Guide to the White House Staff

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Shirley Anne Warshaw

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    Preface

    This book is a companion to the two-volume work Guide to the Presidency and the Executive Branch (fifth edition) prepared by Michael Nelson of Rhodes College. Professor Nelson's detailed discussion of the American presidency is the gold standard for presidential scholars. Guide to the White House Staff seeks to explore in more depth the staffing and advisory structures immediately surrounding the president that provide the policy and managerial expertise to oversee the executive branch. Perhaps more important, these White House structures allow the president to develop and implement, both legislatively and administratively, the campaign promises that guide the administration. Michael Nelson, however, was the one who had the vision for a serious, analytical, and lengthy study of the presidency.

    Overview of the Book

    From George Washington to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, presidents relied on a single assistant, known as the secretary to the president, to handle official correspondence, oversee the mail, manage enrolled bills, and arrange the daily schedule, among other routine tasks. Presidents at times had several secretaries and assistant secretaries to supervise the daily life of the president. Both George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, who brought young assistants from home to be their official staff, allowed their secretaries to hire one or two assistants if necessary. Some presidents, such as Ulysses S. Grant, sought military detailees to bolster their meager personal staffs. In addition to the routine tasks, secretaries to the president, particularly in the latter half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century, served as press secretaries and speechwriters.

    The price for presidents to have any staff at all, however, was to provide for their salaries themselves. Early presidents paid for the private secretaries using personal funds, since Congress chose not to authorize funds for presidential staff. Staff was originally considered household help, such as the stewards and messengers, who were paid by the president's personal funds. Not until 1857 did Congress officially provide for a private secretary for the president, and in successive years provided additional funds for several more private secretaries and other household staff.

    The advent of the modern White House staff did not take shape, however, until the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, with passage of the Reorganization Act of 1939 creating the Executive Office of the President. Within the act was funding for six administrative assistants in addition to the existing three private secretaries. The intention of the act was to provide the president with a small professional staff, the administrative assistants, to assist him in his managerial role. The existing secretaries to the president would assist in what were considered the political operations of the White House. Political at this time meant the press, scheduling and advance, speechwriting, correspondence, and congressional liaison operations. By passing the Reorganization Act, Congress had officially recognized, and thereby sanctioned, the role of the president in managing the executive branch. The torch had been passed from congressional government, in which the executive departments directly interacted with departmental personnel in policy decisions, to presidential government, in which the president provided policy direction, budget control, and overall management within the executive branch.

    Since 1939, the Executive Office of the President has blossomed to include hundreds of staff members to serve the president. Congress today provides a substantial appropriation for the White House staff, which in 2012 was over $13 million per year. Included within this staff are both personal assistants, ranging from the communications and speechwriting staff to a wide range of policy advisors, and statutorily designated managerial, budget, and policy staff. Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States, had a personal White House staff of over 450, in addition to more staff within the broader Executive Office of the President. The Executive Office of the President, which includes the Office of Management and Budget and the National Security Council staff among others, adds to the depth of presidential expertise and management capabilities.

    This trend of a constantly increasing White House staff, routinely adding new positions to address new policy issues and new presidential needs, is unlikely to subside. As the nation grows in population, the federal government will provide more and more services, and as a result, the president's managerial role in the federal government will be challenged. To meet the expanded demands on federal services, both domestic and in the scope of homeland and national security, presidents will broaden their staffing expertise. Without question, the size of the White House staff, and that of the Executive Office of the President, will continue its steady increases in future years. Presidents oversee the executive branch and provide policy leadership to the Congress. For the managerial presidency to succeed, a large, well-organized White House staff is necessary with functional assignments and a depth of individual expertise.

    Plan of the Book

    The Guide to the White House Staff is organized into two distinct sections. The first section examines the presidential staff from George Washington through the second term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a period lasting 150 years (1789–1939). These were the formative years of the White House staff, in which Congress at first refused to provide any funds for a staff and then begrudgingly approved several secretaries to the president. The second section, from Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1939) to Barack Obama (2012), covers the period referred to as the modern White House. It provides details on the dramatic growth and change of the White House staff in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. All of the statutes that addressed White House staffing are included.

    The evolution of the White House staff largely parallels the changes that the nation itself was undergoing in the mid-twentieth century. When the federal government began to provide economic security through the New Deal programs and Social Security, and later the Great Society legislation that included Medicare and Medicaid, the president's managerial role significantly increased. When Congress further broadened the federal government's role through the interstate highway system, space program, public health services, and community development funding and increased its regulatory role through agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency, the managerial role of the president continued to increase. To manage the ever-increasing services provided by the federal government, the president turned to his White House staff. No longer could the White House be staffed with generalists, leading to inclusion of specialists in numerous domestic and economic policies. Similarly, as the nation emerged after World War II as a military superpower, our national security interests demanded the expertise of an expanded national security staff.

    Part I of the book, which is primarily historical, includes three chapters that detail the development of the White House staff, such as the role that private secretaries played (Chapter 1) prior to the Reorganization Act of 1939, how the Progressive movement influenced the expansion of the president's managerial role in the early twentieth century (Chapter 2), and the subsequent creation of the Executive Office of the President (Chapter 3). Part II of the book examines the presidential staff following creation of the Executive Office of the President. The growth in the size of the White House staff and the subsequent move to functional assignments are examined (Chapter 4), as is transition planning from Eisenhower to Obama (Chapter 5); the creation of the policy units in national security, domestic, and economic policy and their expansion under each administration (Chapter 6); second-term staffing changes (Chapter 7); and the career path that White House staff take after leaving the administration (Chapter 8). The Appendix provides a list of White House staff, as identified in the U.S. Government Manual, from Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Barack Obama.

    Although presidential scholars have delved into a great deal of material on White House staffing, specific details were often overlooked. This volume provides new research on the White House staff in addition to that which has been previously published.

    Part I: Building the Foundations of the White House Staff

    Chapter 1. Building the President's Staff, 1789–1939. The first chapter focuses on each president from George Washington to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The size of the White House staff, who served on the White House staff, why staff were chosen, the role of the staff, and insights into the presidential-staff relationship are examined. All of the statutes creating presidential staff from 1789 to 1939 are included in this chapter, most with sidebars giving pertinent details on each statute.

    Chapter 2. The Executive Office of the President: Formalizing the White House Staff and the Managerial Presidency, 1900–1949. This chapter addresses the recommendations for “better government” that emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as a result of the Progressive movement. Improving executive branch budget controls became a theme of the Progressives for not only the federal government but also state and local governments. Presidents benefited from the Progressives’ efforts to improve management capabilities at all levels of government. When Theodore Roosevelt, himself a Progressive, began to examine how to improve presidential management of the executive branch, a series of commissions were created across several administrations that each saw the necessity of enhanced presidential management of the executive branch. The Brownlow Committee, the last of the these commissions, successfully brought forth a plan for a White House staff to assist the president in managing the increasing responsibilities of the executive branch.

    Chapter 3. The Executive Office of the President, 1939–2012. With passage of the Reorganization Act of 1939, the president gained statutory authority to hire staff. The White House staff is born. This chapter examines the framework in which the White House staff operated with other units in the Executive Office of the President in the immediate years following 1939 during the Roosevelt administration. In addition, all of the units in the Executive Office of the President from 1939 through 2012 are examined, with short discussions of the major units. A detailed chart is provided on every unit, its responsibility, and the dates that it operated. Units still in operation are clearly designated.

    Part II: The Operations of the Modern White House Staff, 1939-Present

    Chapter 4. Organizing the White House, 1939-Present. This chapter examines the entire White House staff of each president from Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Barack Obama. Among the points addressed are the size of the staff; names and roles played by staff; changes in titles and roles from one administration to another; changes made in hostile transitions versus interparty transitions; increased use of functional assignments; centralization of policymaking in the post-Nixon staffs; creation of national security, domestic, and economic policymaking staffs; and expansion of political staffs.

    Chapter 5. Transition Planning: Staffing the White House. Ten transitions occurred between the Truman administration and the Obama administration, some of which were interparty and generally friendly, but most of which were intraparty with steep learning curves. With the exception of Dwight Eisenhower, every president established some form of transition planning in anticipation of winning the election. Eisenhower believed transition planning to be presumptive and out of character for a presidential candidate. In contrast, President Kennedy commissioned three separate transition plans. Recent presidents have had elaborate transition studies, detailing, among other points, how the president-elect should structure his White House staff and the role the staff should play in reaching out to departmental personnel. This chapter details the federal funding available to the transition from the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 and the subsequent amendments to the act, which expanded funding.

    Chapter 6. Key Policymaking Units in the White House: Domestic Policy, Economic Policy, and National Security Policy. Since President Truman moved the National Security Council staff into the White House and away from departmental control in the State Department, the White House has become the center of national security policymaking. Richard Nixon, seeking to model a domestic policy operation in the White House after that created for national security, built his Domestic Council to centralize domestic policymaking. Gerald Ford followed the lead of Nixon, building an economic policy operation in the White House. By the time Jimmy Carter entered office, the White House had centralized national security, domestic, and economic policymaking. The process of centralized policy control has continued in every successive administration. This chapter examines the three policy operations in each administration to the present, including staffing levels and budgets.

    Chapter 7. White House Staff in the Second Term: Nixon, Reagan, Clinton, and Bush. As presidents move into second terms, the White House staff is redesigned with new positions and new staff. Relatively few senior staff continue with the president into the second term. Most leave the administration for private sector jobs to take advantage of their administration-wide connections. The majority of second-term staff are promoted from within the first-term White House, providing significant job mobility for those originally hired in second- and third-tier positions. This chapter examines how the first- and second-term staffs differed in the Nixon, Reagan, Clinton, and Bush administrations, with a focus on the second-term staff.

