistant to the President Darrell M. Trent
    Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren
    Military Assistant to the President Col. James D. Hughes, USAF
    Special Assistant to the President Martin Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President James D. Atwater
    Special Assistant to the President Robert J. Brown
    Special Assistant to the President Patrick J. Buchanan
    Deputy Counsel to the President Richard T. Burress
    Special Assistant to the President Dwight L. Chapin
    Deputy Counsel to the President Henry C. Cashen II
    Special Assistant to the President Kenneth R. Cole Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President John S. Davies
    Deputy Counsel to the President Harry S. Dent
    Special Assistant to the President Harry S. Flemming
    Special Assistant to the President H. Dale Grubb
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Mrs. Virginia H. Knauer
    Deputy Counsel to the President Egil Krogh Jr.
    Deputy Counsel to the President Edward L Morgan
    Special Assistant to the President Raymond K. Price Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President William L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former Presidents Robert L. Schulz
    Personal Secretary to the President Rose Mary Woods
    Press Secretary to the First Lady Mrs. Gerry Van Der Heuvel
    Social Secretary Mrs. Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the President Col. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Executive Assistant William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 46.
    Source: US Government Manual 1969 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1970–1971
    Counselor to the President Robert F. Finch
    Counselor to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Counselor to the President Robert P. Mayo
    Counselor to the President Dr. Daniel P. Moynihan
    Assistant to the President Donald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs John D. Ehrlichman
    Assistant to the President Peter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the President H. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations William E. Timmons
    Special Consultant to the President Leonard Garment
    Advisor to the President on Manpower Mobilization Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, USA
    Special Assistant to the President James Keogh
    Director of Communications for the Executive Branch Herbert G. Klein
    Special Consultant to the President Charles B. Wilkinson
    Science Advisor to the President Ronald L. Ziegler
    Military Assistant to the President Brig. Gen. James D. Hughes, USAF
    Special Consultant to the President for Systems Analysis Dr. Martin Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Senate Relations Kenneth E. BeLieu
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Richard T. Burress
    Deputy Assistant to the President Alexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Henry C. Cashen II
    Special Counsel to the President Murray M. Chotiner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Kenneth R. Cole Jr.
    Special Counsel to the President Charles W. Colson
    Special Counsel to the President Harry S. Dent
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Egil Krogh Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Edward L. Morgan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations Franklyn C. Nofziger
    Deputy Assistant to the President Darrell M. Trent
    Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs John C. Whitaker
    Personal Secretary to the President Miss Rose Mary Woods
    Special Assistant to the President James D. Atwater
    Special Assistant to the President Robert J. Brown
    Special Assistant to the President Patrick J. Buchanan
    Special Assistant to the President Dwight L. Chapin
    Special Assistant to the President Charles Clapp
    Special Assistant to the President Jack T. Cole
    Special Assistant to the President Richard K. Cook
    Special Assistant to the President Eugene S. Cowen
    Special Assistant to the President John S. Davies
    Special Assistant to the President Harry S. Flemming
    Special Assistant to the President Edwin L. Harper
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Mrs. Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President Jeb S. Magruder
    Special Assistant to the President John R. Price Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Raymond K. Price Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President William L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former Presidents Robert L. Schulz
    Special Assistant to the President Clay T. Whitehead
    Staff Director for Mrs. Nixon Mrs. Constance Stuart
    Social Secretary Mrs. Lucy Alexander
    Physician to the President Brig. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Executive Assistant William J. Hopkins
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 56.
    Source: US Government Manual 1970 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1971–1972
    Counselor to the President Robert H. Finch
    Counselor to the President Donald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs John D. Ehrlichman
    Assistant to the President Peter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the President H. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Counsel to the President for Congressional Relations Clark MacGregor
    Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs Peter G. Peterson
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations William E. Timmons
    Science Advisor to the President Edward E. David Jr.
    Special Consultant to the President Leonard Garment
    Special Consultant to the President for Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Dr. Jerome H. Jaffe
    Special Consultant to the President John A. Scali
    Advisor to the President on Manpower Mobilization Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, USA
    Director of Communications for the Executive Branch Herbert G. Klein
    Special Assistant to the President Raymond K. Price Jr.
    Press Secretary to the President Ronald L. Ziegler
    Military Assistant to the President Brig. Gen. James D. Hughes, USAF
    Deputy Assistant to the President Alexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President Dwight L. Chapin
    Special Counsel to the President Charles W. Colson
    Counsel to the President John Wesley Dean III
    Special Counsel to the President Harry S. Dent
    Special Counsel to the President Richard A. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President Frederic V. Malek
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Brig. Gen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President John C. Whitaker
    Deputy Assistant to the President Henry C. Cashen II
    Deputy Press Secretary Neal Ball
    Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren
    Personal Secretary to the President Miss Rose Mary Woods
    Special Assistant to the President George T. Bell
    Special Assistant to the President Patrick J. Buchanan
    Special Assistant to the President Richard K. Cook
    Special Assistant to the President Eugene S. Cowen
    Special Assistant to the President John S. Davies
    Special Assistant to the President Max L. Friedersdorf
    Special Assistant to the President William L. Gifford
    Special Assistant to the President Mark I. Goode
    Special Assistant to the President John M. Huntsman
    Special Assistant to the President Roger E. Johnson
    Special Assistant to the President Daniel T. Kingsley
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Mrs. Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President Tom C. Korologos
    Special Assistant to the President William L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former Presidents Robert L. Schulz
    Staff Director for Mrs. Nixon Mrs. Constance Stuart
    Social Secretary Mrs. Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the President Brig. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 50.
    Source: US Government Manual 1971 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1972–1973
    Counselor to the President Robert H. Finch
    Counselor to the President Donald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs John D. Erhlichman
    Assistant to the President Peter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the President H. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations William E. Timmons
    Science Advisor to the President Edward E. David Jr.
    Special Consultant to the President on Aging Arthur S. Flemming
    Special Consultant to the President Leonard Garment
    Special Consultant to the President for Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Dr. Jerome H. Jaffe
    Special Consultant to the President William M. Magruder
    Special Consultant to the President John A. Scali
    Advisor to the President on Manpower Mobilization Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, USA
    Director of Communications for the Executive Branch Herbert G. Klein
    Special Assistant to the President Raymond K. Price Jr.
    Press Secretary to the President Ronald L. Ziegler
    Military Assistant to the President Brig. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Deputy Assistant to the President Alexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President Dwight L. Chapin
    Special Counsel to the President Charles W. Colson
    Counsel to the President John Wesley Dean III
    Special Counsel to the President Harry S. Dent
    Special Counsel to the President Richard A. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President Frederic V. Malek
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Maj. Gen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr., USA
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations Richard K. Cook
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations Tom C. Korologos
    Deputy Assistant to the President John C. Whitaker
    Deputy Assistant to the President Henry C. Cashen II
    Deputy Press Secretary Neal Ball
    Deputy Director of Communications for the Executive Branch Ken W. Clawson
    Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren
    Personal Secretary to the President Rose Mary Woods
    Special Assistant to the President Desmond J. Barker Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President George T. Bell
    Special Assistant to the President Patrick J. Buchanan
    Special Assistant to the President Michael J. Farrell
    Special Assistant to the President Max L. Friedersdorf
    Special Assistant to the President William L. Gifford
    Special Assistant to the President Mark I. Goode
    Special Assistant to the President Wallace H. Johnson
    Special Assistant to the President Daniel T. Kingsley
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President Jonathan C. Rose
    Special Assistant to the President William L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former Presidents Robert L. Schulz
    Special Assistant to the President Ronald H. Walker
    Staff Director for Mrs. Nixon Constance Stuart
    Social Secretary Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Executive Clerk Noble Melencamp
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 53.
    Source: US Government Manual 1972 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1973–1974
    Counselor to the President Anne L. Armstrong
    Counselor to the President Bryce N. Harlow
    Counselor to the President for Domestic Affairs Melvin R. Laird
    Assistant to the President Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the President Peter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the President Gen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr., USA (Ret.)
    Special Advisor to the President John B. Connally
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs William E. Timmons
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler
    Counsel to the President Leonard Garment
    Special Consultant to the President Raymond K. Price Jr.
    Military Assistant to the President Brig. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Special Assistant to the President William J. Baroody Jr.
    Special Counsel to the President Richard A. Moore
    Special Counsel to the President J. Fred Buzhardt, Interim
    Special Consultant to the President Patrick J. Buchanan
    Special Consultant to the President Charles J. DiBona
    Deputy Assistant to the President John Charles Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Tom C. Korologos
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Max I. Friedersdorf
    Executive Assistant and Personal Secretary to the President Rose Mary Woods
    Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren
    Deputy Press Secretary Ken W. Clawson
    Deputy Press Secretary Andrew T. Falkiewicz
    Special Assistant to the President Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Wilburn Eugene Ainsworth Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Michael J. Farrell
    Special Assistant to the President Lyndon K. Allin
    Special Assistant to the President Stephen B. Bull
    Deputy Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Special Assistant to the President David R. Gergen
    Special Assistant to the President W. Richard Howard
    Special Assistant to the President Lee W. Huebner
    Special Assistant to the President Jerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President Bruce A. Kehrll
    Special Assistant to the President Stanley S. Scott
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs James M. Sparling Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frederick L. Webber
    Social Secretary Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the President Maj. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 42.
    Source: US Government Manual 1973 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Gerald Ford, 1974–1975
    Counselor to the President Anne L. Armstrong
    Counselor to the President Dean Burch
    Counselor to the President Robert T. Hartmann
    Counselor to the President John O. Marsh Jr.
    Counselor to the President for Economic Policy Kenneth Rush
    Assistant to the President Roy L. Ash
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Kenneth R. Cole Jr.
    Assistant to the President Gen. Alexander M. Haig Jr., USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the President William E. Timmons
    Counsel to the President Philip W. Buchen
    Press Secretary to the President J. F. TerHorst
    Special Consultant to the President William J. Baroody Jr.
    Military Assistant to the President Maj. Gen. Richard L. Lawson, USAF
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Andrew T. Falkiewicz
    Deputy Assistant to the President Max L. Friedersdorf
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President John W. Hushen
    Deputy Assistant to the President Sidney L. Jones
    Deputy Assistant to the President Tom C. Korologos
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Special Assistant to the President Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President Wilburn Eugene Ainsworth Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Fernando E. C. De Baca
    Assistant Press Secretary Thomas P. Decair
    Special Assistant to the President Roland L. Elliott
    Special Assistant to the President David R. Gergen
    Special Assistant to the President William Henkel Jr.
    Assistant Press Secretary to the President James R. Holland
    Special Assistant to the President David C. Hoopes
    Special Assistant to the President Jerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President Lt. Col. George A. Joulwan, USA
    Special Assistant to the President Vernon C. Loen
    Special Assistant to the President Charles M. Lichenstein
    Special Assistant to the President Theodore C. Marrs
    Special Assistant to the President Paul A. Miltich
    Special Assistant to the President John E. Nidecker
    Special Assistant to the President Patrick E. O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President Terrence O'Donnell
    Appointments Secretary to the President Warren S. Rustand
    Special Assistant to the President Stanley S. Scott
    Special Assistant to the President W. J. Usery Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President David J. Wimer
    Social Secretary Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Director, Office of Presidential Messages Eliska A. Hasek
    Deputy Staff Secretary to the President David C. Hoopes
    Personal Photographer to the President David Hume Kennerly
    Personal Assistant to the President Mildred V. Leonard
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House) Charles Leppert Jr.
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Patrick E. O'Donnell
    Aide to the President Terrence O'Donnell
    Assistant Press Secretary John W. Roberts
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the President Russell A. Rourke
    Director, Scheduling Office Warren S. Rustand
    Assistant Press Secretary (Foreign Affairs) Edward J. Savage
    Assistant Press Secretary Larry M. Speakes
    Director, Research Office Agnes M. Waldron
    Deputy Director, Office of Public Liaison Donald A. Webster
    Deputy Director, Presidential Personnel Office M. Alan Woods
    Social Secretary Nancy Ruwe
    Press Secretary to the First Lady Sheila Rabb Weidenfeld
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 63.
    Source: US Government Manual 1974 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Gerald Ford, 1975–1976
    Counsel to the President Philip W. Buchen
    Counselor to the President Robert T. Hartmann
    Assistant to the President Henry A. Kissinger
    Counselor to the President John O. Marsh Jr.
    Assistant to the President Donald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Management and Budget James T. Lynn
    Press Secretary to the President Ronald H. Nessen
    Assistant to the President for Economic Affairs L. William Seidman
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs James M. Cannon
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison William J. Baroody Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Max. L. Friedersdorf
    Counsel to the President Roderick M. Hills
    Deputy Assistant to the President Richard B. Cheney
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President William I. Greener Jr.
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President John W. Hushen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Counsel to the President William E. Casselman II
    Special Consultant to the President Robert A. Goldwin
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Gerald L. Warren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Vernon C. Loen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) William T. Kendall
    Secretary to the Cabinet James E. Connor
    Special Assistant to the President for Hispanic Affairs Fernando E.C. De Baca
    Staff Secretary to the President Jerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Virginia H. Knauer
    Military Assistant to the President Capt. Leland S. Kollmorgen, USN
    Associate Counsel to the President Kenneth A. Lazarus
    Associate Counsel to the President James A. Wilderotter
    Special Assistant to the President for Women Patricia S. Lindh
    Special Assistant to the President for Human Resources Theodore C. Marrs
    Special Assistant to the President for Minority Affairs Stanley S. Scott
    Executive Editor, Editorial Office Paul A. Theis
    Special Assistant to the President for Labor-Management Negotiations W. J. Usery Jr.