    Chapter 8. Career Paths for White House Staff after Leaving Office. Few White House staff remain in an administration in another position, such as at a senior level in a department or agency. The overwhelming majority of White House staff enter the private sector after two to four years and never return to government service in the current or future administration. This failure to serve in future administrations leaves a significant hole in the institutional memory of the presidency. Key senior staff are examined in this chapter, with detailed biographies that include employment prior to joining the White House staff and after leaving office.

    Appendix: The White House Staff, 1939–2012. This section includes a comprehensive staffing list for every year from 1939 to 2012. Names and job titles as listed in the U.S. Government Manual are provided.

    Acknowledgments

    I could not have conducted the research for this volume without the enormous help of my book team of undergraduate students at Gettysburg College. They worked with me for nearly four years in building the research and charts for each chapter. Included among this dedicated group are Alex Ferraro, Nicholas Jestaedt, Ryan Kosyla, Anthony Palmer, Rose Kane, Gregory Pennington, Michael Savery, Luke Feltz, and David DeBor. I am especially grateful to Alex Ferraro, who managed the research team, and to Nicholas Jestaedt, who developed all of the charts and the staffing lists. All of the students labored not only during the academic year but throughout two summers of research and one summer of editing.

    At CQ Press, I worked closely with January Layman-Wood. She worked with me at every stage, giving me ideas to expand chapters and for areas that needed more depth. Without January, this book would never have been possible. She had the original idea, a plan for what should be included, and thoughts throughout the process on how to improve my work. I am grateful for her constant guidance. In addition, I am deeply grateful to Andrew Boney, who later took over the project and followed it to fruition. Andrew added another voice to the editing process, urging excellent changes and narrowing some overly written sections.

    Finally, I would like to thank a magnificent production staff, including Jane Haenel and Sarah J. Duffy.

    I can't end this section without adding that without the support of my friends, colleagues, and family, and in particular my wonderful husband, this book would certainly never have been completed.

    Shirley AnneWarshaw
    Gettysburg College

    About the Author

    Shirley Anne Warshaw is professor of political science and the Harold G. Evans Chair of Eisenhower Leadership Studies at Gettysburg College, where she has taught since 1986. She teaches courses on the American presidency, American government, and executive-legislative relations. Warshaw received a B.A. degree from the University of Pennsylvania, an M.G.A. from the Wharton School of Finance and Commerce at the University of Pennsylvania, and a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. Her most recent books are The Keys to Power: Managing the Presidency (second edition, 2004) and The Co-Presidency of Bush and Cheney (2009). She is married to Allen Warshaw, and they are the parents of three sons.

  • Appendix: The White House Staff, 1939–2012

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    1939–1940380
    1940–1941380
    1941–1942380
    1942–1943380
    1943–1944381
    1944–1945381
    Harry S. Truman
    1945–1946381
    1946–1947382
    1947–1948382
    1948–1949383
    1949–1950383
    1950–1951384
    1951–1952384
    1952–1953385
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    1953–1954385
    1954–1955386
    1955–1956387
    1956–1957388
    1957–1958389
    1958–1959390
    1959–1960391
    1960–1961393
    John F. Kennedy
    1961–1962394
    1962–1963395
    1963–1964395
    Lyndon B. Johnson
    1964–1965396
    1965–1966397
    1966–1967397
    1967–1968398
    1968–1969399
    Richard Nixon
    1969–1970399
    1970–1971401
    1971–1972402
    1972–1973403
    1973–1974404
    Gerald Ford
    1974–1975405
    1975–1976407
    1976–1977408
    Jimmy Carter
    1977–1978470
    1978–1979472
    1979–1980474
    1980–1981475
    Ronald Reagan
    1981–1982477
    1982–1983478
    1983–1984420
    1984–1985422
    1985–1986425
    1986–1987426
    1987–1988428
    1988–1989430
    George H. W. Bush
    1989–1990432
    1990–1991434
    1991–1992436
    1992–1993437
    Bill Clinton
    1993–1994439
    1994–1995440
    1995–1996443
    1996–1997446
    1997–1998449
    1998–1999452
    1999–2000454
    2000–2001457
    George W. Bush
    2001–2002459
    2002–2003461
    2003–2004463
    2004–2005465
    2005–2006466
    2006–2007467
    2007–2008468
    2008–2009469
    Barack Obama
    2009–2010470
    2010–2011471
    2011–2012471
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1939–1940
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the PresidentMarvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantJames H. Rowe Jr.
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Personal SecretaryMarguerite A. LeHand
    Executive ClerkRudolph Forster
    Total = 8.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1940–1941
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the PresidentMarvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantJames H. Rowe Jr.
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Personal SecretaryMarguerite A. LeHand
    Executive ClerkRudolph Forster
    Total = 8.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941–1942
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the PresidentMarvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantJames H. Rowe Jr.
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Administrative AssistantLowell Mellett
    Administrative AssistantSherman Minton
    Personal SecretaryMarguerite A. LeHand
    Executive ClerkRudolph Forster
    Total = 10.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1942–1943
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the PresidentMarvin H. McIntyre
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Administrative AssistantLowell Mellett
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive AssistantEugene Casey
    Personal SecretaryMarguerite A. LeHand
    Executive ClerkRudolph Forster
    Total = 10.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1943–1944
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the PresidentMarvin H. McIntyre
    Special Counsel to the PresidentSamuel I. Rosenman
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Administrative AssistantLowell Mellett
    Administrative AssistantDavid K. Niles
    Administrative AssistantJames M. Barnes
    Administrative AssistantJonathan Daniels
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive AssistantEugene Casey
    Personal SecretaryGrace G. Tully
    Executive Clerk in charge of White House Executive OfficesMaurice C. Latta
    Total = 14.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1944–1945
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    Special Counsel to the PresidentSamuel I. Rosenman
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Administrative AssistantDavid K. Niles
    Administrative AssistantJames M. Barnes
    Administrative AssistantJonathan Daniels
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive AssistantEugene Casey
    Personal SecretaryGrace G. Tully
    Executive Clerk in charge of White House Executive OfficesMaurice C. Latta
    Total = 13.
    Harry S Truman, 1945–1946
    Secretary to the PresidentStephen Early
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    Secretary to the PresidentJonathan Daniels
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Richard Park Jr.
    Special Counsel to the PresidentSamuel J. Rosenman
    Personal Representative of the PresidentDonald M. Nelson
    Administrative AssistantWilliam H. McReynolds
    Administrative AssistantLaughlin Currie
    Administrative AssistantDavid K. Niles
    Administrative AssistantJames M. Barnes
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarry L. Hopkins
    Special Executive AssistantEugene Casey
    Personal SecretaryGrace G. Tully
    Executive Clerk in charge of White House Executive OfficesMaurice C. Latta
    Total = 14.
    Harry S Truman, 1946–1947
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentCharles G. Ross
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    Executive Clerk in charge of the White House OfficeMaurice C. Latta
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryReathel M. Odum
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRandolph Paul
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEdwin A. Locke Jr.
    Special Executive Assistant to the PresidentGeorge J. Schoeneman
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentRaymond R. Zimmerman
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentRichmond B. Keech
    Military Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. Clark M. Clifford, USNR
    Total = 17.
    Harry S Truman, 1947–1948
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentCharles G. Ross
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    Special Counsel to the PresidentClark M. Clifford
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEdwin A. Locke Jr.
    Special Executive Assistant to the PresidentGeorge J. Schoeneman
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentRaymond R. Zimmerman
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan
    Naval Aide to the PresidentRear Adm. James H. Foskett
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryReathel M. Odum
    Executive Clerk in charge of the White House Executive OfficesMaurice C. Latta
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 16.
    Harry S Truman, 1948–1949
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentCharles G. Ross
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    The Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the PresidentClark M. Clifford
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentCharles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDonald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentFrederick J. Lawton
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryMrs. Edith Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentReathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 18.
    Harry S Truman, 1949–1950
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentCharles G. Ross
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    The Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the PresidentClark M. Clifford
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentCharles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDonald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryMrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentReathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentRear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 18.
    Harry S Truman, 1950–1951
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentCharles G. Ross
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    The Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the PresidentCharles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid K. Niles
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDonald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGeorge M. Elsey
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentStephen J. Spingarn
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryMrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentReathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentRear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 19.
    Harry S Truman, 1951–1952
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    Secretary to the PresidentJoseph Short
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. Averell Harriman
    The Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the PresidentCharles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDonald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGeorge M. Elsey
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryMrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentReathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentRear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USA
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 18.
    Harry S Truman, 1952–1953
    Secretary to the PresidentMatthew J. Connelly
    Secretary to the PresidentWilliam D. Hassett
    Secretary to the PresidentJoseph Short
    The Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Steelman
    Special Counsel to the PresidentCharles S. Murphy
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDonald S. Dawson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid H. Stowe
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid E. Bell
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentDavid D. Lloyd
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentClayton Fritchey
    Administrative Assistant in the President's OfficeRose A. Conway
    Social SecretaryMrs. Edith B. Helm
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentReathel M. Odum
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentRear Adm. Robert L. Dennison, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Robert B. Landry, USAF
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, USAF
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 19.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953–1954
    The Assistant to the PresidentSherman Adams
    Assistant to the Assistant to the PresidentMaxwell M. Rabb
    Special Assistant to the Assistant to the PresidentRoger Steffan
    Special Assistant to the Assistant to the PresidentCharles F. Willis Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeThomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press SecretaryMurray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the PresidentBernard M. Shanley
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeGerald D. Morgan
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeBryce N. Harlow
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeHomer H. Gruenther
    Special Assistant to the PresidentC. D. Jackson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLewis L. Strauss
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentRobert Cutler
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentEmmet J. Hughes
    Economic Adviser to the PresidentArthur F. Burns
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA
    Acting Staff SecretaryCol. Paul T. Carroll, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Military Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentComdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentMaj. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentMary Jane McCaffree, Acting
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 28.
    Source: US Government Manual 1953 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1954–1955
    The Assistant to the PresidentSherman Adams
    Cabinet Operations Officer and Associate Counsel to the PresidentMaxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Assistant to the PresidentCharles F. Willis Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeStanley M. Rumbough Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeCharles F. Masterson
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the PresidentThomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press SecretaryMurray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the PresidentBernard M. Shanley
    Assistant to the Special Counsel to the PresidentJ. William Barba
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert Cutler
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLewis L. Strauss
    Presidential Adviser on Personnel ManagementPhilip Young
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentI. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeRobert S. Kieve
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA
    Staff SecretaryBrig. Gen. Paul T. Carroll, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Assistant Staff SecretaryStephen Benedict
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Military Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentComdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Secretary to the Wife of the PresidentMary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 33.
    Source: US Government Manual 1954 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1955–1956
    The Assistant to the PresidentSherman Adams
    Assistant to the Assistant to the PresidentCharles F. Willis Jr.
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the PresidentBernard M. Shanley
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press SecretaryMurray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Assistant to the Special Counsel to the PresidentJ. William Barba
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDillon Anderson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLewis L. Strauss
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph M. Dodge
    Special Assistant to the PresidentNelson A. Rockefeller
    Assistant to the Special Assistant to the PresidentDonald Irwin
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarold E. Stassen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKevin McCann
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeWilliam B. Ewald Jr.
    Presidential Adviser on Personnel ManagementPhilip Young
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence B. Randall
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence Francis
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentI. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHoward Pyle
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentFred A. Seaton
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeH. Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeCharles F. Masterson
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA
    Secretary to the CabinetMaxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Secretary to the CabinetBradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Staff SecretaryCol. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentComdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. EisenhowerMary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 41.
    Source: US Government Manual 1955 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1956–1957
    The Assistant to the PresidentSherman Adams
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the PresidentBernard M. Shanley
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Assistant Press SecretaryMurray Snyder
    Special Counsel to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Assistant to the Special Counsel to the PresidentJ. William Barba
    ConsultantEdward A. McCabe
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDillon Anderson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLewis L. Strauss
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph M. Dodge
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKevin McCann
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeWilliam B. Ewald Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarold E. Stassen
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMeyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam H. Jackson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEdward P. Curtin
    Presidential Adviser on Personnel ManagementPhilip Young
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence B. Randall
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence Francis
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentGabriel Hauge
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentI. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President (serving as Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovt. Relations)Howard Pyle
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeH. Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeCharles F. Masterson
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeRobert K. Gray
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA (MC)
    Secretary to the CabinetMaxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Secretary to the CabinetBradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Staff SecretaryCol. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects)E. Frederic Morrow