    Director, Presidential Personnel Office William N. Walker
    Assistant Press Secretary to the President Margareta E. White
    Deputy Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the President Gwen A. Anderson
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House) Douglas P. Bennett
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the President John T. Calkins
    Director, Advance Office Byron M. Cavaney Jr.
    Assistant Press Secretary (Domestic Affairs) John G. Carlson
    Assistant Press Secretary to the President Thomas P. Decair
    Associate Counsel Dudley H. Chapman
    Personal Secretary to the President Dorothy E. Downton
    Director, Correspondence Office Roland L. Elliott
    Director, Office of White House Visitors Michael J. Farrell
    Deputy Editor, Editorial Office Milton A. Friedman
    Director, Office of Presidential Messages Eliska A. Hasek
    Deputy Staff Secretary to the President David C. Hoopes
    Personal Photographer to the President David Hume Kennerly
    Personal Assistant to the President Mildred V. Leonard
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House) Charles Leppert Jr.
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Patrick E. O'Donnell
    Aide to the President Terrence O'Donnell
    Assistant Press Secretary John W. Roberts
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the President Russell A. Rourke
    Director, Scheduling Office Warren S. Rustand
    Assistant Press Secretary Larry M. Speakes
    Director, Research Office Agnes M. Waldron
    Deputy Director, Office of the Public Liaison Donald A. Webster
    Deputy Director, Presidential Personnel Office M. Alan Woods
    Social Secretary Nancy Ruwe
    Press Secretary to the First Lady Sheila Rabb Weidenfeld
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 65.
    Source: US Government Manual 1975 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Gerald Ford, 1976–1977
    Counsel to the President Philip W. Buchen
    Counselor to the President Robert T. Hartmann
    Counselor to the President John O. Marsh Jr.
    Assistant to the President Richard B. Cheney
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison William J. Baroody Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs James M. Cannon
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Max L. Friedersdorf
    Assistant to the President for Management and Budget James T. Lynn
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President for Economic Affairs L. William Seidman
    Press Secretary to the President Ronald H. Nessen
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President John G. Carlson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs James H. Cavanaugh
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Urban Affairs Arthur A. Fletcher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Affairs William F. Gorog
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William G. Hyland
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Charles Leppert Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) William T. Kendall
    Deputy Counsel to the President Edward C. Schmults
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Staff Secretary to the President James E. Connor
    Special Consultant to the President Robert A. Goldwin
    Director, Presidential Personnel Office Douglas P. Bennett
    Special Assistant to the President for Minority Affairs John C. Calhoun
    Special Assistant to the President Byron M. Cavaney Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Milton A. Friedman
    Special Counsel to the President David R. Gergen
    Special Assistant to the President for Women Maj. Gen. Jeanne M. Holm, USAF (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President Jerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Virginia H. Knauer
    Military Assistant to the President Capt. Leland S. Kollmorgen, USN
    Special Assistant to the President for Ethnic Affairs Myron B. Kuropas
    Associate Counsel to the President Kenneth A. Lazarus
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Stephen G. McConahey
    Special Assistant to the President for Human Resources Theodore C. Marrs
    Special Assistant to the President Robert Orden
    Special Counsel to the President Michael Raoul-Duval
    Assistant Press Secretary to the President Larry M. Speakes
    Assistant Press Secretary to the President Margareta E. White
    Editor, Presidential Messages and Research Gwen A. Anderson
    Director, Press Advance Office Douglass C. Blaser
    Personal Secretary to the President Dorothy E. Downton
    Director, Correspondence Office Roland L. Elliott
    Director, Office of White House Visitors Michael J. Farrell
    Director, Office of Presidential Messages Eliska A. Hasek
    Director, Office of Presidential Spokesmen Warren K. Hendriks Jr.
    Deputy Staff Secretary to the President David C. Hoopes
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Joseph S. Jenckes V
    Associate Counsel Barbara G. Kilberg
    Personal Photographer of the President David Hume Kennerly
    Personal Assistant to the President Mildred V. Leonard
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House) Thomas L. Loeffler
    Director, Research Office Charles H. McCall
    Deputy Director, Presidential Personnel Office Peter M. McPherson
    Director, Scheduling Office William W. Nicholson
    Aide to the President Terrence O'Donnell
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House) J. Patrick Rowland
    Executive Secretary, Economic Policy Board Roger B. Porter
    Assistant Press Secretary John W. Roberts
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the President Russell A. Rourke
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Robert K. Wolthuis
    Social Secretary Maria Downs
    Press Secretary to the First Lady Sheila Rabb Weidenfeld
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 65.
    Source: US Government Manual 1976 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1977–1978
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Zbigniew Brzezinski
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Margaret Constanza
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Policy Stuart E. Eizenstat
    Assistant to the President Hamilton Jordan
    Counsel to the President Robert J. Lipshutz
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Liaison Frank B. Moore
    Assistant to the President for Reorganization Richard A. Pettigrew
    Press Secretary to the President Joseph L. Powell
    Assistant to the President James R. Schlesinger
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Jack H. Watson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph W. Aragon
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Issues Peter G. Bourne
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration Hugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Budget and Organization Richard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the President for Media and Public Affairs Barry Jagoda
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel James B. King
    Special Assistant to the President for Appointments Timothy E. Kraft
    Special Assistant to the President for Special Projects Martha M. Mitchell
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Esther Peterson
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the President Susan S. Clough
    Press Secretary to the First Lady and East Wing Coordinator Mary Finch Hoyt
    Personal Assistant to the First Lady Madeline F. MacBean
    Social Secretary Gretchen Poston
    Social Assistant to the President Maxie Wells
    Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs David L. Aaron
    Deputy Assistant for Intergovernmental Affairs Lawrence A. Bailey
    Deputy Assistant Landon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) William H. Cable
    Deputy Director, Domestic Council Bertram W. Carp
    Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet Jane L. Frank
    Deputy Press Secretary Rex L. Granum
    Deputy Counsel Margaret A. McKenna
    Deputy Assistant for Public Liaison Robert A. Nastanovich
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy David M. Rubenstein
    Director, White House Projects Gregory S. Schneiders
    Deputy Associate for Congressional Affairs (Senate) Danny C. Tate
    Deputy Press Secretary Walter W. Wurfel
    Deputy Press Secretary to the First Lady Ann M. Anderson
    Senior Associate Counsel Michael H. Cardozo V
    Associate Press Secretary Walter E. Duka
    Chief Speechwriter James M. Fallows
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Projects) Leslie C. Franci
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) James C. Free
    Deputy Special Assistant for Personnel James F. Gammill Jr.
    Senior Associate Counsel Douglas B. Huron
    Staff Secretary Richard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Bruce Kirschenbaum
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Thomas M. Parham Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for Research Elizabeth A. Rainwater
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Administration) Robert K. Russell Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate) Robert Thomson
    Associate for Public Liaison S. Stephen Selig III
    Deputy Assistant for Policy Analysis Mark A. Siegel
    Deputy Special Assistant for Appointments Timothy G. Smith
    Director of Scheduling Frances M. Voorde
    Associate Counsel Patrick Apodaca
    Associate Press Secretary Patricia Y. Bario
    Director of Projects/Issues/Research for the First Lady Kathryn E. Cade
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Operations) Michael Cushing
    Speechwriter Jerome H. Doolittle
    Associate Press Secretary William Drummond
    Appointments Secretary to the First Lady Jane S. Fenderson
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Financial, Regulatory, Legal Agencies) Lisbeth K. Godley
    Associate Special Assistant for Appointments J. William Heckman Jr.
    Speechwriter Achsah P. Nesmith
    Deputy Special Assistant for Media and Public Affairs Richard M. Neustadt
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Advisory Boards and NonSalaried Appointments) Peggy E. Rainwater
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Human Services, International Transportation) Diana Rock
    Associate Press Secretary Jerrold Schecter
    Deputy Staff Secretary William D. Simon
    Speechwriter Griffin Smith Jr.
    Director, Research Office Stephen M. Travis
    Editor, News Summary Claudia M. Townsend
    Coordinator, Visitors Office Nancy A. Willing
    Director of Advance Ellis A. Woodward
    Director, White House Military Office Warren L. Gulley
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 80.
    Source: US Government Manual 1977 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1978–1979
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Zbigniew Brzezinski
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Margaret Constanza
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs and Policy Stuart E. Eizenstat
    Assistant to the President Hamilton Jordan
    Assistant to the President Timothy E. Kraft
    Counsel to the President Robert J. Lipshutz
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Liaison Frank B. Moore
    Assistant to the President for Reorganization Richard A. Pettigrew
    Press Secretary to the President Joseph L. Powell
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Jack H. Watson Jr.
    Assistant to the President Anne Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President Joseph W. Aragon
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Issues Peter G. Bourne
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration Hugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Information Management Richard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the President for Media and Public Affairs Barry Jagoda
    Special Assistant to the President for Special Projects Martha M. Mitchell
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Esther Peterson
    Appointments Secretary to the President Phillip J. Wise Jr.
    Counselor to the President on Aging Nelson Cruikshank
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the President Susan S. Clough
    Press Secretary to the First Lady and East Wing Coordinator Mary Finch Hoyt
    Personal Assistant to the First Lady Madeline F. MacBean
    Social Secretary Gretchen Poston
    Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs David L. Aaron
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President Landon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) William H. Cable
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy Bertram W. Carp
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President Michael H. Chanin
    Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet Jane L. Frank
    Deputy Press Secretary Rex L. Granun
    Deputy Counsel Margaret A. McKenna
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy David M. Rubenstein
    Director, White House Projects Gregory S. Schneiders
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate) Danny C. Tate
    Deputy Assistant for Public Liaison Seymour Wishman
    Deputy Press Secretary Walter W. Wurfel
    Director, White House Military Office Marvin L. Beaman Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Robert G. Beckel
    Senior Associate Counsel Michael H. Cardozo V
    Chief Speechwriter James M. Fallows
    Appointments Secretary to the First Lady Jane S. Fenderson
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Projects) Leslie C. Francis
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) James C. Free
    Director of the Presidential Personnel Office James F. Gammill Jr.
    Director, White House Operations Valerio L. Giannini
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Lawrence D. Gilson
    Senior Associate Counsel Douglas B. Huron
    Staff Secretary Richard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Bruce Kirschenbaum
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for Research Elizabeth A. Rainwater
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison Robert K. Russell Jr.
    Deputy Assistant S. Stephen Selig III
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate) Robert Thomson
    Associate Press Secretary Claudia M. Townsend
    Deputy Appointments Secretary Frances M. Voorde
    Counsel to the Intelligence Oversight Board Burton V. Wides
    Deputy Press Secretary to the First Lady Ann M. Anderson
    Associate Counsel Patrick Apodaca
    Associate Press Secretary Patricia Y. Bario
    Editor, News Summary Patricia E. Bauer
    Director of Projects/Issues/Research for the First Lady Kathryn E. Cade
    Director, Office of Presidential Messages Eliska Hasek Coolidge
    Speechwriter Jerome H. Doolittle
    Associate Press Secretary Marc T. Henderson
    Special Assistant to the Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy Joanne K. Hurley
    Speechwriter Achsah P. Nesmith
    Associate Director, Presidential Personnel Office Peggy E. Rainwater
    Associate Director, Presidential Personnel Office Diana Rock
    Associate Press Secretary Jerrold Schecter
    Speechwriter Griffin Smith Jr.
    Director, Visitors Office Nancy A. Willing
    Director of Advance Ellis A. Woodward
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 77.
    Source: US Government Manual 1978 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1979–1980
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Zbigniew Brzezinski
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs Stuart E. Eizenstat
    Assistant to the President Hamilton Jordan
    Advisor to the President on Inflation Alfred E. Kahn
    Assistant to the President Timothy E. Kraft
    Counsel to the President Robert J. Lipshutz
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Liaison Frank B. Moore
    Assistant to the President for Reorganization Richard A. Pettigrew
    Press Secretary to the President Joseph L. Powell
    Assistant to the President for Communications Gerald M. Rafshoon
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Jack H. Watson Jr.
    Assistant to the President Anne Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration Hugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Information Management Richard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the President Louis E. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Esther Peterson
    Special Assistant to the President Sarah C. Weddington
    Appointments Secretary to the President Phillip J. Wise Jr.
    Counselor to the President on Aging Nelson H. Cruikshank
    Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs David L. Aaron
    Deputy Press Secretary Patricia Y. Bario
    Deputy Assistant to the President Landon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) William H. Cable
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy Bertram W. Carp
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President Michael H. Chanin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet Eugene Eidenberg
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison Coordination Leslie C. Francis
    Deputy Press Secretary Rex L. Granum
    Deputy Assistant for Political Liaison Joel McCleary
    Deputy Counsel Margaret A. McKenna
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy David M. Rubenstein
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President for Communications Gregory S. Schneiders
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate) Danny C. Tate
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Robert G. Beckel
    Senior Associate Counsel Michael H. Cardozo V
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the President Susan S. Clough
    Associate for Congressional Liaison Coordination James M. Copeland Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) James C. Free
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Lawrence D. Gilson
    Deputy Assistant for Political Liaison Richard Hernandez
    Press Secretary to the First Lady and Staff Coordinator Mary Finch Hoyt
    Senior Associate Counsel Douglas B. Huron
    Staff Secretary Richard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Bruce Kirschenbaum
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Robert W. Maher
    Director of the Presidential Personnel Office Arnie Miller
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for Research Elizabeth A. Rainwater
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison Robert K. Russell Jr.