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentComdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. William G. Draper, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. EisenhowerMary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherHowell G. Crim
    Total = 44.
    Source: US Government Manual 1956 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1957–1958
    The Assistant to the PresidentSherman Adams
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Secretary to the PresidentBernard M. Shanley
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Associate Press SecretaryAnne W. Wheaton
    Special Counsel to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Associate Special Counsel to the PresidentEdward A. McCabe
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentHenry Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert Cutler
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLewis L. Strauss
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKevin McCann
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarold E. Stassen
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentAmos J. Peaslee
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMeyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEdward P. Curtis
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGabriel Hauge
    Special Assistant to the PresidentClarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWalter F. George
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames P. Richards
    Special Assistant to the PresidentFrederick M. Dearborn Jr.
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence Francis
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentI. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President (serving as Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovt. Relations)Howard Pyle
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentJack Z. Anderson
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA (MC)
    Staff SecretaryBrig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects)E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff SecretaryAlbert P. Toner
    Secretary to the CabinetMaxwell M. Rabb
    Assistant to the Secretary to the CabinetBradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentCol. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeRobert K. Gray
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeFrederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficePhillip E. Areeda
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeWayne B. Warrington
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. EisenhowerMary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 47.
    Source: US Government Manual 1957 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1958–1959
    The Assistant to the PresidentSherman Adams
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Associate Press SecretaryAnne W. Wheaton
    Secretary to the PresidentThomas E. Stephens
    Special Counsel to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Associate Special Counsel to the PresidentEdward A. McCabe
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentHenry Roemer McPhee
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert Cutler
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLewis L. Strauss
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentAmos J. Peaslee
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMeyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGabriel Hauge
    Special Assistant to the PresidentClarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the PresidentE. R. Quesada
    Special Assistant to the PresidentArthur Larson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames R. Killian Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKarl G. Harr Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel ManagementRocco C. Siciliano
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence Francis
    Special Consultant to the PresidentJohn H. Stambaugh
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentI. Jack Martin
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Administrative Assistant to the President (serving as Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovt. Relations)Howard Pyle
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentJack Z. Anderson
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, USA (MC)
    Staff SecretaryBrig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects)E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff SecretaryAlbert P. Toner
    Secretary to the CabinetRobert K. Gray
    Assistant to the Secretary to the CabinetBradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentCol. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeFrederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficePhillip E. Areeda
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeWayne B. Warrington
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeRobert E. Hampton
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. EisenhowerMary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 47.
    Source: US Government Manual 1958 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1959–1960
    The Assistant to the PresidentWilton B. Persons
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Secretary to the PresidentThomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Associate Press SecretaryAnne W. Wheaton
    Special Counsel to the PresidentDavid W. Kendall
    Associate Special Counsel to the PresidentHenry Roemer McPhee
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentPhillip E. Areeda
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Interdepartmental AffairsRobert E. Merriam
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional AffairsBryce N. Harlow
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGordon Gray
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKevin McCann
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMeyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the PresidentClarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel ManagementRocco C. Siciliano
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames R. Killian Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKarl G. Harr Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDon Paarlberg
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentAmos J. Peaslee
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence Francis
    Special Consultant to the PresidentArthur Larson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentJack Z. Anderson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMalcolm C. Moos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentEdward A. McCabe
    Staff Assistant to the PresidentClyde A. Wheeler Jr.
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, MC, USA
    Staff SecretaryBrig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Assistant Staff SecretaryMaj. John S. D. Eisenhower
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects)E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff SecretaryAlbert P. Toner
    Secretary to the CabinetRobert K. Gray
    Assistant to the Secretary to the CabinetBradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentCol. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeFrederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeRobert E. Hampton
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeDouglas R. Price
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeStephen H. Hess
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeChristopher H. Russell
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentAnn C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. EisenhowerMary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 49
    Source: US Government Manual 1959 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1960–1961
    The Assistant to the PresidentWilton B. Persons
    The Deputy Assistant to the PresidentGerald D. Morgan
    Secretary to the PresidentThomas E. Stephens
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJames C. Hagerty
    Associate Press SecretaryMrs. Anne W. Wheaton
    Special Counsel to the PresidentDavid W. Kendall
    Associate Special Counsel to the PresidentHenry Roemer McPhee
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentPhillip E. Areeda
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Interdepartmental AffairsRobert E. Merriam
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional AffairsBryce N. Harlow
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHomer H. Gruenther
    Assistant to the Deputy Assistant to the PresidentEarle D. Chesney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGordon Gray
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKevin McCann
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. John S. Bragdon, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMeyer Kestnbaum
    Special Assistant to the PresidentClarence B. Randall
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKarl G. Harr Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President, and Food-for-Peace CoordinatorDon Paarlberg
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. Allen Wallis
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGeorge B. Kistiakowsky
    Special Assistant to the President for Personnel ManagementEugene J. Lyons
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentAmos J. Peaslee
    Special Consultant to the PresidentClarence Francis
    Special Consultant to the PresidentArthur Larson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentJack Z. Anderson
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMalcolm C. Moos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentEdward A. McCabe
    Staff Assistant to the PresidentClyde A. Wheeler Jr.
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder, MC, USA
    Staff Secretary to the PresidentBrig. Gen. A. J. Goodpaster, USA
    Assistant Staff SecretaryL. Arthur Minnich Jr.
    Assistant Staff SecretaryLt. Col. John S. D. Eisenhower
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Administrative Officer (Special Projects)E. Frederic Morrow
    Assistant to the Staff SecretaryChristopher J. Russell
    Secretary to the CabinetRobert K. Gray
    Assistant to the Secretary to the CabinetBradley H. Patterson Jr.
    Military Aide to the PresidentCol. Robert L. Schulz, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. E. P. Aurand, USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentCol. William G. Draper, USAF
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeJames M. Lambie Jr.
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeFrederic E. Fox
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeRobert E. Hampton
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeDouglas R. Price
    Special Assistant in the White House OfficeStephen H. Hess
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Ann C. Whitman
    Personal and Social Secretary to Mrs. EisenhowerMrs. Mary Jane McCaffree
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 49.
    Source: US Government Manual 1960 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    John F. Kennedy, 1961–1962
    Special Counsel to the PresidentTheodore C. Sorensen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentMyer Feldman
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentRichard N. Goodwin
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentLee C. White
    Press Secretary to the PresidentPierre E. G. Salinger
    Associate Press Secretary to the PresidentAndrew T. Hatcher
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMcGeorge Bundy
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLawrence F. O'Brien
    Special Assistant to the PresidentP. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJerome B. Wiesner
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRalph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentFrederick G. Dutton
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames M. Landis
    Special Assistant to the PresidentFrank D. Reeves
    Special Assistant to the PresidentArthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarris L. Wofford Jr.
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentWalt Whitman Rostow
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentTimothy J. Reardon Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHenry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for PeaceGeorge McGovern
    Physician to the PresidentDr. Janet Travell
    Military Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentComdr. Tazewell T. Shepard Jr., USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentCol. Godfrey T. McHugh, USAF
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Evelyn N. Lincoln
    Social SecretaryLetitia Baldrige
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 29.
    Source: US Government Manual 1961 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    John F. Kennedy, 1962–1963
    Special Counsel to the PresidentTheodore C. Sorensen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentMyer Feldman
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentLee C. White
    Press Secretary to the PresidentPierre E. G. Salinger
    Associate Press Secretary to the PresidentAndrew T. Hatcher
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMcGeorge Bundy
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentCarl Kaysen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHenry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Military Representative of the PresidentGen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA
    Special Assistant to the PresidentP. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJerome B. Wiesner
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for PeaceGeorge McGovern
    Special Assistant to the PresidentTimothy J. Reardon Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRalph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentArthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentBrooks Hays
    Physician to the PresidentJanet G. Travell, MD
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. Tazewell T. Shepard Jr., USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Godfrey T. McHugh, USAF
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Evelyn N. Lincoln
    Social SecretaryLetitia Baldrige
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1962 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    John F. Kennedy, 1963–1964
    Special Counsel to the PresidentTheodore C. Sorensen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentMyer Feldman
    Assistant Special Counsel to the PresidentLee C. White
    Press Secretary to the PresidentPierre E. G. Salinger
    Associate Press Secretary to the PresidentAndrew T. Hatcher
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMcGeorge Bundy
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentCarl Kaysen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHenry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentP. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJerome B. Wiesner
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for PeaceRichard W. Reuter
    Special Assistant to the PresidentTimothy J. Reardon Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRalph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentArthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentBrooks Hays
    Special Assistant to the PresidentStafford L. Warren, MD
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Lawrence
    Advisor for National Capital AffairsCharles A. Horsky
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Naval Aide to the PresidentCapt. Tazewell T. Shepard Jr., USN
    Air Force Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Godfrey T. McHugh, USAF
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Evelyn N. Lincoln
    Social SecretaryNancy L. Tuckerman
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 28.
    Source: US Government Manual 1963 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964–1965
    Counsel to the PresidentMyer Feldman
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentLee C. White
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentHobart Taylor Jr.
    Press Secretary to the PresidentGeorge E. Reedy
    Assistant Press SecretaryMalcolm M. Kilduff
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMcGeorge Bundy
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHenry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentP. Kenneth O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for PeaceRichard W. Reuter
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRalph A. Dungan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentStafford L. Warren, MD
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Lawrence
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWalter Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the PresidentBill D. Moyers
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDonald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHorace Busby Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentS. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President on the ArtsRoger L. Stevens
    Special Consultant to the PresidentJack J. Valenti
    Advisor for National Capital AffairsCharles A. Horsky