    Deputy Assistant (Jordan) S. Stephen Selig III
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Terrence D. Straub
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate) Robert Thomson
    Deputy Appointments Secretary Frances M. Voorde
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-Military Office Marvin L. Beaman Jr.
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration Valerio L. Giannini
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-White House Operations Daniel Malachuk Jr.
    Personal Assistant to the First Lady Madeline F. MacBean
    Social Secretary Gretchen Poston
    Deputy Director of the Presidential Personnel Office Harley Frankel
    Associate Assistant (Wexler) Jane D. Hartley
    Chief Speechwriter Hendrik Hertzberg
    Counsel to the Intelligence Oversight Board Gilbert L. Kujovich
    Associate Press Secretary Marc T. Henderson
    Special Assistant to the Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy Joanne K. Hurley
    Director, Office of Presidential Messages Eliska Hasek Coolidge
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President Thomas V. Beard
    Director of Projects for the First Lady Kathryn E. Cade
    Director of Community Liaison (First Lady) Jane S. Fenderson
    Director of Advance Ellis A. Woodward
    Director, Visitors Office Nancy A. Willing
    Deputy Press Secretary (First Lady) Faith A. Collins
    Editor, News Summary Patricia E. Bauer
    Curator Clement E. Conger
    Chief Executive Clerk Robert D. Linder
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 76.
    Source: US Government Manual 1979 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1980–1981
    Assistant to the President Hamilton Jordan
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Zbigniew Brzezinski
    Counsel to the President Lloyd N. Cutler
    Staff Director for the First Lady Edith J. Dobelle
    Senior Adviser to the President Hedley Donovan
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs and Policy Stuart E. Eizenstat
    Advisor to the President on Inflation Alfred E. Kahn
    Assistant to the President and Staff Director Alonzo Lowry McDonald Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Congressional Liaison Frank B. Moore
    Press Secretary to the President Joseph L. Powell
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President on Intergovernmental Affairs Jack H. Watson Jr.
    Assistant to the President Sarah. C. Weddington
    Assistant to the President Anne Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President for Ethnic Affairs Stephen R. Aiello
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration Hugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Information Management Richard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the President C. Ray Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President Louis E. Martin
    Special Advisor to the President Alfred H. Moses
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs Esther Peterson
    Special Assistant to the President for Hispanic Affairs Esteban E. Torres
    Appointments Secretary to the President Phillip J. Wise Jr.
    Counselor to the President on Aging Harold L. Sheppard
    Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs David L. Aaron
    Deputy Press Secretary Patricia Y. Bario
    Deputy Assistant to the President Landon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) William H. Cable
    Deputy Counsel Michael H. Cardozo V
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy Bertram W. Carp
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President Michael H. Chanin
    Deputy Appointments Secretary Robert H. Dunn
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs And Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet Eugene Eidenberg
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Coordination) James M. Copeland Jr.
    Deputy Press Secretary Rex L. Granum
    Deputy Counsel Joseph N. Onek
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy David M. Rubinstein
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate) Danny C. Tate
    Deputy Assistant to the President William E. Albers
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Robert G. Beckel
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the President Susan C. Free
    Deputy Assistant for Political Liaison Richard Hernandez
    Chief Speechwriter Hendrik Hertzberg
    Press Secretary to the First Lady Mary Finch Hoyt
    Senior Associate Counsel Douglas B. Huron
    Staff Secretary Richard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental Affairs Bruce Kirschenbaum
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Robert W. Maher
    Director of the Presidential Personnel Office Arnie Miller
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for Research Elizabeth A. Rainwater
    Deputy to the Staff Director Michael James Rowny
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison Robert K. Russell Jr.
    Associate Assistant (Wexler) John Ryor
    Deputy Assistant to the President William G. Simpson
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House) Terrence D. Straub
    Deputy Assistant to the President Linda Tarr-Whelan
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison Robert Thomson
    Deputy Appointments Secretary Frances M. Voorde
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-Military Office Marvin L. Beaman Jr.
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-White House Operations Daniel Malachuk Jr.
    Personal Assistant to the First Lady Madeline F. MacBean
    Social Secretary Gretchen Poston
    Deputy Director of the Presidential Personnel office Harley Frankel
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Coordinator) Ronna Reiberg
    Associate Assistant (Wexler) Jane D. Harley
    Deputy Chief Speechwriter Gordon C. Steward
    Counsel to the Intelligence Oversight Board James V. Dick
    Associate Press Secretary Marc T. Henderson
    Special Assistant to the Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy Kathleen A. Reid
    Director, Presidential Messages Eliska Hasek Coolidge
    Special Assistant for Hispanic Affairs Raul Robert Tapia
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President Thomas V. Beard
    Director of Projects for the First Lady Kathryn E. Cade
    Director of Scheduling (First Lady) Jane S. Fenderson
    Director, Visitors Office Nancy A. Willing
    Deputy Press Secretary (First Lady) Faith A. Collins
    Editor, News Summary Janet E. McMahon
    Curator Clement E. Conger
    Physician to the President Rear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 80.
    Source: US Government Manual 1980 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1981–1982
    Counselor to the President Edwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President James A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President Michael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Richard V. Allen
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development Martin Anderson
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James Scott Brady
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Elizabeth Hanford Dole
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Max L. Friedersdorf
    Assistant to the President and Staff Director David R. Gergen
    Assistant to the President Edwin L. Harper
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel E. Pendleton James
    Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Franklyn C. Nofziger
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Richard Salisbury Williamson
    Deputy Counselor to the President Robert M. Garrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Staff Joseph W. Canzeri
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Red Cavaney
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Richard G. Darman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Kenneth M. Duberstein
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Cabinet Administration Craig L. Fuller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Policy Development Edwin J. Gray
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support Services Edward V. Hickey Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Francis S. M. Hodsoll
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Alan F. Holmer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Staff for the First Lady Peter McCoy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Powell Allen Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James W. Nance
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Edward Rollins
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Karna Small Stringer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications and Director of the Office of Communications Frank A. Ursomarso
    Assistant Counselor to the President Edwin W. Thomas Jr.
    Deputy Counselor to the President Herbert E. Ellingwood
    Deputy Counsel to the President Richard A. Hauser
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Larry M. Speakes
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Douglas Leighton Bandow
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Aram Bakshian Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President Richard Smith Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Morton C. Blackwell
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Robert F. Bonitati
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison John F. Burgess
    Special Assistant to the President David C. Fischer
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Kevin Randall Hopkins
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Special Support Services Dennis E. Leblanc
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Diana L. Lozano
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs J. Steven Rhodes
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Judy F. Peachee
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration John F.W. Rogers
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Advance Office Stephen M. Studdert
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Wayne H. Valis
    Special Assistant to the President Helene A. Von Damm
    Special Assistant for Scheduling Gregory Newell
    Curator Clement E. Conger
    Physician to the President Daniel Ruge, MD
    Chief Usher Rex W. Scouten
    Total = 55.
    Source: US Government Manual 1981 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1982–1983
    Counselor to the President Edwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President James A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President Michael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William P. Clark
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Richard G. Darman
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Elizabeth H. Dole
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Kenneth M. Duberstein
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Craig L. Fuller
    Assistant to the President for Communications David R. Gergen
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development Edwin L. Harper
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support Services Edward V. Hickey Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel E. Pendleton James
    Deputy Counselor to the President James E. Jenkins
    Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Edward J. Rollins
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Richard S. Williamson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Lee Atwater
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Aram Bakshian Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Affairs Michael Baroody
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Red Cavaney
    Assistant Counselor to the President T. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Policy Information Edwin J. Gray
    Deputy Counsel to the President Richard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Alan F. Holmer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert C. McFarlane
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Deputy Chief of Staff Michael A. McManus
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) M. B. Oglesby
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy Development Roger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director of the Office of Administration John F. W. Rogers
    Deputy Assistant to the President James S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary to the President Larry M. Speakes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Relations and Planning Karna Small Stringer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Charles P. Tyson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Helene A. Von Damm
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Lyndon K. Allin
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Planning and Evaluation Richard S. Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for Communications Joanna E. Bistany
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Morton C. Blackwell
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Danny J. Boggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Robert F. Bonitati
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Wendy H. Borcherdt
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin B. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Deputy Director Of the Office of Public Liaison John F. Burgess
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Robert B. Carleson
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff James W. Cicconi
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Sherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief Speechwriter Anthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John D. Dressendorfer
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet Affairs Becky Norton Dunlop
    Personal Photographer to the President Michael A. W. Evans
    Special Assistant to the President David C. Fischer
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Wendell W. Gunn
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Kevin R. Hopkins
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Robert J. Kabel
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Special Support Services Dennis E. Leblanc
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Deputy Director of the Office of Public Liaison Diana Lozano
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs A. Morgan Mason
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs James M. Medas
    Special Assistant to the President for Private Sector Initiatives J. Upsher Moorhead
    Special Assistant to the President for International Affairs Rick Neal
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Gregory J. Newell
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy J. Risque
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs J. Steven Rhodes
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Peter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Paul A. Russo
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John F. Scruggs
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Staff William J. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance Stephen M. Studdert
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David L. Swanson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Robert J. Thomson
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff Margaret D. Tutwiler
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael M. Uhlmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Wayne H. Valis
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David L. Wright
    Total = 78.
    Source: US Government Manual 1982 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1983–1984
    Counselor to the President Edwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President James A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President Michael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William P. Clark
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Richard G. Darman
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Kenneth M. Duberstein
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Craig L. Fuller
    Assistant to the President for Communications David R. Gergen
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development Edwin L. Harper
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel John S. Herrington
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support Services Edward V. Hickey Jr.
    Deputy Counselor to the President James E. Jenkins
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Deputy Chief of Staff Michael A. McManus
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of Administration John F.W. Rogers
    Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Edward J. Rollins
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Lee Verstandig
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Faith Ryan Whittlesey
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Lee Atwater
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Aram Bakshian Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Affairs Michael Baroody
    Assistant Counselor to the President T. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Becky Norton Dunlop
    Deputy Counsel to the President Richard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert C. McFarlane
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Rich J. Neal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) M. B. Oglesby
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy Development Roger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the President James S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary to the President Larry M. Speakes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Relations and Planning Karna Small Stringer
    Deputy Assistant to the President Legislative Affairs (Senate) Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Charles P. Tyson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Jonathan Vipond III
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Lyndon K. Allin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Normal A. Bailey
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Affairs Pamela G. Bailey
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Richard S. Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for Communications Joanna E. Bistany
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Morton C. Blackwell
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Cabinet Council on Management and Administration Ralph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Danny J. Boggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin B. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Judith A. Buckalew
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Robert B. Carleson
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff James W. Cicconi
    Associate Counsel to the President Sherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President for Private Sector Initiatives James K. Coyne
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Randall E. Davis
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief Speechwriter Anthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John H. Dressendorfer
    Personal Photographer to the President Michael A. W. Evans
    Special Assistant to the President David C. Fischer
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Donald R. Fortier
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Robert R. Gleason
    Associate Counsel to the President Harold P. Goldfield
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Wendell W. Gunn
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Edmund S. Hawley
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance William Henkel
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Kevin R. Hopkins
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs C. A. Howlett
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Mary Jo Jacobi
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Dee Ann Jepsen
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Robert J. Kabel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Geoffrey T. H. Kemp
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert M. Kimmitt
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Ronald F. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Presidential Messages Mary Jo T. Livingston
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs James M. Medas
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Walter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy J. Risque
    Associate Counsel to the President John G. Roberts Jr.
    Deputy Press Secretary to the President Peter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison John H. Rousselot
    Associate Counsel to the President Peter J. Rusthoven
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Frederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John F. Scruggs
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gaston J. Sigur Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert B. Sims
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Staff William F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David L. Swanson
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy Carlton E. Turner
    Special Assistant to the President Robert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff Margaret D. Tutwiler
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael M. Uhlmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Catalina Villalpando
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President David B. Waller
    Associate Counsel to the President D. Edward Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David L. Wright
    Total = 92.
    Source: US Government Manual 1983 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1984–1985
    Counselor to the President Edwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President James A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President Michael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James S. Brady
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Richard G. Darman
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Craig L. Fuller
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel John S. Herrington
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support Services Edward V. Hickey Jr.
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert C. McFarlane
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Deputy Chief of Staff Michael A. McManus
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs M. B. Oglesby
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of Administration John F. W. Rogers
    Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary Larry M. Speakes
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development John A. Svahn
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Lee Verstandig
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Faith Ryan Whittlesey
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Affairs Michael Baroody
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Planning and Evaluation Bruce Chapman
    Assistant Counselor to the President T. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Frank J. Donatelli
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Becky Norton Dunlop
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Bently T. Elliott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Donald R. Fortier
    Deputy Counsel to the President Richard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Presidential Advance Office William Henkel
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development Charles D. Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert M. Kimmitt
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Rick J. Neal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs John M. Poindexter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy Development Roger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the President James S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director, Public Affairs, National Security Council Karna Small
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) W. Dennis Thomas
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Pamela J. Turner
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Communications Planning Pamela G. Bailey
    Special Assistant to the President Richard S. Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Ralph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Marshall J. Breger
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Judith A. Buckalew
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff James W. Cicconi
    Associate Counsel to the President Sherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President for Private Sector Initiatives James K. Coyne
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Randall E. Davis
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Kenneth E. Degraffenreid
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief Speechwriter Anthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Thomas R. Donnelly Jr.
    Personal Photographer to the President Michael A. W. Evans
    Special Assistant to the President David C. Fisher
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic Affairs Max Marlin Fitzwater
    Associate Counsel to the President H. Lawrence Garret III
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Robert R. Gleason
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Wendell W. Gunn
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Edmund S. Hawley
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs C. A. Howlett
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John M. Hudson
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Mary Jo Jacobi
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Robert J. Kabel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Geoffrey T. H. Kemp
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Christopher M. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Ronald F. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Burleigh C. W. Leonard
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Presidential Messages Mary Jo T. Livingston
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William F. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Jack F. Matlock Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Constantine C. Menges
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Richard H. Prendergast
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Walter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Douglas A. Riggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy J. Risque
    Associate Counsel to the President John G. Roberts Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Policy William L. Roper
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Peter H. Roussel
    Associate Counsel to the President Peter J. Rushover
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Frederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gaston J. Sigur Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign Affairs Robert B. Sims
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Staff William F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Media Relations Merrie Spaeth
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy Carlton E. Turner
    Special Assistant to the President Robert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff Margaret D. Tutwiler
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael M. Uhlmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Catalina V. Villalpando
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President David B. Waller
    Associate Counsel to the President Wendell L. Wilkie
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David L. Wright
    Total = 91.
    Source: US Government Manual 1984 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1985–1986
    Chief of Staff to the President Donald T. Regan
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James Scott Brady
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Patrick J. Buchanan
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President and Legislative Strategy Coordinator Max L. Friedersdorf
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support Services Edward V. Hickey Jr.
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert C. McFarlane
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs M. B. Oglesby
    Assistant to the President for Political and Governmental Affairs Edward J. Rollins
    Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary Larry M. Speakes
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development John A. Svahn
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Planning and Evaluation Bruce Chapman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Liaison Linda Chavez
    Staff Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the President David L. Chew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Mitchell E. Daniels Jr.
    Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff and Deputy Assistant to the President Thomas C. Dawson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Bently T. Elliott
    Deputy Assistant to the President or National Security Affairs Donald R. Fortier
    Deputy Counsel to the President Richard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Presidential Advance Office William Henkel
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Administration Christopher Hicks
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development Charles D. Hobbs
    Cabinet Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the President Alfred H. Kingon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Alan M. Kranowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs William B. Lacy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Vice Adm. John M. Poindexter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy Development Roger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the President James S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President Frederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for Public Affairs, National Security Council Karna Small
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy Carlton E. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senator) Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Robert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Ronald L. Alvarado
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Public Liaison Linda L. Arey
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Haley Barbour
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Cabinet Council Ralph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic Affairs Albert R. Brashear
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Marshal J. Breger
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Helen R. Cameron
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Associate Counsel to the President Sherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James P. Covey
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief Speechwriter Anthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Thomas Donnelly Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Henry M. Gandy
    Associate Counsel to the President H. Lawrence Garrett III
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Bryce L. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John M. Hudson
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Mary Jo Jacobi
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President James F. Kuhn
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Christopher M. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Ronald F. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frederick D. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William F. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs John F. Matlock Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Constantine C. Menges
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Speechwriting Margaret Noonan
    Associate Counsel to the President Deborah K. Owen
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Richard Prendergast
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Walter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Robert R. Reilly
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy J. Risque
    Associate Counsel to the President John G. Roberts Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Policy William L. Roper
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Peter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gaston J. Sigur Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Policy Development Paul B. Simmons
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign Affairs Robert B. Sims
    Physician to the President T. Burton Smith, MD
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Catalina Villalpando
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President David B. Waller
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Lyn M. Withey
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance James L. Hooley
    Total = 78.
    Source: US Government Manual 1985 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1986–1987
    Chief of Staff to the President Donald T. Regan
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James S. Brady
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Patrick J. Buchanan
    Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental Affairs Mitchell E. Daniels Jr.
    Counsel to the President Peter J. Wallison
    Assistant to the President William Henkel
    Cabinet Secretary and Assistant to the President Alfred H. Kingon
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs William L. Ball III
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Vice Adm. John M. Poindexter, USA
    Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary Larry M. Speakes
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development John A. Svahn
    Assistant to the President W. Dennis Thomas
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Jack L. Courtemanche
    Staff Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the President David L. Chew
    Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff and Deputy Assistant to the President Thomas C. Dawson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Bently T. Elliott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Donald R. Fortier
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development Charles D. Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Gwendolyn S. King
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Alan M. Kranowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs William L. Lacy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Ronald F. Lehman II
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Liaison Mari Maseng
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Administration Jonathan S. Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Richard P. Riley
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy J. Risque
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Peter W. Rodman
    Deputy Assistant to the President, Director of Presidential Appointments and Scheduling, and Director of Private Sector Initiatives Frederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director, Public Affairs, National Security Council Karna Small
    Deputy Counsel to the President Jay B. Stephens
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy Carlton E. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Robert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Carl A. Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of the Office of Public Liaison Linda L. Arey
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Haley Barbour
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Ralph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Television Office Elizabeth I. Board
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David A. Bockorny
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic Affairs Albert R. Brashear
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Merlin P. Breaux
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Raymond F. Burghardt
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Cabinet Affairs Donald A. Clarey
    Special Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental Affairs Cecilia Cole-McInturff
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James P. Covey
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President C. Christopher Cox
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen I. Danzansky
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Kenneth E. Degraffenreid
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign Affairs Edward P. Djerejian
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief Speechwriter Anthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs J. Edward Fox
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Public Affairs Thomas F. Gibson III
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance James L. Hooley
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John M. Hudson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Linas J. Kojelis
    Associate Counsel to the President Robert M. Kruger
    Special Assistant to the President James F. Kuhn
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert E. Linhard
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frederick D. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Executive Secretary of the National Security Council Rodney B. McDaniel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William F. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Jack F. Matlock Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Economic Policy Council Eugene J. McAllister
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Constantine C. Menges
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Speechwriting Margaret Noonan
    Special Assistant to the President Kathleen Osborne
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Richard Prendergast
    Associate Counsel to the President Alan Charles Raul
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Walter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media Relations Susan Mathis Richard
    Associate Counsel to the President John G. Roberts Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Policy William L. Roper
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Peter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James A. Kelly
    Physician to the President T. Burton Smith, MD
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John C. Tuck
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Research Agnes M. Waldron
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Lyn M. Withey
    Total = 83
    Source: US Government Manual 1986 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1987–1988
    Chief of Staff to the President Howard H. Baker Jr.
    Deputy Chief of Staff Kenneth M. Duberstein
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs William L. Ball III
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development Gary L. Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Frank C. Carlucci
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs T. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Counsel to the President Arthur B. Culvahouse Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Operations Rhett B. Dawson
    Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental Affairs Frank J. Donatelli
    Assistant to the President for Press Relations M. Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President for Communications and Planning Thomas Griscom
    Assistant to the President William Henkel
    Assistant to the President Charles Hobbs
    Cabinet Secretary and Assistant to the President Nancy J. Risque
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Jack L. Courtemanche
    Staff Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the President David L. Chew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Anthony Dolan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Gwendolyn S. King
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Alan M. Kranowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs Franklin L. Lavin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Liaison Mari Maseng
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration (Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Lt. Gen. Colin L. Powell, USA
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Richard P. Riley
    Deputy Assistant to the President, Director of Presidential Appointments And Scheduling, and Director of Private Sector Initiatives Frederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Deputy Counsel to the President Jay B. Stephens
    Deputy Special Counselor to the President William B. Lytton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John C. Tuck
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Robert H. Tuttle
    Deputy Assistant to the President, Office of the Chief of Staff Danny L. Crippen
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Carl A. Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Public Liaison Linda L. Arey
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Leslye A. Arsht
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Cristena L. Bach
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Judy A. Black
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Ralph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Television Office Elizabeth I. Board
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David A. Bockorny
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic Affairs Albert R. Brashear
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Cabinet Affairs (Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William A. Cockell Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Herman J. Cohen
    Special Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental Affairs Lisa Stoltenberg
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President C. Christopher Cox
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Director, Economic Division Donald A. Danner
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen I. Danzansky
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert W. Dean
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Fritz W. Ermarth
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Alison B. Fortier
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Public Affairs Thomas F. Gibson III
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Executive Secretary of the National Security Council Grant S. Green Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Bryce L. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance James L. Hooley
    Physician to the President Col. John E. Hutton Jr., MD, MC, USA
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs David Barry Kelly
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James A. Kelly
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Linas J. Kojelis
    Associate Counsel to the President Robert M. Kruger
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison James F. Kuhn
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration and Deputy Director of the Office of Administration Charles M. Kupperman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert E. Linhard
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy and Director of the White House Drug Abuse Policy Office Donald Ian McDonald
    Associate Counsel to the President C. Dean McGrath
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Economic Policy Council Eugene J. McAllister
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert B. Oakley
    Special Assistant to the President Kathleen Osborne
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Richard Prendergast
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Karen Kae Rairdin
    Associate Counsel to the President Alan Charles Raul
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media Relations Susan Mathis Richard
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Peter W. Rodman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Ronald K. Sable
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Jose S. Sorzano
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Paul S. Stevens
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food Assistance Alan T. Tracy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Research Agnes M. Waldron
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Lyn M. Withey
    Total = 83.
    Source: US Government Manual 1987 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1988–1989
    Chief of Staff to the President Howard H. Baker Jr.
    Deputy Chief of Staff Kenneth M. Duberstein
    Assistant to the President for Policy Development Gary L. Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs T. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Counsel to the President Arthur B. Culvahouse Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Operations Rhett B. Dawson
    Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental Affairs Frank J. Donatelli
    Assistant to the President for Press Relations M. Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President for Communications and Planning Thomas C. Griscom
    Assistant to the President Charles Hobbs
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Alan M. Kranowitz
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Lt. Gen. Colin L. Powell
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Nancy J. Risque
    Assistant to the President, Director of Presidential Appointments and Scheduling, and Director of Private Sector Initiatives Frederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Robert H. Tuttle
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David S. Addington
    Deputy Counsel to the President Phillip D. Brady
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Jack L. Courtemanche
    Deputy Assistant to the President Dan L. Crippen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Anthony Dolan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) James W. Dyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance James L. Hooley
    Deputy Assistant to the President James F. Kuhn
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs Franklin L. Lavin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office James C. McKinney
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs John D. Negroponte
    Deputy Assistant to the President Kathleen Osborne
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Rebecca G. Range
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Administration Gordon G. Riggle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff John C. Tuck
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Pamela J. Turner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Leslye A. Arsht
    Associate Counsel to the President Michael J. Astrue
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Cristena L. Bach
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Judy A. Black
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Public Affairs Marion C. Blakey
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Ralph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Media and Broadcast Relations Elizabeth I. Board
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Economic Development Roger Bolton
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Melvin L. Bradley
    Associate Counsel to the President Patricia M. Bryan
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William A. Cockell Jr.
    Associate Counsel to the President Benedict S. Cohen
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Herman J. Cohen
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary B. Jay Cooper
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen I. Danzansky
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert W. Dean
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Nancy P. Dorn
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Michael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Juanita D. Duggan
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Alison B. Fortier
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Charles Greener
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Political Affairs Carlyle Gregory
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Bryce L. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence Anne Higgins
    Physician to the President Col. John E. Hutton Jr., MD, MC, USA
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James A. Kelly
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nancy M. Kennedy
    Associate Counsel to the President Robert M. Kruger
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Secretariat Katherine D. Ladd
    Associate Counsel to the President William J. Landers
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Nelson C. Ledskey
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert E. Linhard
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Economic Policy Council William Maroni
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy and Director of the White House Drug Abuse Policy Office Donald Ian MacDonald
    Associate Counsel to the President C. Dean McGrath
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs David M. McIntosh
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert B. Oakley
    Special Assistant to the President for White House Operations Claire M. O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Roman Popadiuk
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Karen Kae Rairdin
    Special Assistant to the President and Speech Writer Peter M. Robinson
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Peter W. Rodman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Charles N. Rostow
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Jose S. Sorzano
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Executive Secretary of the National Security Council Paul S. Stevens
    Special Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental Affairs Lisa Stoltenberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) John C. Stone
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food Assistance Alan T. Tracy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Research Agnes M. Waldron
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press Secretary Mark D. Weinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Cabinet Affairs Kay W. Woodward
    Total = 83.
    Source: US Government Manual 1988 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1989–1990
    Chief of Staff to the President John H. Sununu
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff James W. Cicconi
    Assistant to the President and Secretary to the Cabinet David Q. Bates
    Assistant to the President for Issues Analysis Richard C. Breeden
    Assistant to the President for Communications David F. Demarest Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Max Marlin Fitzwater
    Counsel to the President C. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frederick D. McClure
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration J. Bonnie Newman
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic Policy Roger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President for Special Activities and Initiatives Stephen M. Studdert
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Charles G. Untermeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Debra Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director, Office of Administration Paul W. Bateman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet Affairs Philip D. Brady
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Nicholas E. Calio
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary B. Jay Cooper
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert M. Gates
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Joseph W. Hagin II
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) E. Boyd Hollingsworth Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Ronald C. Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance John G. Keller
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Barbara G. Kilberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of National Service C. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Planning James P. Pinkerton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Roman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the President Patricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff Edward M. Rogers Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director, Office of Policy Development William L. Roper
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Susan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the President John P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Sichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Roscoe B. Starek III
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications Chriss Winston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs James Wray
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Gary J. Andres
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert D. Blackwill
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Everett E. Briggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs William Canary
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs David M. Carney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Service Paul Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Nancy P. Dorn
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Juanita Duggan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Robert A. Estrada
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food Assistance Cooper Evans
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Staff Secretary John S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Alixie R. Glen
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Martha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and Correspondence Shirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs George O. Griffith Jr.