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First LadyMrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social SecretaryMrs. Bess Abell
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 29.
    Source: US Government Manual 1964 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965–1966
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMcGeorge Bundy
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHorace Busby Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentS. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRichard N. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDonald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Lawrence
    Special Assistant to the PresidentBill D. Moyers
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLawrence F. O'Brien
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHenry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJack J. Valenti
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. Marvin Watson
    Press Secretary to the PresidentGeorge E. Reedy
    Special Counsel to the PresidentLee C. White
    Legislative CounselJake Jacobsen
    Special Assistant to the President-Director, Food for PeaceRichard W. Reuter
    Advisor for National Capital AffairsCharles A. Horsky
    Military Aide to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Chester V. Clifton, USA
    Physician to the PresidentVice Adm. George G. Burkley (MC), USN
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Juanita Dugan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First LadyMrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social SecretaryMrs. Bess Abell
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 24.
    Source: US Government Manual 1965 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1966–1967
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph A. Califano Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentS. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDonald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert E. Kintner
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert W. Komer
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Lawrence
    Special Assistant to the PresidentBill D. Moyers
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWalt Whitman Rostow
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentFrancis M. Bator
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. Marvin Watson
    Special Consultant to the PresidentGen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA (Ret.)
    Special Counsel to the PresidentHarry C. McPherson Jr.
    Legislative CounselJake Jacobsen
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentClifford L. Alexander Jr.
    Counsel to the PresidentMilton P. Semer
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentRobert H. Fleming
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentHenry Hall Wilson Jr.
    Advisor for National Capital AffairsCharles A. Horsky
    Physician to the PresidentVice Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Armed Forces Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. James U. Cross, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First LadyMrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social SecretaryMrs. Bess Abell
    Executive ClerkWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1966 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1967–1968
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph A. Califano Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentS. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGeorge E. Christian
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDonald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert E. Kintner
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWalt Whitman Rostow
    Deputy Special Assistant to the PresidentFrancis M. Bator
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. Marvin Watson
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsMiss Betty Furness
    Special Consultant to the PresidentGen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA (Ret.)
    Special Consultant to the PresidentJohn P. Roche
    Special Counsel to the PresidentHarry C. McPherson Jr.
    Legislative Counsel to the PresidentHarold Barefoot Sanders Jr.
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentClifford L. Alexander Jr.
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentLawrence E. Levinson
    Associate Special Counsel to the PresidentW. DeVier Pierson
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentRobert H. Fleming
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Advisor for National Capital AffairsStephen J. Pollak
    Physician to the PresidentVice Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Armed Forces Aide to the PresidentLt. Col. James U. Cross, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First LadyMrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social SecretaryMrs. Bess Abell
    Executive AssistantWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1967 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1968–1969
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph A. Califano Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentS. Douglass Cater Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGeorge E. Christian
    Special Assistant to the PresidentE. Ernest Goldstein
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDonald F. Hornig
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames R. Jones
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWalt Whitman Rostow
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsMiss Betty Furness
    Special Consultant to the PresidentGen. Maxwell D. Taylor, USA (Ret.)
    Special Consultant to the PresidentJohn P. Roche
    Special Consultant to the PresidentGeorge E. Reedy
    Special Counsel to the PresidentHarry C. McPherson Jr.
    Legislative Counsel to the PresidentHarold Barefoot Sanders Jr.
    Counselor to the PresidentCharles S. Murphy
    Deputy Special Counsel to the PresidentLawrence E. Levinson
    Associate Special Counsel to the PresidentW. DeVier Pierson
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentRobert H. Fleming
    Assistant Press Secretary to the PresidentWyatt Thomas Johnson Jr.
    Administrative Assistant to the PresidentMike N. Manatos
    Physician to the PresidentVice Adm. George G. Burkley, MC, USN
    Armed Forces Aide to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Robert N. Ginsburgh, USAF
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMrs. Juanita Duggan Roberts
    Press Secretary and Staff Director for the First LadyMrs. Elizabeth S. Carpenter
    Social SecretaryMrs. Bess Abell
    Executive AssistantWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherJ. Bernard West
    Total = 26.
    Source: US Government Manual 1968 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1969–1970
    Counselor to the PresidentArthur F. Burns
    Assistant to the PresidentDonald Rumsfeld
    Counsel to the PresidentJohn D. Ehrlichman
    Assistant to the PresidentPeter M. Flanigan
    Special Consultant to the PresidentLeonard Garment
    Assistant to the PresidentH. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames Keogh
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsHenry A. Kissinger
    Director of Communications for the Executive BranchHerbert G. Klein
    Assistant to the President for Urban AffairsDaniel P. Moynihan
    Secretary to the CabinetJohn C. Whitaker
    Special Consultant to the PresidentCharles B. Wilkinson
    Press SecretaryRonald L. Ziegler
    Science Advisor to the PresidentLee A. DuBridge
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsKenneth E. BeLieu
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentAlexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Urban AffairsStephen Hess
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsWilliam E. Timmons
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDarrell M. Trent
    Deputy Press SecretaryGerald L. Warren
    Military Assistant to the PresidentCol. James D. Hughes, USAF
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMartin Anderson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames D. Atwater
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert J. Brown
    Special Assistant to the PresidentPatrick J. Buchanan
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentRichard T. Burress
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDwight L. Chapin
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentHenry C. Cashen II
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKenneth R. Cole Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn S. Davies
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentHarry S. Dent
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarry S. Flemming
    Special Assistant to the PresidentH. Dale Grubb
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsMrs. Virginia H. Knauer
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentEgil Krogh Jr.
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentEdward L Morgan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRaymond K. Price Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former PresidentsRobert L. Schulz
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentRose Mary Woods
    Press Secretary to the First LadyMrs. Gerry Van Der Heuvel
    Social SecretaryMrs. Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the PresidentCol. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Executive AssistantWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 46.
    Source: US Government Manual 1969 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1970–1971
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert F. Finch
    Counselor to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert P. Mayo
    Counselor to the PresidentDr. Daniel P. Moynihan
    Assistant to the PresidentDonald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJohn D. Ehrlichman
    Assistant to the PresidentPeter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the PresidentH. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsWilliam E. Timmons
    Special Consultant to the PresidentLeonard Garment
    Advisor to the President on Manpower MobilizationGen. Lewis B. Hershey, USA
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames Keogh
    Director of Communications for the Executive BranchHerbert G. Klein
    Special Consultant to the PresidentCharles B. Wilkinson
    Science Advisor to the PresidentRonald L. Ziegler
    Military Assistant to the PresidentBrig. Gen. James D. Hughes, USAF
    Special Consultant to the President for Systems AnalysisDr. Martin Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Senate RelationsKenneth E. BeLieu
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsRichard T. Burress
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentAlexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsHenry C. Cashen II
    Special Counsel to the PresidentMurray M. Chotiner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsKenneth R. Cole Jr.
    Special Counsel to the PresidentCharles W. Colson
    Special Counsel to the PresidentHarry S. Dent
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsEgil Krogh Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsEdward L. Morgan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsFranklyn C. Nofziger
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDarrell M. Trent
    Deputy Press SecretaryGerald L. Warren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJohn C. Whitaker
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMiss Rose Mary Woods
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames D. Atwater
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert J. Brown
    Special Assistant to the PresidentPatrick J. Buchanan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDwight L. Chapin
    Special Assistant to the PresidentCharles Clapp
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJack T. Cole
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRichard K. Cook
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEugene S. Cowen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn S. Davies
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHarry S. Flemming
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEdwin L. Harper
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsMrs. Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJeb S. Magruder
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn R. Price Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRaymond K. Price Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former PresidentsRobert L. Schulz
    Special Assistant to the PresidentClay T. Whitehead
    Staff Director for Mrs. NixonMrs. Constance Stuart
    Social SecretaryMrs. Lucy Alexander
    Physician to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Executive AssistantWilliam J. Hopkins
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 56.
    Source: US Government Manual 1970 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1971–1972
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert H. Finch
    Counselor to the PresidentDonald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJohn D. Ehrlichman
    Assistant to the PresidentPeter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the PresidentH. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Counsel to the President for Congressional RelationsClark MacGregor
    Assistant to the President for International Economic AffairsPeter G. Peterson
    Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsWilliam E. Timmons
    Science Advisor to the PresidentEdward E. David Jr.
    Special Consultant to the PresidentLeonard Garment
    Special Consultant to the President for Narcotics and Dangerous DrugsDr. Jerome H. Jaffe
    Special Consultant to the PresidentJohn A. Scali
    Advisor to the President on Manpower MobilizationGen. Lewis B. Hershey, USA
    Director of Communications for the Executive BranchHerbert G. Klein
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRaymond K. Price Jr.
    Press Secretary to the PresidentRonald L. Ziegler
    Military Assistant to the PresidentBrig. Gen. James D. Hughes, USAF
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentAlexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDwight L. Chapin
    Special Counsel to the PresidentCharles W. Colson
    Counsel to the PresidentJohn Wesley Dean III
    Special Counsel to the PresidentHarry S. Dent
    Special Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Moore
    Special Assistant to the PresidentFrederic V. Malek
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsBrig. Gen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJohn C. Whitaker
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHenry C. Cashen II
    Deputy Press SecretaryNeal Ball
    Deputy Press SecretaryGerald L. Warren
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentMiss Rose Mary Woods
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGeorge T. Bell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentPatrick J. Buchanan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRichard K. Cook
    Special Assistant to the PresidentEugene S. Cowen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn S. Davies
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMax L. Friedersdorf
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam L. Gifford
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMark I. Goode
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn M. Huntsman
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRoger E. Johnson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDaniel T. Kingsley
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsMrs. Virginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the PresidentTom C. Korologos
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former PresidentsRobert L. Schulz
    Staff Director for Mrs. NixonMrs. Constance Stuart
    Social SecretaryMrs. Lucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 50.
    Source: US Government Manual 1971 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1972–1973
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert H. Finch
    Counselor to the PresidentDonald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJohn D. Erhlichman
    Assistant to the PresidentPeter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the PresidentH. R. Haldeman
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsWilliam E. Timmons
    Science Advisor to the PresidentEdward E. David Jr.
    Special Consultant to the President on AgingArthur S. Flemming
    Special Consultant to the PresidentLeonard Garment
    Special Consultant to the President for Narcotics and Dangerous DrugsDr. Jerome H. Jaffe
    Special Consultant to the PresidentWilliam M. Magruder
    Special Consultant to the PresidentJohn A. Scali
    Advisor to the President on Manpower MobilizationGen. Lewis B. Hershey, USA
    Director of Communications for the Executive BranchHerbert G. Klein
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRaymond K. Price Jr.
    Press Secretary to the PresidentRonald L. Ziegler
    Military Assistant to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentAlexander P. Butterfield
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDwight L. Chapin
    Special Counsel to the PresidentCharles W. Colson
    Counsel to the PresidentJohn Wesley Dean III
    Special Counsel to the PresidentHarry S. Dent
    Special Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Moore
    Special Assistant to the PresidentFrederic V. Malek
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsMaj. Gen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr., USA
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsRichard K. Cook
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Congressional RelationsTom C. Korologos
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJohn C. Whitaker
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentHenry C. Cashen II
    Deputy Press SecretaryNeal Ball
    Deputy Director of Communications for the Executive BranchKen W. Clawson
    Deputy Press SecretaryGerald L. Warren
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentRose Mary Woods
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDesmond J. Barker Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentGeorge T. Bell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentPatrick J. Buchanan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMichael J. Farrell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMax L. Friedersdorf
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam L. Gifford
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMark I. Goode
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWallace H. Johnson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDaniel T. Kingsley
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsVirginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJonathan C. Rose
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam L. Safire
    Special Assistant to the President for Liaison with Former PresidentsRobert L. Schulz
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRonald H. Walker
    Staff Director for Mrs. NixonConstance Stuart
    Social SecretaryLucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Executive ClerkNoble Melencamp
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 53.
    Source: US Government Manual 1972 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Richard Nixon, 1973–1974
    Counselor to the PresidentAnne L. Armstrong
    Counselor to the PresidentBryce N. Harlow
    Counselor to the President for Domestic AffairsMelvin R. Laird
    Assistant to the PresidentDr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the PresidentPeter M. Flanigan
    Assistant to the PresidentGen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr., USA (Ret.)
    Special Advisor to the PresidentJohn B. Connally
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsWilliam E. Timmons
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryRonald L. Ziegler
    Counsel to the PresidentLeonard Garment
    Special Consultant to the PresidentRaymond K. Price Jr.
    Military Assistant to the PresidentBrig. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam J. Baroody Jr.
    Special Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Moore
    Special Counsel to the PresidentJ. Fred Buzhardt, Interim
    Special Consultant to the PresidentPatrick J. Buchanan
    Special Consultant to the PresidentCharles J. DiBona
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJohn Charles Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsTom C. Korologos
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsMax I. Friedersdorf
    Executive Assistant and Personal Secretary to the PresidentRose Mary Woods
    Deputy Press SecretaryGerald L. Warren
    Deputy Press SecretaryKen W. Clawson
    Deputy Press SecretaryAndrew T. Falkiewicz
    Special Assistant to the PresidentVirginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsWilburn Eugene Ainsworth Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMichael J. Farrell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLyndon K. Allin
    Special Assistant to the PresidentStephen B. Bull
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid R. Gergen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. Richard Howard
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLee W. Huebner
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the PresidentBruce A. Kehrll
    Special Assistant to the PresidentStanley S. Scott
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJames M. Sparling Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrederick L. Webber
    Social SecretaryLucy Alexander Winchester
    Physician to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Walter R. Tkach, USAF, MC
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 42.
    Source: US Government Manual 1973 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Gerald Ford, 1974–1975
    Counselor to the PresidentAnne L. Armstrong
    Counselor to the PresidentDean Burch
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert T. Hartmann
    Counselor to the PresidentJohn O. Marsh Jr.
    Counselor to the President for Economic PolicyKenneth Rush
    Assistant to the PresidentRoy L. Ash
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsKenneth R. Cole Jr.
    Assistant to the PresidentGen. Alexander M. Haig Jr., USA (Ret.)
    Assistant to the PresidentDr. Henry A. Kissinger
    Assistant to the PresidentWilliam E. Timmons
    Counsel to the PresidentPhilip W. Buchen
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJ. F. TerHorst
    Special Consultant to the PresidentWilliam J. Baroody Jr.
    Military Assistant to the PresidentMaj. Gen. Richard L. Lawson, USAF
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentAndrew T. Falkiewicz
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentMax L. Friedersdorf
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentJohn W. Hushen
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentSidney L. Jones
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentTom C. Korologos
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsLt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Special Assistant to the PresidentVirginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilburn Eugene Ainsworth Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentFernando E. C. De Baca
    Assistant Press SecretaryThomas P. Decair
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRoland L. Elliott
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid R. Gergen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWilliam Henkel Jr.
    Assistant Press Secretary to the PresidentJames R. Holland
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid C. Hoopes
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLt. Col. George A. Joulwan, USA
    Special Assistant to the PresidentVernon C. Loen
    Special Assistant to the PresidentCharles M. Lichenstein
    Special Assistant to the PresidentTheodore C. Marrs
    Special Assistant to the PresidentPaul A. Miltich
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJohn E. Nidecker
    Special Assistant to the PresidentPatrick E. O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the PresidentTerrence O'Donnell
    Appointments Secretary to the PresidentWarren S. Rustand
    Special Assistant to the PresidentStanley S. Scott
    Special Assistant to the PresidentW. J. Usery Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid J. Wimer
    Social SecretaryLucy Alexander Winchester
    Director, Office of Presidential MessagesEliska A. Hasek
    Deputy Staff Secretary to the PresidentDavid C. Hoopes
    Personal Photographer to the PresidentDavid Hume Kennerly
    Personal Assistant to the PresidentMildred V. Leonard
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House)Charles Leppert Jr.
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Patrick E. O'Donnell
    Aide to the PresidentTerrence O'Donnell
    Assistant Press SecretaryJohn W. Roberts
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the PresidentRussell A. Rourke
    Director, Scheduling OfficeWarren S. Rustand
    Assistant Press Secretary (Foreign Affairs)Edward J. Savage
    Assistant Press SecretaryLarry M. Speakes
    Director, Research OfficeAgnes M. Waldron
    Deputy Director, Office of Public LiaisonDonald A. Webster
    Deputy Director, Presidential Personnel OfficeM. Alan Woods
    Social SecretaryNancy Ruwe
    Press Secretary to the First LadySheila Rabb Weidenfeld
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 63.
    Source: US Government Manual 1974 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Gerald Ford, 1975–1976
    Counsel to the PresidentPhilip W. Buchen
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert T. Hartmann
    Assistant to the PresidentHenry A. Kissinger
    Counselor to the PresidentJohn O. Marsh Jr.
    Assistant to the PresidentDonald Rumsfeld
    Assistant to the President for Management and BudgetJames T. Lynn
    Press Secretary to the PresidentRonald H. Nessen
    Assistant to the President for Economic AffairsL. William Seidman
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJames M. Cannon
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonWilliam J. Baroody Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsMax. L. Friedersdorf
    Counsel to the PresidentRoderick M. Hills
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentRichard B. Cheney
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentWilliam I. Greener Jr.
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentJohn W. Hushen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsLt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Counsel to the PresidentWilliam E. Casselman II
    Special Consultant to the PresidentRobert A. Goldwin
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentGerald L. Warren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Vernon C. Loen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)William T. Kendall
    Secretary to the CabinetJames E. Connor
    Special Assistant to the President for Hispanic AffairsFernando E.C. De Baca
    Staff Secretary to the PresidentJerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsVirginia H. Knauer
    Military Assistant to the PresidentCapt. Leland S. Kollmorgen, USN
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKenneth A. Lazarus
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJames A. Wilderotter
    Special Assistant to the President for WomenPatricia S. Lindh
    Special Assistant to the President for Human ResourcesTheodore C. Marrs
    Special Assistant to the President for Minority AffairsStanley S. Scott
    Executive Editor, Editorial OfficePaul A. Theis
    Special Assistant to the President for Labor-Management NegotiationsW. J. Usery Jr.
    Director, Presidential Personnel OfficeWilliam N. Walker
    Assistant Press Secretary to the PresidentMargareta E. White
    Deputy Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the PresidentGwen A. Anderson
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House)Douglas P. Bennett
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the PresidentJohn T. Calkins
    Director, Advance OfficeByron M. Cavaney Jr.
    Assistant Press Secretary (Domestic Affairs)John G. Carlson
    Assistant Press Secretary to the PresidentThomas P. Decair
    Associate CounselDudley H. Chapman
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentDorothy E. Downton
    Director, Correspondence OfficeRoland L. Elliott
    Director, Office of White House VisitorsMichael J. Farrell
    Deputy Editor, Editorial OfficeMilton A. Friedman
    Director, Office of Presidential MessagesEliska A. Hasek
    Deputy Staff Secretary to the PresidentDavid C. Hoopes
    Personal Photographer to the PresidentDavid Hume Kennerly
    Personal Assistant to the PresidentMildred V. Leonard
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House)Charles Leppert Jr.
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Patrick E. O'Donnell
    Aide to the PresidentTerrence O'Donnell
    Assistant Press SecretaryJohn W. Roberts
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the PresidentRussell A. Rourke
    Director, Scheduling OfficeWarren S. Rustand
    Assistant Press SecretaryLarry M. Speakes
    Director, Research OfficeAgnes M. Waldron
    Deputy Director, Office of the Public LiaisonDonald A. Webster
    Deputy Director, Presidential Personnel OfficeM. Alan Woods
    Social SecretaryNancy Ruwe
    Press Secretary to the First LadySheila Rabb Weidenfeld
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 65.
    Source: US Government Manual 1975 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Gerald Ford, 1976–1977
    Counsel to the PresidentPhilip W. Buchen
    Counselor to the PresidentRobert T. Hartmann
    Counselor to the PresidentJohn O. Marsh Jr.
    Assistant to the PresidentRichard B. Cheney
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonWilliam J. Baroody Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJames M. Cannon
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsMax L. Friedersdorf
    Assistant to the President for Management and BudgetJames T. Lynn
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsLt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President for Economic AffairsL. William Seidman
    Press Secretary to the PresidentRonald H. Nessen
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentJohn G. Carlson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsJames H. Cavanaugh
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Urban AffairsArthur A. Fletcher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic AffairsWilliam F. Gorog
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam G. Hyland
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Charles Leppert Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)William T. Kendall
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentEdward C. Schmults
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Staff Secretary to the PresidentJames E. Connor
    Special Consultant to the PresidentRobert A. Goldwin
    Director, Presidential Personnel OfficeDouglas P. Bennett
    Special Assistant to the President for Minority AffairsJohn C. Calhoun
    Special Assistant to the PresidentByron M. Cavaney Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentMilton A. Friedman
    Special Counsel to the PresidentDavid R. Gergen
    Special Assistant to the President for WomenMaj. Gen. Jeanne M. Holm, USAF (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJerry H. Jones
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsVirginia H. Knauer
    Military Assistant to the PresidentCapt. Leland S. Kollmorgen, USN
    Special Assistant to the President for Ethnic AffairsMyron B. Kuropas
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKenneth A. Lazarus
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsStephen G. McConahey
    Special Assistant to the President for Human ResourcesTheodore C. Marrs
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert Orden
    Special Counsel to the PresidentMichael Raoul-Duval
    Assistant Press Secretary to the PresidentLarry M. Speakes
    Assistant Press Secretary to the PresidentMargareta E. White
    Editor, Presidential Messages and ResearchGwen A. Anderson
    Director, Press Advance OfficeDouglass C. Blaser
    Personal Secretary to the PresidentDorothy E. Downton
    Director, Correspondence OfficeRoland L. Elliott
    Director, Office of White House VisitorsMichael J. Farrell
    Director, Office of Presidential MessagesEliska A. Hasek
    Director, Office of Presidential SpokesmenWarren K. Hendriks Jr.
    Deputy Staff Secretary to the PresidentDavid C. Hoopes
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Joseph S. Jenckes V
    Associate CounselBarbara G. Kilberg
    Personal Photographer of the PresidentDavid Hume Kennerly
    Personal Assistant to the PresidentMildred V. Leonard
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House)Thomas L. Loeffler
    Director, Research OfficeCharles H. McCall
    Deputy Director, Presidential Personnel OfficePeter M. McPherson
    Director, Scheduling OfficeWilliam W. Nicholson
    Aide to the PresidentTerrence O'Donnell
    Special Assistant for Legislative Affairs (House)J. Patrick Rowland
    Executive Secretary, Economic Policy BoardRoger B. Porter
    Assistant Press SecretaryJohn W. Roberts
    Executive Assistant to the Counselor to the PresidentRussell A. Rourke
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRobert K. Wolthuis
    Social SecretaryMaria Downs
    Press Secretary to the First LadySheila Rabb Weidenfeld
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 65.
    Source: US Government Manual 1976 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1977–1978
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsZbigniew Brzezinski
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMargaret Constanza
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs PolicyStuart E. Eizenstat
    Assistant to the PresidentHamilton Jordan
    Counsel to the PresidentRobert J. Lipshutz
    Assistant to the President for Congressional LiaisonFrank B. Moore
    Assistant to the President for ReorganizationRichard A. Pettigrew
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJoseph L. Powell
    Assistant to the PresidentJames R. Schlesinger