    Total = 52.
    Source: US Government Manual 1989 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1990–1991
    Chief of Staff to the President John H. Sununu
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff James W. Cicconi
    Assistant to the President and Secretary to the Cabinet David Q. Bates
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology D. Allan Bromley
    Assistant to the President for Communications David F. Demarest Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Max Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security Affairs Robert M. Gates
    Counsel to the President C. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frederick D. McClure
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration J. Bonnie Newman
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic Policy Roger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for Public Events and Initiatives Sigmund Rogich
    Assistant to the President for National Security Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Charles G. Untermeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Debra Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director, Office of Administration Paul W. Bateman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nicholas E. Calio
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet Affairs Stephen I. Danzansky
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Joseph W. Hagin II
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) E. Boyd Hollingsworth Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Ronald C. Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance John G. Keller Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Barbara G. Kilberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of National Service C. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Planning James P. Pinkerton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Roman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Robert J. Portman
    Deputy Assistant to the President Patricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff Edward M. Rogers Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Susan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the President John P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Sichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Roscoe B. Starek III
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications and Director of Speechwriting Chriss Winston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs James Wray
    Special Assistant to the President for Communications Deborah A. Amend
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Gary J. Andres
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Robert D. Blackwill
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs William J. Canary
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of Political Affairs David M. Carney
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Paul J. Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Timothy E. Deal
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Juanita D. Duggan
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food Assistance Cooper Evans
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Stephen Farrar
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Staff Secretary John S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Alixie R. Glen
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Martha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Theresa A. Gorman
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and Correspondence Shirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs George O. Griffith Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Anne B. Gwaltney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Richard N. Haass
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Stephen T. Hart
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) John W. Howard
    Executive Secretary of the National Security Council G. Philip Hughes
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of Administration Hector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Arnold Kanter
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Virginia A. Lampley
    Physician to the President Burton Lee III, MD
    Associate Counsel to the President Lee S. Liberman
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Lawrence Lindsey
    Associate Counsel to the President Nelson Lund
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Jose Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President Timothy J. McBride
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Mary A. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Marianne McGettigan
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs David C. Miller Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Nancy F. Miller
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Jeannette L. Naylor
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Thomas F. Needles
    Associate Counsel to the President Frederick D. Nelson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frances McMurtray Norris
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Penelope Payne
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William T. Pryce
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Peter W. Rodman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Charles Nicholas Rostow
    Associate Counsel to the President Amy L. Schwartz
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) David P. Sloane
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Richard G. Tefry
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Brian K. Waidmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison R. Douglas Wead
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Economic Policy Council Olin Lewis Wethington
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William W. Working
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Domestic Policy Council Kenneth Yale
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations Rose M. Zamaria
    Total = 87.
    Source: US Government Manual 1990 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1991–1992
    Chief of Staff to the President John H. Sununu
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Philip Brady
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology D. Allan Bromley
    Assistant to the President for Communications David F. Demarest Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Max Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security Affairs Robert M. Gates
    Counsel to the President C. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President and Secretary of the Cabinet Edith E. Holiday
    Physician to the President Burton J. Lee III, MD
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frederick D. McClure
    Assistant to the President and Director, Office of National Service C. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic Policy Roger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for Public Events and Initiatives Sigmund Rogich
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Assistant to the President for Media Affairs J. Dorrance Smith
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Charles G. Untermeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Debra Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director, Office of Administration Paul W. Bateman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Gary J. Andres
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet Affairs Stephen I. Danzansky
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) James W. Dyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Ronald C. Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Bobbie G. Kilbert
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Charles E. M. Kolb
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Jeannette L. Naylor
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Planning James P. Pinkerton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Roman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the President Patricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff Edward M. Rogers Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Susan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the President John P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Sichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison Gary R. Blumenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications and Director of Speechwriting Robert Anthony Snow
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Katherine Super
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations Rose M. Zamaria
    Special Assistant to the President for Communications Deborah A. Amend
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Arnold I. Havens
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs William J. Canary
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political Affairs David M. Carney
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Paul J. Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Timothy E. Deal
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Stephen Farrar
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Staff Secretary John S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Press Advance Spencer E. Geissinger
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European and Soviet Affairs David C. Gompert
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Martha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Teresa A. Gorman
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and Correspondence Shirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs George O. Griffith Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Anne B. Gwaltney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Richard N. Haass
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Stephen T. Hart
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Edward A. Hewett
    Associate Counsel to the President Jeffrey R. Holmstead
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) John W. Howard
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of Administration Hector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary for Cabinet Liaison Michael P. Jackson
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Arnold Kanter
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Virginia A. Lampley
    Associate Counsel to the President Lee S. Liberman
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Lawrence Lindsay
    Associate Counsel to the President Nelson Lund
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Jose E. Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Mary A. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Marianne McGettigan
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Leigh Ann Metzger
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Nancy Miller
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Frances McMurtray Norris
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Douglas Paal
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance Jake L. Parmer
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nell Payne
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Domestic Policy Council Richard W. Porter
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs C. Nicholas Rostow
    Associate Counsel to the President Gene C. Schaerr
    Executive Secretary, National Security Council William F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Shawn H. Smeallie
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Judy A. Smith
    Military Assistant to the President and Director, White House Military Office Lt. Gen. Richard Tefrey, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Brian K. Waidmann
    Associate Counsel to the President Gregory S. Walden
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Economic Policy Council Olin Lewis Washington
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William W. Working
    Total = 84.
    Source: US Government Manual 1991 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1992–1993
    Chief of Staff to the President Samuel K. Skinner
    Deputy Chief of Staff to the President W. Henson Moore
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Philip D. Brady
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology D. Allan Bromley
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nicholas E. Calio
    Assistant to the President for Communications David F. Demarest Jr.
    Counselor to the President and Press Secretary Max Marlin Fitzwater
    Counsel to the President C. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President and Secretary of the Cabinet Edith E. Holiday
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Constance Horner
    Physician to the President Burton J. Lee III, MD
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Timothy J. McBride
    Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of National Service C. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic Policy Roger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for Public Events and Initiatives Sigmund Rogich
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Intergovernmental Affairs Sherrie S. Rollins
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President for Media Affairs J. Dorrance Smith
    Counselor to the President for Domestic Policy Clayton Yeutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Gary J. Andres
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison and Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food Assistance Gary R. Blumenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Legislative Affairs Joshua Bolten
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) James W. Dyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Chief of Staff D. Cameron Finlay
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office John A. Gaughan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Adm. Jonathan T. Howe, USN
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Ronald Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Bobbi G. Kilberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Charles E. M. Kolb
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Liaison Cecile B. Kremer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Leigh Ann Metzger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance Edward D. Murname
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Jeannette L. Naylor
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Roman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the President Patricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Susan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the President John P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Sichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Media Affairs Robert Anthony Snow
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Katherine Super
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development Gail R. Wilensky
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations Rose M. Zamaria
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Policy Coordinating Group J. French Hill
    Associate Counsel to the President Jeffrey R. Holmstead
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) John W. Howard
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Virginia A. Lampley
    Associate Counsel to the President Lee S. Liberman
    Associate Counsel to the President Nelson Lund
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Mary A. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Speechwriting Daniel B. McGroarty
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Kim F. McKernan
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for International Programs Thomas E. McNamara
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Nancy F. Miller
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Douglas Pal
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William T. Pryce
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs C. Nicholas Rostow
    Associate Counsel to the President Gene C. Schaerr
    Executive Secretary of the National Security Council William F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Shawn H. Smeallie
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Judy A. Smith
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs James J. Snyder
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Linda E. Tarplin
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Brian K. Waidmann
    Associate Counsel to the President Gregory S. Walden
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William W. Working
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs David J. Beightol
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Scheduling Antonio Denedi
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Paul J. Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Les T. Csorba
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Timothy E. Deal
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Gary L. Foster
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary John S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European and Soviet Affairs David C. Gompert
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Martha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs John A. Gordon
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development Teresa A. Gorman
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and Correspondence Shirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Anne B. Gwaltney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Richard N. Haass
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Arnold I. Havens
    Special Assistant to the President for Advance John F. Herrick
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Edward A. Hewett
    Total = 82.
    Source: US Government Manual 1992 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1993–1994
    Chief of Staff to the President Thomas Mack McLarty III
    Deputy Chief of Staff to the President Mark D. Gearan
    Deputy Chief of Staff to the President Roy Neel
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary John Podesta
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology John H. Gibbons
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Howard Paster
    Special Assistant to the President for Communications George Stephanopoulos
    Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers
    Counsel to the President Bernard Nussbaum
    Deputy Assistant to Clinton and Cabinet Secretary Christine A. Varney
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration David Watkins
    Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of National Service Eli J. Segal
    Special Assistant for Domestic Policy Shirley Sagawa
    Assistant for Domestic Policy Carol H. Rasco
    Economic Policy Czar Robert E. Rubin
    Deputy Assistant for Economic Policy Gene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant for Economic Policy W. Bowman Cutter
    Director of Public Liaison Alexis M. Herman
    Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Regina Montoya
    National Security Advisor Anthony Lake
    Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs Samuel Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Lorraine A. Voles
    Director of Media Affairs Jeff Eller
    Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Susan Brophy
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Rahm Emanuel
    Deputy Director of Public Liaison Doris Matsui
    Deputy Assistant for Appointments and Scheduling Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant for Legislative Affairs Lorraine Miller
    Director of Scheduling and Advance Isabelle Rodriguez Tapia
    Director of Speechwriting David Kusnet
    Chief of Staff to the First Lady Margaret A. Williams
    Deputy Counsel to the President Vince Foster
    Deputy Communications Director Ricki Seidman
    Special Assistant for Policy Coordination Bob Boorstin
    Associate Counsel Ronald Klain
    Associate Counsel Cheryl Mills
    Special Assistant for Speech Writing David Kusney
    Special Assistant for Public Liaison Mike Lux
    Special Assistant for Public Liaison Amy Zisook
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Elaine Weiss
    Assistant to the President for Communications Sara M. Pines
    Planning Director David Dreyer
    Total = 43.
    Source: US Government Manual 1993 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    Bill Clinton, 1994–1995
    Chief of Staff Leon E. Panetta
    Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy George R. Stephanopoulos
    Counselor to the President Thomas F. McLarty III
    Special Counsel to the President Lloyd Cutler
    Special Advisor to the President David R. Gergen
    Chair, Counsel of Economic Advisors Laura D'Andrea Tyson
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Philip Lader
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Joan Baggett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel J. Veronica Biggins
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Rahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President for Communications Mark D. Gearan
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy John H. Gibbons
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Patrick Griffin
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Marcia L. Hale
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Alexis M. Herman
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Anthony Lake
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor and Director, Office of Presidential Personnel Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary John D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President, and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the Vice President John M. Quinn
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Carol H. Rasco
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Robert E. Rubin
    Assistant to the President for National Service Eli J. Segal
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance Ricki Seidman
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration (Vacancy)
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Margaret A. Williams
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Speechwriting and Research Donald Baer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Susan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Staff for the Chief of Staff Charles William Burton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First Lady Lisa M. Caputo
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy W. Bowman Cutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Planning David E. Dreyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Affairs Jeffrey L. Eller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of Presidential Personnel John B. Emerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy William A. Galston
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs John P. Hart
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Steven M. Hilton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and Appointments Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Counsel to the President Joel Klein
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office on Environmental Policy Kathleen A. McGinty
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, White House Military Office Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Keith Mason
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Doris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lorraine Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Bruce N. Reed
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Steven J. Ricchetti
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Douglas Sosnik
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Gene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Isabelle R. Tapia
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Christine A. Varney
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Joe Velasquez
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Melanne Verveer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Jeffrey H. Watson
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Loretta T. Avent
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control Robert G. Bell
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Coordination Robert O. Boorstin
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of News Analysis Keith O. Boykin
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russian, Ukrainian and Eurasian Affairs R. Nicholas Burns
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Global Issues and Multilateral Affairs Richard Clarke
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Environmental Affairs Eileen B. Claussen
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Michael D. Deich
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic Council Paul R. Dimond
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Thomas S. Epstein
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Economic Policy Robert Fauver
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Inter-American Affairs Richard E. Feinberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Dawn Friedkin
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Counselor Jody Greenstone
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Karen Hancox
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Elwood J. Holstein
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Democracy Morton Halperin
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Dana Hyde
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs Martin S. Indyk
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs William H. Itoh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Timothy J. Keating
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Jennifer Klein
    Special Assistant to the President and Legal Advisor Alan J. Kreczko
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Asia Pacific Economic Affairs Sandra J. Kristoff
    Special Assistant to the President for Speechwriting David M. Kusnet
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Senior Director to the National Economic Policy Council Robert Kyle
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Reta Jo Lewis
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Michael Lufrano
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Michael Lux
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Chief of Staff Mark Middleton
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Janet Murguia
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Jennifer O'Connor
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Director, Office of Presidential Personnel Kevin M. O'Keefe
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Nonproliferation and Export Controls Daniel B. Poneman
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Dorothy L. Robyn
    Special Assistant to the President, Counselor and Senior Director Jeremy Rosner
    Special Assistant to the President, Deputy Press Secretary, and Senior Director for Public Affairs Thomas B. Ross
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Asian Affairs Stanley Owen Roth
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Lee Satterfield
    Special Assistant to the President and Counselor Richard Schifter
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic Council Ellen Shapiro Seidman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs and Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet Stephen B. Silverman
    Special Assistant to the President Wendy Smith
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Staff Director of the National Security Council Nancy E. Soderberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solls
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Tara Sonenshine
    Special Assistant to the President, Deputy Press Secretary, and Senior Director Donald K. Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Todd Stern
    Special Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Anne Stock
    Special Assistant to the President Stephanie Streett
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs George J. Tenet
    Special Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of Administration Patsy L. Thomasson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Tracey Thornton
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Coordination Michael A. Waldman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Research Anne F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of European Affairs Jenonne R. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Anne Walley
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Kathryn J. Way
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Marilyn Yager
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Amy Zisook
    Counsel to the Vice President Todd J. Campbell
    National Security Advisor for the Vice President Leon S. Fuerth
    Special Advisor for Policy Development Ira Magaziner
    Associate Counsel to the President William H. Kennedy III
    Associate Counsel to the President Cheryl Mills
    Associate Counsel to the President Stephen R. Neuwirth
    Associate Counsel to the President Beth Nolan
    Associate Counsel to the President Clifford M. Sloan
    Total = 127.
    Source: US Government Manual 1994 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1995–1996
    Chief of Staff Leon E. Panetta
    Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff for Policy George R. Stephanopoulos
    Counselor to the President for Business Affairs Thomas F. McLarty III
    Counsel to the President Abner J. Mikva
    Deputy Counsel to the President James Costello
    Chair, Counsel of Economic Advisors Joe Stiglitz
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy and Political Activity Harold Ickes
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for White House Operations Erskine Bowles
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Douglas Sosnik
    Assistant to the President and Director for Special Projects Rahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President and Coordinator for Strategic Planning and Communications Mark D. Gearan
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy John H. Gibbons
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Patrick Griffin
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Marcia L. Hale
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Alexis M. Herman
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Mike McCurry
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Anthony Lake
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Todd Stern
    Assistant to the President, and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the Vice President John M. Quinn
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Carol H. Rasco
    Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council Laura D. Tyson
    Assistant to the President for National Service Eli J. Segal
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Margaret A. Williams
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Jodie Torkelson
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting and Research Donald Baer
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Kitty Higgins
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance William Webster
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Susan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First Lady Lisa M. Caputo
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy W. Bowman Cutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs John B. Emerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs John P. Hart
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and Appointments and Director of Oval Office Operations Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, White House Military Office Alan Sullivan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Doris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lorraine Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Operations Evelyn Lieberman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Karen Hancox
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Kevin M. O'Keefe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Stephen B. Silverman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Staff Director of the National Security Council Nancy E. Soderberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Bruce N. Reed
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Steven J. Ricchetti
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Craig Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Patsy L. Thomasson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Gene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Paige Reffe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Melanne Verveer
    Deputy Assistant to the President Ira Fishman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director and Chief of Staff for Presidential Personnel Antonella Pianalto
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Jeremy Ben-Ami
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Women's Initiatives and Outreach Betsy Myers
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Loretta T. Avent
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control Robert G. Bell
    Special Assistant to the President for Senior Director of Speechwriting Robert O. Boorstin
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russian, Ukrainian and Eurasian Affairs Coit Blacker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Tracey Thornton
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Janet Murguia
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Daniel Tate
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Global Issues and Multilateral Affairs Richard Clarke
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Environmental Affairs Eileen B. Claussen
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Michael D. Deich
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic Council Paul R. Dimond
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Policy Development Christopher Jennings
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Inter-American Affairs Richard E. Feinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Democracy Morton Halperin
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic Council Elwood J. Holstein
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs Mark Parris
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director, National Security Affairs Daniel Fried
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff Director Timothy J. Keating
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director Andrew Friendly
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Peggy A. Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director for the First Lady Kelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages James A. Dorskind
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Charles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Elizabeth Montoya
    Special Assistant to the President Jennifer O'Connor
    Special Assistant to the President Wendy Smith
    Special Assistant to the President and Legal Advisor Alan J. Kreczko
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Senior Director to the National Economic Council Robert Kyle
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Eric Eves
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Thomas S. Epstein
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Ray Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Chief of Staff Mark Middleton
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Phil Caplan
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Nonproliferation and Export Controls Daniel B. Poneman
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Dorothy L. Robyn
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Asian Affairs Stanley Owen Roth
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Lee Satterfield
    Special Assistant to the President and Counselor Richard Schifter
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic Council Ellen Shapiro Seidman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solls
    Special Assistant to the President for the National Security Council Heather Ross
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Legislative Affairs William Danvers
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Leeann Inadomi
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs Susan Rice
    Special Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Ann Stock
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Stephanie Streett
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs George J. Tenet
    Special Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of Administration (Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Coordination Michael A. Waldman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Research Anne F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of European Affairs Alexander Vershbow
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Anne Walley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Marilyn Yager
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Kathleen Smith Carr
    Counsel to the Vice President Kumiki Gibson
    National Security Advisor for the Vice President Leon S. Fuerth
    Special Advisor for Policy Development Ira Magaziner
    Associate Counsel to the President Christopher Cerf
    Associate Counsel to the President David Fein
    Associate Counsel to the President Marvin Krislov
    Associate Counsel to the President Cheryl Mills
    Associate Counsel to the President Miriam Nemetz
    Associate Counsel to the President Stephen R. Neuwirth
    Associate Counsel to the President Victoria Radd
    Associate Counsel to the President Clifford M. Sloan
    Associate Counsel to the President Kathleen Whalen
    Total = 126.
    Source: US Government Manual 1995 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1996–1997
    Chief of Staff Leon E. Panetta
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy and Political Affairs Harold Ickes
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for White House Operations Evelyn Lieberman
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Donald Baer
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Projects Rahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office of John H. Gibbons
    Science and Technology Policy
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Marcia L. Hale
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Alexis M. Herman
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Kitty Higgins
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs John Hilley
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the Vice President Ronald A. Klain
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Anthony Lake
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Michael McCurry
    Counselor to the President Thomas F. McLarty III
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bobby Nash
    Counsel to the President John M. Quinn
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Carol H. Rasco
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Planning Bruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Douglas Sosnik
    Assistant to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff George Stephanopoulos
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Todd Stern
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Jodie R. Torkelson
    Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council Laura D'Andrea Tyson
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Margaret A. Williams
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Jeremy Ben-Ami
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Susan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First Lady Lisa M. Caputo
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs John B. Emerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs John P. Hart
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Kevin M. O'Keefe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Karen L. Hancox
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and Appointments and Director of Oval Office Operations Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Public Liaison Doris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Marilyn Yager
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Janet Murguia
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Women's Initiatives and Outreach Betsy Myers
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Victoria Radd
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Paige Reffe
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Stephen B. Silverman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Staff Director of the National Security Council Nancy E. Soderberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Gene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Daniel Tarullo
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Stephanie Streett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Anne Walley
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Alan Sullivan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Presidential Personnel Patsy L. Thomasson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Melanne Verveer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Michael A. Waldman
    Deputy Counsel to the President Kathleen M. Wallman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Media Affairs and Operations Lorraine McHugh Wytkind
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Kris M. Balderston
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's Office Melinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Ananias Blocker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Peter Jacoby
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Daniel Tate
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lucia Wyman
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Phillip M. Caplan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Tracey Thornton
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Kathleen Smith Carr
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Robert Johnson
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison Suzanna A. Valdez
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Peggy A. Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Charles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Elizabeth Montoya
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Advance Catherine A. Cornelius
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director for the First Lady Kelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter Carolyn Curiel
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages James A. Dorskind
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter James Terry Edmonds
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Alison Muscatine
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Jonathan Prince
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter David Shipley
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press Advance Anne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Nicole Elkson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Lucie Naphin
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Patrick Steel
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Eric Eve
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Ray Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Wendy Smith
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs David Wofford
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director Andrew Friendly
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Mary Ellen Glynn
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Virginia M. Terzano
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations Kim Holmes
    Special Assistant to the President Carolyn Huber
    Special Assistant to the President Jennifer O'Connor
    Special Assistant to the President or Cabinet Affairs Leeann Inadomi
    Special Assistant to the President and Records Manager Janis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff Director Timothy J. Keating
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Floydetta McAfee
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Press Advance Dan K. Rosenthal
    Special Assistant to the President and Staff Director of the Office of the Public Liaison Lee Scatterfield
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solis
    Special Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Ann Stock
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Research Ann F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs James P. Weber
    Associate Counsel to the President Dawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the President Peter C. Erichsen
    Associate Counsel to the President David Fein
    Associate Counsel to the President Elena Kagan
    Associate Counsel to the President Cheryl Mills
    Associate Counsel to the President Miriam Nemetz
    Associate Counsel to the President Stephen R. Neuwirth
    Associate Counsel to the President Kathleen Whalen
    Special Counsel to the President Jane Sherburne
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Mark Fabiani
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Wendy White
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Jonathan Yarowsky
    Senior Advisor for Policy Development Ira Magaziner
    Total = 116.
    Source: US Government Manual 1996 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1997–1998
    Chief of Staff to the President Erskine B. Bowles
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Sylvia M. Mathews
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff John D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Kitty Higgins
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Chief of Staff Victoria Radd
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Melanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Ann Lewis
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Mickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Craig T. Smith
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Maria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Stephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Michael A. Waldman
    Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Planning Donald Baer
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Michael McCurry
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Todd Stern
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy Council Bruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council Gene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs Daniel K. Tarullo
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Jodie R. Torkelson
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Counsel to the President Charles F. Ruff
    Counselor to the President Douglas B. Sosnik
    Counselor to the President and Special Envoy for the Americas Thomas F. McLarty III
    Senior Advisor to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs John Hilley
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff for Policy Rahm I. Emanuel
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy Development Ira Magaziner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for Presidential Personnel Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Stephen B. Silverman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Ellen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Cheryl Mills
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Patsy L. Thomasson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Susan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Speechwriting James Terry Edmonds
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Media Affairs and Operations Lorraine McHugh Wytkind
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Phillip M. Caplan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Dan K. Rosenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Marsha Berry
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Alan Sullivan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Elena Kagan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the National Economic Council Kathleen M. Wallman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health Policy Christopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Janet Murgia
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Donald L. Kerrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Emily Bromberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Lynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Fred DuVal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Minyon Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Karen Skelton
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Directors of Public Liaison Robert B. Johnson
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Directors of Public Liaison Doris O. Matsui
    Deputy National Security Advisor and Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs James B. Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Jennifer Palmieri
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Advance for the First lady Kelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages James A. Dorskind
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal Correspondence Carolyn Huber
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press Advance Anne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solis Doyle
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Special Projects Ann F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations Michael D. Malone
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's Office Melinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Alison Muscatine
    Special Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First Lady Neel Lattimore
    Special Assistant to the President and Records Manager Janis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Public Liaison Richard Socarides
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the Director of Presidential Personnel D. Vanessa Weaver
    Special Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Ann Stock
    Special Assistant to the President for Communications Eli Attie
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Cynthia Rice
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Donald F. Goldberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff Director Jeffrey Forbes
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Planning Thomas Freedman
    Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Staff Director Cheryl M. Carter
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Marie Terese Dominguez
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Charles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Thomas Shea
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Marilyn DiGiacobbe
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Jay Footlik
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Daniel Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Advance Catherine A. Cornelius
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Advance Christopher Wayne
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Joseph Lockhart
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Barry J. Toiv
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter Carolyn Curiel
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter David Shipley
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Kris M. Balderston
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Anne E. McGuire
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Ananias Blocker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Peter Jacoby
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Daniel Tate
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lucia Wyman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Tracey Thornton
    Associate Counsel to the President Virginia Canter
    Associate Counsel to the President Dawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the President Peter C. Erichsen
    Associate Counsel to the President Michael Imbroscio
    Associate Counsel to the President William P. Marshall
    Associate Counsel to the President Dimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the President Michelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the President Karen Popp
    Associate Counsel to the President Karl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the President Robert W. Schroeder
    Senior Counsel Robert Weiner
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Adam Goldberg
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Sally Paxton
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Jonathan Yarowsky
    Special Counsel to the President Lanny Breuer
    Special Counsel to the President Lanny Davis
    Special Counsel to the President Michael Waitzkin
    Total = 115.