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJack H. Watson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph W. Aragon
    Special Assistant to the President for Health IssuesPeter G. Bourne
    Special Assistant to the President for AdministrationHugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Budget and OrganizationRichard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the President for Media and Public AffairsBarry Jagoda
    Special Assistant to the President for PersonnelJames B. King
    Special Assistant to the President for AppointmentsTimothy E. Kraft
    Special Assistant to the President for Special ProjectsMartha M. Mitchell
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsEsther Peterson
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the PresidentSusan S. Clough
    Press Secretary to the First Lady and East Wing CoordinatorMary Finch Hoyt
    Personal Assistant to the First LadyMadeline F. MacBean
    Social SecretaryGretchen Poston
    Social Assistant to the PresidentMaxie Wells
    Deputy Assistant for National Security AffairsDavid L. Aaron
    Deputy Assistant for Intergovernmental AffairsLawrence A. Bailey
    Deputy AssistantLandon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)William H. Cable
    Deputy Director, Domestic CouncilBertram W. Carp
    Deputy Secretary to the CabinetJane L. Frank
    Deputy Press SecretaryRex L. Granum
    Deputy CounselMargaret A. McKenna
    Deputy Assistant for Public LiaisonRobert A. Nastanovich
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyDavid M. Rubenstein
    Director, White House ProjectsGregory S. Schneiders
    Deputy Associate for Congressional Affairs (Senate)Danny C. Tate
    Deputy Press SecretaryWalter W. Wurfel
    Deputy Press Secretary to the First LadyAnn M. Anderson
    Senior Associate CounselMichael H. Cardozo V
    Associate Press SecretaryWalter E. Duka
    Chief SpeechwriterJames M. Fallows
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Projects)Leslie C. Franci
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)James C. Free
    Deputy Special Assistant for PersonnelJames F. Gammill Jr.
    Senior Associate CounselDouglas B. Huron
    Staff SecretaryRichard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsBruce Kirschenbaum
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsThomas M. Parham Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for ResearchElizabeth A. Rainwater
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Administration)Robert K. Russell Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate)Robert Thomson
    Associate for Public LiaisonS. Stephen Selig III
    Deputy Assistant for Policy AnalysisMark A. Siegel
    Deputy Special Assistant for AppointmentsTimothy G. Smith
    Director of SchedulingFrances M. Voorde
    Associate CounselPatrick Apodaca
    Associate Press SecretaryPatricia Y. Bario
    Director of Projects/Issues/Research for the First LadyKathryn E. Cade
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Operations)Michael Cushing
    SpeechwriterJerome H. Doolittle
    Associate Press SecretaryWilliam Drummond
    Appointments Secretary to the First LadyJane S. Fenderson
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Financial, Regulatory, Legal Agencies)Lisbeth K. Godley
    Associate Special Assistant for AppointmentsJ. William Heckman Jr.
    SpeechwriterAchsah P. Nesmith
    Deputy Special Assistant for Media and Public AffairsRichard M. Neustadt
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Advisory Boards and NonSalaried Appointments)Peggy E. Rainwater
    Associate Special Assistant for Personnel (Human Services, International Transportation)Diana Rock
    Associate Press SecretaryJerrold Schecter
    Deputy Staff SecretaryWilliam D. Simon
    SpeechwriterGriffin Smith Jr.
    Director, Research OfficeStephen M. Travis
    Editor, News SummaryClaudia M. Townsend
    Coordinator, Visitors OfficeNancy A. Willing
    Director of AdvanceEllis A. Woodward
    Director, White House Military OfficeWarren L. Gulley
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 80.
    Source: US Government Manual 1977 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1978–1979
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsZbigniew Brzezinski
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMargaret Constanza
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs and PolicyStuart E. Eizenstat
    Assistant to the PresidentHamilton Jordan
    Assistant to the PresidentTimothy E. Kraft
    Counsel to the PresidentRobert J. Lipshutz
    Assistant to the President for Congressional LiaisonFrank B. Moore
    Assistant to the President for ReorganizationRichard A. Pettigrew
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJoseph L. Powell
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJack H. Watson Jr.
    Assistant to the PresidentAnne Wexler
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJoseph W. Aragon
    Special Assistant to the President for Health IssuesPeter G. Bourne
    Special Assistant to the President for AdministrationHugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Information ManagementRichard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the President for Media and Public AffairsBarry Jagoda
    Special Assistant to the President for Special ProjectsMartha M. Mitchell
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsEsther Peterson
    Appointments Secretary to the PresidentPhillip J. Wise Jr.
    Counselor to the President on AgingNelson Cruikshank
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the PresidentSusan S. Clough
    Press Secretary to the First Lady and East Wing CoordinatorMary Finch Hoyt
    Personal Assistant to the First LadyMadeline F. MacBean
    Social SecretaryGretchen Poston
    Deputy Assistant for National Security AffairsDavid L. Aaron
    Deputy to the Assistant to the PresidentLandon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)William H. Cable
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyBertram W. Carp
    Deputy to the Assistant to the PresidentMichael H. Chanin
    Deputy Secretary to the CabinetJane L. Frank
    Deputy Press SecretaryRex L. Granun
    Deputy CounselMargaret A. McKenna
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyDavid M. Rubenstein
    Director, White House ProjectsGregory S. Schneiders
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate)Danny C. Tate
    Deputy Assistant for Public LiaisonSeymour Wishman
    Deputy Press SecretaryWalter W. Wurfel
    Director, White House Military OfficeMarvin L. Beaman Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Robert G. Beckel
    Senior Associate CounselMichael H. Cardozo V
    Chief SpeechwriterJames M. Fallows
    Appointments Secretary to the First LadyJane S. Fenderson
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Projects)Leslie C. Francis
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)James C. Free
    Director of the Presidential Personnel OfficeJames F. Gammill Jr.
    Director, White House OperationsValerio L. Giannini
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsLawrence D. Gilson
    Senior Associate CounselDouglas B. Huron
    Staff SecretaryRichard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsBruce Kirschenbaum
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for ResearchElizabeth A. Rainwater
    Special Assistant for Congressional LiaisonRobert K. Russell Jr.
    Deputy AssistantS. Stephen Selig III
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate)Robert Thomson
    Associate Press SecretaryClaudia M. Townsend
    Deputy Appointments SecretaryFrances M. Voorde
    Counsel to the Intelligence Oversight BoardBurton V. Wides
    Deputy Press Secretary to the First LadyAnn M. Anderson
    Associate CounselPatrick Apodaca
    Associate Press SecretaryPatricia Y. Bario
    Editor, News SummaryPatricia E. Bauer
    Director of Projects/Issues/Research for the First LadyKathryn E. Cade
    Director, Office of Presidential MessagesEliska Hasek Coolidge
    SpeechwriterJerome H. Doolittle
    Associate Press SecretaryMarc T. Henderson
    Special Assistant to the Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyJoanne K. Hurley
    SpeechwriterAchsah P. Nesmith
    Associate Director, Presidential Personnel OfficePeggy E. Rainwater
    Associate Director, Presidential Personnel OfficeDiana Rock
    Associate Press SecretaryJerrold Schecter
    SpeechwriterGriffin Smith Jr.
    Director, Visitors OfficeNancy A. Willing
    Director of AdvanceEllis A. Woodward
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 77.
    Source: US Government Manual 1978 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1979–1980
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsZbigniew Brzezinski
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsStuart E. Eizenstat
    Assistant to the PresidentHamilton Jordan
    Advisor to the President on InflationAlfred E. Kahn
    Assistant to the PresidentTimothy E. Kraft
    Counsel to the PresidentRobert J. Lipshutz
    Assistant to the President for Congressional LiaisonFrank B. Moore
    Assistant to the President for ReorganizationRichard A. Pettigrew
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJoseph L. Powell
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsGerald M. Rafshoon
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJack H. Watson Jr.
    Assistant to the PresidentAnne Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President for AdministrationHugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Information ManagementRichard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLouis E. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsEsther Peterson
    Special Assistant to the PresidentSarah C. Weddington
    Appointments Secretary to the PresidentPhillip J. Wise Jr.
    Counselor to the President on AgingNelson H. Cruikshank
    Deputy Assistant for National Security AffairsDavid L. Aaron
    Deputy Press SecretaryPatricia Y. Bario
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentLandon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)William H. Cable
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyBertram W. Carp
    Deputy to the Assistant to the PresidentMichael H. Chanin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Deputy Secretary to the CabinetEugene Eidenberg
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison CoordinationLeslie C. Francis
    Deputy Press SecretaryRex L. Granum
    Deputy Assistant for Political LiaisonJoel McCleary
    Deputy CounselMargaret A. McKenna
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyDavid M. Rubenstein
    Deputy to the Assistant to the President for CommunicationsGregory S. Schneiders
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate)Danny C. Tate
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Robert G. Beckel
    Senior Associate CounselMichael H. Cardozo V
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the PresidentSusan S. Clough
    Associate for Congressional Liaison CoordinationJames M. Copeland Jr.
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)James C. Free
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsLawrence D. Gilson
    Deputy Assistant for Political LiaisonRichard Hernandez
    Press Secretary to the First Lady and Staff CoordinatorMary Finch Hoyt
    Senior Associate CounselDouglas B. Huron
    Staff SecretaryRichard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsBruce Kirschenbaum
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Robert W. Maher
    Director of the Presidential Personnel OfficeArnie Miller
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for ResearchElizabeth A. Rainwater
    Special Assistant for Congressional LiaisonRobert K. Russell Jr.
    Deputy Assistant (Jordan)S. Stephen Selig III
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Terrence D. Straub
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate)Robert Thomson
    Deputy Appointments SecretaryFrances M. Voorde
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-Military OfficeMarvin L. Beaman Jr.
    Deputy Special Assistant for AdministrationValerio L. Giannini
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-White House OperationsDaniel Malachuk Jr.
    Personal Assistant to the First LadyMadeline F. MacBean
    Social SecretaryGretchen Poston
    Deputy Director of the Presidential Personnel OfficeHarley Frankel
    Associate Assistant (Wexler)Jane D. Hartley
    Chief SpeechwriterHendrik Hertzberg
    Counsel to the Intelligence Oversight BoardGilbert L. Kujovich
    Associate Press SecretaryMarc T. Henderson
    Special Assistant to the Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyJoanne K. Hurley
    Director, Office of Presidential MessagesEliska Hasek Coolidge
    Deputy to the Assistant to the PresidentThomas V. Beard
    Director of Projects for the First LadyKathryn E. Cade
    Director of Community Liaison (First Lady)Jane S. Fenderson
    Director of AdvanceEllis A. Woodward
    Director, Visitors OfficeNancy A. Willing
    Deputy Press Secretary (First Lady)Faith A. Collins
    Editor, News SummaryPatricia E. Bauer
    CuratorClement E. Conger
    Chief Executive ClerkRobert D. Linder
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 76.
    Source: US Government Manual 1979 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Jimmy Carter, 1980–1981
    Assistant to the PresidentHamilton Jordan
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsZbigniew Brzezinski
    Counsel to the PresidentLloyd N. Cutler
    Staff Director for the First LadyEdith J. Dobelle
    Senior Adviser to the PresidentHedley Donovan
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs and PolicyStuart E. Eizenstat
    Advisor to the President on InflationAlfred E. Kahn
    Assistant to the President and Staff DirectorAlonzo Lowry McDonald Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Congressional LiaisonFrank B. Moore
    Press Secretary to the PresidentJoseph L. Powell
    Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant to the President on Intergovernmental AffairsJack H. Watson Jr.
    Assistant to the PresidentSarah. C. Weddington
    Assistant to the PresidentAnne Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President for Ethnic AffairsStephen R. Aiello
    Special Assistant to the President for AdministrationHugh A. Carter Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Information ManagementRichard M. Harden
    Special Assistant to the PresidentC. Ray Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the PresidentLouis E. Martin
    Special Advisor to the PresidentAlfred H. Moses
    Special Assistant to the President for Consumer AffairsEsther Peterson
    Special Assistant to the President for Hispanic AffairsEsteban E. Torres
    Appointments Secretary to the PresidentPhillip J. Wise Jr.
    Counselor to the President on AgingHarold L. Sheppard
    Deputy Assistant for National Security AffairsDavid L. Aaron
    Deputy Press SecretaryPatricia Y. Bario
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentLandon Butler
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)William H. Cable
    Deputy CounselMichael H. Cardozo V
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyBertram W. Carp
    Deputy to the Assistant to the PresidentMichael H. Chanin
    Deputy Appointments SecretaryRobert H. Dunn
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs And Deputy Secretary to the CabinetEugene Eidenberg
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Coordination)James M. Copeland Jr.
    Deputy Press SecretaryRex L. Granum
    Deputy CounselJoseph N. Onek
    Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyDavid M. Rubinstein
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Senate)Danny C. Tate
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentWilliam E. Albers
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Robert G. Beckel
    Personal Assistant/Secretary to the PresidentSusan C. Free
    Deputy Assistant for Political LiaisonRichard Hernandez
    Chief SpeechwriterHendrik Hertzberg
    Press Secretary to the First LadyMary Finch Hoyt
    Senior Associate CounselDouglas B. Huron
    Staff SecretaryRichard G. Hutcheson III
    Associate for Intergovernmental AffairsBruce Kirschenbaum
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Robert W. Maher
    Director of the Presidential Personnel OfficeArnie Miller
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Valerie F. Pinson
    Deputy Assistant for ResearchElizabeth A. Rainwater
    Deputy to the Staff DirectorMichael James Rowny
    Special Assistant for Congressional LiaisonRobert K. Russell Jr.
    Associate Assistant (Wexler)John Ryor
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentWilliam G. Simpson
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (House)Terrence D. Straub
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentLinda Tarr-Whelan
    Deputy Assistant for Congressional LiaisonRobert Thomson
    Deputy Appointments SecretaryFrances M. Voorde
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-Military OfficeMarvin L. Beaman Jr.
    Deputy Special Assistant for Administration-White House OperationsDaniel Malachuk Jr.
    Personal Assistant to the First LadyMadeline F. MacBean
    Social SecretaryGretchen Poston
    Deputy Director of the Presidential Personnel officeHarley Frankel
    Special Assistant for Congressional Liaison (Legislative Coordinator)Ronna Reiberg