    Source: US Government Manual 1997 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1998–1999
    Chief of Staff to the President Erskine B. Bowles
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Maria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff John D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President Sidney Blumenthal
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Thurgood Marshal, Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First lady Melanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Ann Lewis
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Mickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Lawrence J. Stein
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Craig T. Smith
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Minyon Moore
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Stephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Projects Todd Stern
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Michael A. Waldman
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Michael McCurry
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Phillip M. Caplan
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy Council Bruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council Gene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Virginia M. Apuzzo
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Counsel to the President Charles F. Ruff
    Counselor to the President and Special Envoy to the Americas Thomas F. McLarty III
    Counselor to the President Paul Begala
    Counselor to the President Douglas B. Sosnik
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff for Policy Rahm I. Emanuel
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy Development Ira Magaziner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the First Lady for the Millennium Program Ellen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Counsel to the Office of the Chief of Staff Karen Tramontano
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Kris M. Balderston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Roberta Greene
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Cheryl Mills
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Stacie Spector
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Janet Murguia
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Dan K. Rosenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Marsha Berry
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solis Doyle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office (Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Office for Women's Initiatives and Outreach (Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Capricia Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Elena Kagan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council Sally Katzen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health Policy Christopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison Tracey Thornton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Michael D. Malone
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Donald L. Kerrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Intergovernmental Affairs Lynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Intergovernmental Affairs Fred DuVal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Karen Skelton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel D. Vanessa Weaver
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Robert B. Johnson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Doris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Beverly Barnes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Joseph Lockhart
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Amy Weiss Tobe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Barry J. Toiv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Charles Brain
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy National Security Advisor and Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Advisor James B. Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Daniel Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Advance Christopher Wayne
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Scheduling Jennifer Palmieri
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Sean Maloney
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Advance for the First Lady Kelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal Correspondence Ann McCoy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages Daniel Burkhardt
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press Advance Anne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Special Projects Ann F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations John Dankowski
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's Office Melinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Lisa Jordan Tamagni
    Special Assistant to the President and Records Manager Janis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Public Liaison Richard Socarides
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter Jeffrey Shesol
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter Laura Schiller
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director Kirk Hanlin
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Anne E. McGuire
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Cynthia Rice
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs William White
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Donald F. Goldberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff Director Jeffrey Forbes
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Planning Thomas Freedman
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Staff Director Cheryl M. Carter
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Marie Terese Dominguez
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Charles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Heather Marabeti
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Roger Ballentine
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Peter Jacoby
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lisa Kountoupes
    Associate Counsel to the President Meredith Cabe
    Associate Counsel to the President Virginia Canter
    Associate Counsel to the President Dawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the President Michael Imbroscio
    Associate Counsel to the President William P. Marshall
    Associate Counsel to the President Dimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the President Michelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the President Karen Popp
    Associate Counsel to the President Karl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the President Sarah Wilson
    Associate Counsel to the President Lisa Winston
    Senior Counsel to the President Robert Weiner
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Adam Goldberg
    Special Associate Counsel to the President Sally Paxton
    Special Counsel to the President Lanny Breuer
    Special Counsel to the President for Civil Rights Edward Correia
    Special Counsel to the President for Nominations Mark Childress
    Total = 110.
    Source: US Government Manual 1998 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1999–2000
    Chief of Staff to the President John D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President Sidney Blumenthal
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Thurgood Marshall Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Melanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Chief of Staff Karen Tramontano
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Dan K. Rosenthal
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Loretta Ucelli
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Mickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Lawrence J. Stein
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Minyon Moore
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Mary Elizabeth Cahill
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Stephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Projects Todd Stern
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Michael A. Waldman
    Assistant to the President and Director of the President's Initiative for One America Robert B. Johnson
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Joseph Lockhart
    Assistant to the President and Special Envoy to the Americas Kenneth H. MacKay
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Sean P. Maloney
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy Council Bruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council Gene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Virginia M. Apuzzo
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Maria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Stephen J. Ricchetti
    Associate Counsel to the President Meredith Cabe
    Associate Counsel to the President Dawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the President Amy Comstock
    Associate Counsel to the President Dimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the President Michael E. O'Connor
    Associate Counsel to the President Michelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the President Karl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the President Peter F. Rundlet
    Associate Counsel to the President Sarah Wilson
    Associate Counsel to the President Lisa Winston
    Counsel to the President Charles F. Ruff
    Counselor to the President Ann F. Lewis
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the First Lady for the Millennium Program Ellen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Kris M. Balderston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Shirley Sagawa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Cheryl Mills
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Fred DuVal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Janet Murguia
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Laura Efurd
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary (Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Marsha Berry
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solis Doyle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Special Projects Kelly Craighead
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Joseph J. Simmons IV
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Administration Mark F. Lindsay
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Women's Initiatives and Outreach Jennifer M. Luray
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the Chief of Staff for Indian Affairs and Special Projects Lynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Legislative Counsel Martha Foley
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Capricia Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Elena Kagan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council Sally Katzen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health Policy Christopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison Tracey Thornton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Donald L. Kerrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel D. Vanessa Weaver
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Beverly Barnes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Jennifer Palmieri
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Richard Siewert Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Barry J. Toiv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Charles Brain
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor James B. Steinberg
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Communications Joel P. Johnson
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy Douglas B. Sosnik
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President Steven Reich
    Senior Counsel (Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Barbara Woolley
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Special Envoy to the Americas Francisco Sanchez
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages Daniel Burkhardt
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal Correspondence Ann McCoy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press Advance Anne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Travel Office Susan L. Hazard
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Operations John Dankowski
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's Office Melinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Director of Advance Douglas J. Band
    Special Assistant to the President and Records Manager Janis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Public Liaison Richard Socarides
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Deputy Director of Scheduling Sara Latham
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter Laura Schiller
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director Kirk Hanlin
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Anne E. McGuire
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy Planning Thomas Freedman
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Staff Director Cheryl M. Carter
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press Secretary Nanda Chitre
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press Secretary Julia Payne
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Charles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Veronica De La Garza
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Heather Marabeti
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Stephanie Cutter
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Thomas D. Janenda
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Advance Jaycee Pribulsky
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Advance Christopher Wayne
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Laura A. Graham
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Aviva Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Cecily C. Williams
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter June Shih
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Lisa Jordan Tamagni
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Lowell Weiss
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter Paul Glastris
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter Jeffrey Shesol
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Irene Bueno
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Nicole Rabner
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Cynthia Rice
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Barbara Bostick-Hunt
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs William White
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Broderick Johnson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lisa Kountoupes
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Roger Ballentine
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Caroline Frederickson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Joel Wiginton
    Special Counsel to the President for Civil Rights Edward Correia
    Special Counsel to the President for Nominations Mark Childress
    Total = 121.
    Source: US Government Manual 1999 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 2000–2001
    Chief of Staff to the President John D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President Sidney Blumenthal
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Thurgood Marshall Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Melanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Chief of Staff Karen Tramontano
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Bruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Dan K. Rosenthal
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications Loretta Ucelli
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Mickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Charles M. Brain
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Minyon Moore
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Bob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Mary Elizabeth Cahill
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Stephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting J. Terry Edmonds
    Assistant to the President and Director of the President's Initiative for One America Robert B. Johnson
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Richard L Siewert Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Special Envoy to the Americas Kenneth H. MacKay
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Sean P. Maloney
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy Council Bruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council Gene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Mark F. Lindsay
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Samuel R. Berger
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Maria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Stephen J. Ricchetti
    Associate Counsel to the President David Apol
    Associate Counsel to the President Meredith Cabe
    Associate Counsel to the President Dawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the President Dimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the President Michael E. O'Connor
    Associate Counsel to the President J. Paul Oetken
    Associate Counsel to the President Michelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the President Karl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the President Peter F. Rundlet
    Counsel to the President Beth Nolan
    Counselor to the President Ann F. Lewis
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the First Lady for the Millennium Program Ellen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Kris M. Balderston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady Shirley Sagawa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President William Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Douglas J. Band
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communication Stephanie Cutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Ray Martinez III
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Kay Casstevens
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Linda L. Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Laura Efurd
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Speechwriting Jeffrey Shesol
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Lisel Loy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Communications for the First Lady Allison Muscatine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential Messages Daniel Burkhardt
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations Nancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First Lady Patricia Solis Doyle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Trip Director Kelly Craighead
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Joseph J. Simmons IV
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Women's Initiatives and Outreach Lauren Supina
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the Chief of Staff for Indian Affairs and Special Projects Lynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Legislative Counsel Martha Foley
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Capricia Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Eric Liu
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Environmental Initiatives Roger Ballentine
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health Policy Christopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Broderick Johnson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Karen Robb
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Bradley J. Kiley
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Mara Rudman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor James B. Steinberg
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Maria L. Haley
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Marsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary James Kennedy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Jennifer Palmieri
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy Thomas Freedman
    Senior Associate Counsel to the President Steven Reich
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press Secretary Nanda Chitre
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Advance Robert Rosen
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for Political Affairs Cynthia Jasso-Rotunno
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for Public Liaison Christine Stanek
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Special Envoy to the Americas Francisco Sanchez
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Laura Graham
    Special Assistant o the President and Deputy Director of Communications Thomas D. Janeda
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, President's Initiative for One America Kathleen Ahn
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media Operations Dorinda Salcido
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal Correspondence Ann McCoy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press Advance Anne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Television News Julia Payne
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Travel Office Susan L. Hazard
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, First Lady's Correspondence Alice Pushkar
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's Office Melinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential Speechwriter Paul Glastris
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Advisor for Presidential History Janis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Counselor to the Chief of Staff Michele Ballantyne
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director Kirk Hanlin
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Lee Ann Brackett
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Veronica De La Garza
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Cheryl Tates-Macias
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Maureen Shea
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public Liaison Barbara Woolley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Directors of Presidential Advance Brian Alcorn
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Directors of Presidential Advance Marisa Luzzatto
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Heather Davis
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Julie Eddy
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Scheduling Stephen Lamb
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Samir Afridi
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Heather Hurlburt
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential Speechwriter Lowell Weiss
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter Laura Schiler
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter June Shih
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Irene Bueno
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Ann O'Leary
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Matthew Bennett
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Zina Pierre
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Lisa Kountoupes
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Mark Magana
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Julie M. Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Joanna Slaney
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Joel Wiginton
    Special Counsel to the President for Nominations Sarah Wilson
    Total = 116.
    Source: US Government Manual 2000 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2001–2002
    Chief of Staff to the President Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Albert Hawkins
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice President I. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Vice President Mary J. Matalin
    Assistant to the President and Director of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives John Dilulio
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Nick Calio
    Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council Larry Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Clay Johnson
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary L. Ari Fleischer
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Harriet Miers
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Margaret LaMontagne
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Condoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Steve Hadley
    Counsel to the President Alberto R. Gonzales
    Counselor to the President Karen Hughes
    Senior Advisor to the President Karl Rove
    Advisor to the President and Special Consultant for Communication Margaret Tutwiler
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs Edward Ingle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Andrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Tim Flanigan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Counselor, Communications Dan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Faith- Based and Community Initiatives Don Eberly
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs John W. Howard
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council D. Marc Sumerlin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Ron Bellamy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economic Affairs Gary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior Advisor H. Chris Henick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary John Gardner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Brian Montgomery
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Domestic Policy Council John Bridgeland
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Ruben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Affairs Tucker Eskew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations Linda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Ken Mehlman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Lezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Brad Blakeman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Mike Gerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Initiatives Barry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Mark Rosenker
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) David Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Ziad Ojakli
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Hector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary Scott McClellan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Claire Buchan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Greg Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications and Planning James Wilkinson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Matt Schlapp
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Productions Scott Sforza
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison W. Kirk Blalock
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison Tim Goeglein
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Speechwriting Peter Wehner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Strategic Initiatives Alicia Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Administration Phillip Larsen
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Correspondence Deborah Hair
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Management Vickers B. Meadows
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Speechwriting David Frum
    Special Assistant to the President for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives Don Willett
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Deborah Spagnoli
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Kristen Chadwick
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Brian Conklin
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Daniel Keniry
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Nelson Letterst
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Robert Marsh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Townsend McNitt
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Christine Ciccone
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Dirksen Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Matthew Kirk
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Senior Advisor Israel Hernandez
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter to the President Matthew Scully
    Special Assistant to the President and Social Secretary Cathy Fenton
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Jodey Arrington
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Stuart Holliday
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Edmund Moy
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Dina Powell
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Kyle Sampson
    Associate Counsel to the President Chris Bartolomucci
    Associate Counsel to the President Brad Berenson
    Associate Counsel to the President Stuart Bowen
    Associate Counsel to the President Robert Cobb
    Associate Counsel to the President Courtney Elwood
    Associate Counsel to the President Brett Kavanaugh
    Associate Counsel to the President Helgi Walker
    Total = 84.
    Source: US Government Manual 2001 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2002–2003
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Secretary to the Cabinet Albert Hawkins
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice President I. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Vice President Mary J. Matalin
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Nick Calio
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council Larry Lindsey
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Clay Johnson
    Assistant to the President and White House Press Secretary L. Ari Fleischer
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Harriet Miers
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Margaret Spellings
    Assistant to the President for Office of Homeland Security Thomas J. Ridge
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Condoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Steve Hadley
    Assistant to the President and Director of the USA Freedom Corps John Bridgeland
    Counsel to the President (White House Counsel) Alberto Gonzales
    Counselor to the President Karen Hughes
    Senior Advisor to the President Karl Rove
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Edward Ingle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Andrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Tim Flanigan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Counselor, Communication Dan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Faith Based and Community Initiatives Harry James Towey
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs John W. Howard
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director, National Economic Council D. Marc Sumerlin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Ron Bellamy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor Gary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Senior Advisor H. Chris Henick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Stuart Bowen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Brian Montgomery
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Jay Lefkowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Ruben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Affairs Tucker Eskew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Oval Office Operations Linda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Ken Mehlman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Lezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Brad Blakeman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Mike Gerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Strategic Initiatives Barry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Mark Rosenker
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) David Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Ziad Ojakli
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Hector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary Scott McClellan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Claire Buchan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Greg Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Planning James Wilkinson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Matt Schlapp
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Scott Sforza
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential Personnel W. Kirk Blalock
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential Personnel Tim Goeglein
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Speechwriting Peter Wehner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Strategic Initiatives Alicia Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Office of Administration Phillip D. Larsen
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Correspondence Desiree Sayle
    Special Assistant to the President for White House Management and Administration Cathy Alix
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs Deborah Spagnoli
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Kristen Chadwick
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Brian Conklin
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Daniel Keniry
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Nelson Litterst
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Robert Marsh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Christine Ciccone
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Dirksen Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Matthew Kirk
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Senior Advisor Israel Hernandez
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter to the President Matthew Scully
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary Cathy Fenton
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director for Presidential Personnel Edmund Moy
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director for Presidential Personnel Dina Powell
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Counsel to the President Chris Bartolomucci
    Associate Counsel to the President Bard Berenson
    Associate Counsel to the President Robert Cobb
    Associate Counsel to the President Courtney Elwood
    Associate Counsel to the President Brett Kavanaugh
    Associate Counsel to the President Kyle Sampson
    Associate Counsel to the President Helgi Walker
    Total = 78.
    Source: US Government Manual 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2003–2004
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Secretary to the Cabinet Brian Montgomery
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice President I. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David Hobbs
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council Stephen Friedman
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel and Deputy to the Chief of Staff Dina Powell
    Assistant to the President and White House Press Secretary L. Ari Fleischer
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Harriet Miers
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Margaret Spellings
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Condoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Steven Hadley
    Counsel to the President (White House Counsel) Alberto R. Gonzales
    Senior Advisor to the President Karl Rove
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Edward Ingle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Andrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President David Leitch
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Counselor, Communications Dan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Faith Based and Community Initiatives Harry James Towey
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs Eric Pelletier
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director, National Economic Council Keith Hennessey
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor Gary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Senior Advisor Barry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Stuart Bowen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Greg Jenkins
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Jay Lefkowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Ruben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Global Communications Tucker Eskew
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management, Administration and Oval Office Operations Linda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Ken Mehlman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Lezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling Brad Blakeman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Mike Gerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Strategic Initiatives Peter Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Michael Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Daniel Keniry
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Ziad Ojakli
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary Scott McClellan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Claire Buchan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Advance Greg Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Planning Brian Besanceney
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Matt Schlapp
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Scott Sforza
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential Personnel Tim Goeglein
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential Personnel Adam Goldman
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Speechwriting Noam Neusner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Strategic Initiatives Alicia Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Office of Administration Tim Campen
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Correspondence Desiree Sayle
    Special Assistant to the President for White House Management and Administration Colleen Litkenhaus
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs (Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Kristen Chadwick
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Christopher Cox
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Amy Jensen-Cunniffe
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Elan Liang
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Robert Marsh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Wendy Grubbs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Matthew Kirk
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Virginia Loper
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Sean O'Hollaren
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Senior Advisor Israel Hernandez
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter to the President Matthew Scully
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary Cathy Fenton
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director for Presidential Personnel Edmund Moy
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential Personnel Liza Wright
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Counsel to the President Chris Bartolomucci
    Associate Counsel to the President Jennifer Brosnahan
    Associate Counsel to the President Nanette Everson
    Associate Counsel to the President Noel Francisco
    Associate Counsel to the President Brett Kavanaugh
    Associate Counsel to the President Jennifer Newstead
    Associate Counsel to the President Benjamin Powell
    Associate Counsel to the President Kyle Sampson
    Associate Counsel to the President Ted Ullyot
    Associate Counsel to the President Helgi Walker
    Total = 76.
    Source: US Government Manual 2003 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2004–2005
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Brian Montgomery
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice President I. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs David Hobbs
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Dina Powell
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Scott McClellan
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting and Policy Advisor Mike Gerson
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Brett Kavanaugh
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Condoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Harriet Miers
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Steven Hadley
    Counsel to the President (White House Counsel) Alberto R. Gonzales
    Senior Advisor to the President Karl Rove
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Andrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President David Leitch
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security John Gordon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic Planning Robert Blackwill
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications Suzanne DeFrancis
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Homeland Security Advisor Richard Falkenrath
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Speechwriting John McConnell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom Corps Desiree Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Fran Townsend
    Physician to the President Richard Tubb
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Communications James Wilkinson
    Assistant to the President for Communications Dan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Faith Based and Community Initiatives H. James Towey
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Eric Pelletier
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor Gary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior Advisor Barry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Ted Ullyot
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Greg Jenkins
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs Ruben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management, Administration and Oval Office Operations Linda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Matt Schlap
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Lezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Strategic Initiatives Peter Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office Michael Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Daniel Keniry
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Matthew Kirk
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Claire Buchan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary Trent Duffy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and Scheduling Melissa Bennett
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Correspondence Heidi Smith
    Total = 44.
    Source: US Government Manual 2004 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2005–2006
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice President I. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Jack D. Crouch II
    Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Faith Based and Community Initiatives H. James Towey
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Scott McClellan
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Brett Kavanaugh
    Assistant to the President for Communication Nicolle Devenish Wallace
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security Frances Fragos Townsend
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Candida Perotti Wolff
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Policy and Strategic Planning Michael Gerson
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Dina Powell
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting William McGurn
    Assistant to the President, Deputy Chief of Staff, and Senior Advisor Karl Rove
    Counsel to the President Harriet Miers
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the Chief of Staff Kristen Silverberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Anita McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and Planning Catherine Martin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Scott Sforza
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior Advisor Barry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director for Appointments and Scheduling Melissa Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Todd Beyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Sara Taylor
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Lezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Initiatives Pete Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom Corps Desiree Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental Affairs Ruben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor Faryar Shirzad
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House) Brain Conklin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate) Matthew Kirk
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management, Administration and Oval Office Operations Linda Gambatesa
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Media Affairs Jeanie Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary Janet Lea Berman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison Heidi Smith
    Total = 35.
    Source: US Government Manual 2005 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2006–2007
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Joshua B. Bolten
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the Vice President, and Counsel David S. Addington
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Jack D. Crouch II
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Tony Snow
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Raul F. Yanes
    Assistant to the President for Communications Nicolle Wallace
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Frances Fragos Townsend
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Candida Perotti Wolff
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Liza Wright Renner
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting William J. McGurn
    Assistant to the President, Deputy Chief of Staff, and Senior Advisor Karl C. Rove
    Counsel to the President Harriet E. Miers
    Counselor to the President Daniel J. Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the Chief of Staff Steven S. McMillin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Anita B. McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and Planning Catherine J. Martin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Scott N. Sforza
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior Advisor Barry S. Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Melissa S. Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Todd W. Beyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Rhonda N. Keenum
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Initiatives Pete H. Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom Corps Desiree T. Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental Affairs Ruben S. Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Faryar Shirzad
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs William Douglas Badger
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Brian C. Conklin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Sean B. O'Hollaren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Linda M. Gambatesa
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media Affairs Jeanie S. Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary Janet Lea Berman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison Heidi Marquez Smith
    Total = 34.
    Source: US Government Manual 2006 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2007–2008
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Joshua B. Bolten
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the Vice President, and Counsel David S. Addington
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Jack D. Crouch II
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Tony Snow
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Raul F. Yanes
    Assistant to the President for Communications Kevin F. Sullivan
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Frances F. Townsend
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Candida Perotti Wolff
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Liza Wright Renner
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting William J. McGurn
    Assistant to the President, Deputy Chief of Staff, and Senior Advisor Karl C. Rove
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Counselor to the President Daniel J. Bartlett
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy Joel D. Kaplan
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Anita B. McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and Planning Catherine J. Martin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Scott N. Sforza
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior Advisor Barry S. Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Melissa S. Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Todd W. Beyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Rhonda N. Keenum
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Initiatives Pete H. Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom Corps Desiree T. Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental Affairs Margaret M. Grant
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor David H. McCormick
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs William Douglas Badger
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Brian C. Conklin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Sean B. O'Hollaren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Linda M. Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Affairs Jeanie S. Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary Janet Lea Berman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison Ross M. Kyle
    Total = 34.
    Source: US Government Manual2007 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2008–2009
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Joshua B. Bolten
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the Vice President, and Counsel David S. Addington
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor James Jeffrey
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Dana Perino
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Raul F. Yanes
    Assistant to the President for Communications Kevin F. Sullivan
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Kenneth Wainstein
    Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Daniel Meyer
    Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Stephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel Joie Gregor
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting Marc Theissen
    Assistant to the President for Strategic Initiatives and External Affairs Barry Jackson
    Counsel to the President Fred F. Fielding
    Counselor to the President Ed Gillespie
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy Joel D. Kaplan
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First Lady Anita B. McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and Planning Terri Teuber Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Adam Belmar
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Strategic Initiatives and External Affairs Brian McCormack
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling Melissa S. Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance Spencer Geissinger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison Julie Cram
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Initiatives Joel Scanlon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom Corps Henry Lozano
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental Affairs Janet Weir Creighton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security Advisor Daniel Price
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs John Emling
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Deb Fiddelke
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Christopher Frech
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Linda M. Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Affairs Jeanie S. Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary Amy Zantzinger
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison Ross M. Kyle
    Total = 34.
    Source: US Government Manual 2008 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Barack Obama, 2009–2010
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Rahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations James A. Messina
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy Mona K. Sutphen
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor David M. Axelrod
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor Peter M. Rouse
    National Security Advisor James L. Jones Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Thomas E. Donilon
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Counterterrorism and Homeland Security John O. Brennan
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Christopher P. Lu
    Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President Gregory B. Craig
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Philip M. Schiliro
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Donald H. Gips
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Patrick H. Gaspard
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance Alyssa M. Mastromonaco
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Jonathan E. Favreau
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Robert L. Gibbs
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Elizabeth M. Brown
    Assistant to the President for Communications Anita B. Dunn
    Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Carol M. Browner
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement and Senior Advisor Valerie B. Jarrett
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Bradley J. Kiley
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the First Lady and Counsel Susan S. Sher
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for National Security Operations Mark W. Lippert
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Elizabeth S. Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Cassandra Q. Butts
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Mary B. DeRosa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Production Howard D. Pfeiffer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel Kenneth F. Williams-Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Peter F. Rundlet
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and Operations Emmett S. Beliveau
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and Scheduling Danielle M. Crutchfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Cecilia Muñoz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Projects for the First Lady Jocelyn C. Frye
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Engagement Christina M. Tchen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Urban Affairs Adolfo Carrion Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security Spokesperson Denis R. McDonough
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Counsel to the President Daniel J. Meltzer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Heather R. Zichal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Lisa M. Konwinski
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison Daniel A. Turton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison Shawn P. Maher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Henry F. De Sio Jr.
    Total = 42.
    Source: US Government Manual 2009 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Barack Obama, 2010–2011
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Rahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations James A. Messina
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy Mona K. Sutphen
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor David M. Axelrod
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor Peter M. Rouse
    National Security Advisor James L. Jones Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Thomas E. Donilon
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Counterterrorism and Homeland Security John O. Brennan
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Christopher P. Lu
    Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President Bob Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative Affairs Philip M. Schiliro
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Nancy D. Hogan
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Patrick H. Gaspard
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance Alyssa M. Mastromonaco
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Jonathan E. Favreau
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary Robert L. Gibbs
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Elizabeth M. Brown
    Assistant to the President for Communications Howard Dan Pfeiffer
    Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Carol M. Browner
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement and Senior Advisor Valerie B. Jarrett
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Bradley J. Kiley
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the First Lady and Counsel Susan S. Sher
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for National Security Operations Mark W. Lippert
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Elizabeth S. Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Mary B. DeRosa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Peter F. Rundlet
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and Operations Emmett S. Beliveau
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and Scheduling Danielle M. Crutchfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Cecilia Muñoz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Projects for the First Lady Jocelyn C. Frye
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Engagement Christina M. Tchen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Urban Affairs Adolfo Carrion Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security Spokesperson Denis R. McDonough
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Heather R. Zichal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Lisa M. Konwinski
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison Daniel A. Turton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison Shawn P. Maher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Henry F. De Sio Jr.
    Total = 38.
    Source: 2010 Report to Congress on White House Staff, http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration.
    Barack Obama, 2011–2012
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff William M. Daley
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations James A. Messina
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy Mona K. Sutphen
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor David Plouffe
    Counselor to the President Peter M. Rouse
    National Security Advisor Thomas E. Donilon
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor Denis R. McDonough
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism John O. Brennan
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary Christopher P. Lu
    Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President Robert F. Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Legislative Affairs Philip M. Schiliro
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs Patrick H. Gaspard
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance Alyssa M. Mastromonaco
    Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting Jonathan E. Favreau
    Assistant to the President and Press Secretary James “Jay” Carney
    Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary Elizabeth M. Brown
    Assistant to the President and Director of Communications H. Daniel Pfeiffer
    Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Carol M. Browner
    Senior Advisor and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement Valerie B. Jarrett
    Assistant to the President for Special Projects Stephanie Cutter
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Bradley J. Kiley
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the First Lady and Counsel Susan S. Sher
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for National Security Operations Mark W. Lippert
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Elizabeth S. Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Susan M. Davies
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Mary B. DeRosa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President Kathryn Ruemmler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications Jennifer R. Psaki
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary Peter F. Rundlet
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and Operations Emmett S. Beliveau
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and Scheduling Danielle M. Crutchfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Cecilia Munoz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Projects for the First Lady Jocelyn C. Frye
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public Engagement Christina M. Tchen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Urban Affairs Adolfo Carrion Jr
    Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security Council Chief of Staff Denis R. McDonough
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Counsel to the President Daniel J. Meltzer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Heather R. Zichal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel Nancy D. Hogan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs Lisa M. Konwinski
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison Daniel A. Turton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison Shawn P. Maher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration Henry F. De Sio Jr.
    Total = 43.
    Source: US Government Manual 2011–2012, revised March 2011 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).

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