    Associate Assistant (Wexler)Jane D. Harley
    Deputy Chief SpeechwriterGordon C. Steward
    Counsel to the Intelligence Oversight BoardJames V. Dick
    Associate Press SecretaryMarc T. Henderson
    Special Assistant to the Assistant for Domestic Affairs and PolicyKathleen A. Reid
    Director, Presidential MessagesEliska Hasek Coolidge
    Special Assistant for Hispanic AffairsRaul Robert Tapia
    Deputy to the Assistant to the PresidentThomas V. Beard
    Director of Projects for the First LadyKathryn E. Cade
    Director of Scheduling (First Lady)Jane S. Fenderson
    Director, Visitors OfficeNancy A. Willing
    Deputy Press Secretary (First Lady)Faith A. Collins
    Editor, News SummaryJanet E. McMahon
    CuratorClement E. Conger
    Physician to the PresidentRear Adm. William M. Lukash, MC, USN
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 80.
    Source: US Government Manual 1980 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1981–1982
    Counselor to the PresidentEdwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentJames A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentMichael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRichard V. Allen
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMartin Anderson
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames Scott Brady
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonElizabeth Hanford Dole
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsMax L. Friedersdorf
    Assistant to the President and Staff DirectorDavid R. Gergen
    Assistant to the PresidentEdwin L. Harper
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelE. Pendleton James
    Assistant to the President for Political AffairsFranklyn C. Nofziger
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRichard Salisbury Williamson
    Deputy Counselor to the PresidentRobert M. Garrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of StaffJoseph W. Canzeri
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonRed Cavaney
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffRichard G. Darman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsKenneth M. Duberstein
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Cabinet AdministrationCraig L. Fuller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Policy DevelopmentEdwin J. Gray
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support ServicesEdward V. Hickey Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffFrancis S. M. Hodsoll
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsAlan F. Holmer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Staff for the First LadyPeter McCoy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsPowell Allen Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames W. Nance
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsEdward Rollins
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryKarna Small Stringer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications and Director of the Office of CommunicationsFrank A. Ursomarso
    Assistant Counselor to the PresidentEdwin W. Thomas Jr.
    Deputy Counselor to the PresidentHerbert E. Ellingwood
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Hauser
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentLarry M. Speakes
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentDouglas Leighton Bandow
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonAram Bakshian Jr.
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRichard Smith Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMorton C. Blackwell
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonRobert F. Bonitati
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJohn F. Burgess
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid C. Fischer
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentKevin Randall Hopkins
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonVirginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Special Support ServicesDennis E. Leblanc
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonDiana L. Lozano
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJ. Steven Rhodes
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJudy F. Peachee
    Special Assistant to the President for AdministrationJohn F.W. Rogers
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Advance OfficeStephen M. Studdert
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonWayne H. Valis
    Special Assistant to the PresidentHelene A. Von Damm
    Special Assistant for SchedulingGregory Newell
    CuratorClement E. Conger
    Physician to the PresidentDaniel Ruge, MD
    Chief UsherRex W. Scouten
    Total = 55.
    Source: US Government Manual 1981 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1982–1983
    Counselor to the PresidentEdwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentJames A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentMichael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam P. Clark
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffRichard G. Darman
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonElizabeth H. Dole
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsKenneth M. Duberstein
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsCraig L. Fuller
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDavid R. Gergen
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentEdwin L. Harper
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support ServicesEdward V. Hickey Jr.
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelE. Pendleton James
    Deputy Counselor to the PresidentJames E. Jenkins
    Assistant to the President for Political AffairsEdward J. Rollins
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRichard S. Williamson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsLee Atwater
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingAram Bakshian Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public AffairsMichael Baroody
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonRed Cavaney
    Assistant Counselor to the PresidentT. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Policy InformationEdwin J. Gray
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsAlan F. Holmer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert C. McFarlane
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Deputy Chief of StaffMichael A. McManus
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)M. B. Oglesby
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy DevelopmentRoger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director of the Office of AdministrationJohn F. W. Rogers
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJames S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentLarry M. Speakes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Relations and PlanningKarna Small Stringer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCharles P. Tyson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelHelene A. Von Damm
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentLyndon K. Allin
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Planning and EvaluationRichard S. Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for CommunicationsJoanna E. Bistany
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMorton C. Blackwell
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentDanny J. Boggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonRobert F. Bonitati
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonWendy H. Borcherdt
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin B. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Deputy Director Of the Office of Public LiaisonJohn F. Burgess
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRobert B. Carleson
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Assistant to the Chief of StaffJames W. Cicconi
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsSherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief SpeechwriterAnthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn D. Dressendorfer
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet AffairsBecky Norton Dunlop
    Personal Photographer to the PresidentMichael A. W. Evans
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid C. Fischer
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentWendell W. Gunn
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentKevin R. Hopkins
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRobert J. Kabel
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonVirginia H. Knauer
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Special Support ServicesDennis E. Leblanc
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Deputy Director of the Office of Public LiaisonDiana Lozano
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsA. Morgan Mason
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJames M. Medas
    Special Assistant to the President for Private Sector InitiativesJ. Upsher Moorhead
    Special Assistant to the President for International AffairsRick Neal
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingGregory J. Newell
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy J. Risque
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJ. Steven Rhodes
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentPeter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsPaul A. Russo
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn F. Scruggs
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of StaffWilliam J. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceStephen M. Studdert
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid L. Swanson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRobert J. Thomson
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffMargaret D. Tutwiler
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael M. Uhlmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonWayne H. Valis
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid L. Wright
    Total = 78.
    Source: US Government Manual 1982 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1983–1984
    Counselor to the PresidentEdwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentJames A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentMichael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam P. Clark
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffRichard G. Darman
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsKenneth M. Duberstein
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsCraig L. Fuller
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDavid R. Gergen
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentEdwin L. Harper
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelJohn S. Herrington
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support ServicesEdward V. Hickey Jr.
    Deputy Counselor to the PresidentJames E. Jenkins
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Deputy Chief of StaffMichael A. McManus
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of AdministrationJohn F.W. Rogers
    Assistant to the President for Political AffairsEdward J. Rollins
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsLee Verstandig
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonFaith Ryan Whittlesey
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsLee Atwater
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingAram Bakshian Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public AffairsMichael Baroody
    Assistant Counselor to the PresidentT. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelBecky Norton Dunlop
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert C. McFarlane
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRich J. Neal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)M. B. Oglesby
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy DevelopmentRoger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJames S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentLarry M. Speakes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media Relations and PlanningKarna Small Stringer
    Deputy Assistant to the President Legislative Affairs (Senate)Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCharles P. Tyson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJonathan Vipond III
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentLyndon K. Allin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsNormal A. Bailey
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public AffairsPamela G. Bailey
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRichard S. Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for CommunicationsJoanna E. Bistany
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMorton C. Blackwell
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Cabinet Council on Management and AdministrationRalph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentDanny J. Boggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin B. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJudith A. Buckalew
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRobert B. Carleson
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Assistant to the Chief of StaffJames W. Cicconi
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentSherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President for Private Sector InitiativesJames K. Coyne
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRandall E. Davis
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief SpeechwriterAnthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn H. Dressendorfer
    Personal Photographer to the PresidentMichael A. W. Evans
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid C. Fischer
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDonald R. Fortier
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRobert R. Gleason
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentHarold P. Goldfield
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentWendell W. Gunn
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsEdmund S. Hawley
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceWilliam Henkel
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentKevin R. Hopkins
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsC. A. Howlett
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMary Jo Jacobi
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonDee Ann Jepsen
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRobert J. Kabel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGeoffrey T. H. Kemp
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert M. Kimmitt
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRonald F. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Presidential MessagesMary Jo T. Livingston
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJames M. Medas
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWalter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy J. Risque
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJohn G. Roberts Jr.
    Deputy Press Secretary to the PresidentPeter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJohn H. Rousselot
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPeter J. Rusthoven
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingFrederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn F. Scruggs
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGaston J. Sigur Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert B. Sims
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of StaffWilliam F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid L. Swanson
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse PolicyCarlton E. Turner
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffMargaret D. Tutwiler
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael M. Uhlmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonCatalina Villalpando
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentDavid B. Waller
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentD. Edward Wilson Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid L. Wright
    Total = 92.
    Source: US Government Manual 1983 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1984–1985
    Counselor to the PresidentEdwin Meese III
    Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentJames A. Baker III
    Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the PresidentMichael K. Deaver
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames S. Brady
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffRichard G. Darman
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsCraig L. Fuller
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelJohn S. Herrington
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support ServicesEdward V. Hickey Jr.
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert C. McFarlane
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Deputy Chief of StaffMichael A. McManus
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsM. B. Oglesby
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of AdministrationJohn F. W. Rogers
    Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press SecretaryLarry M. Speakes
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentJohn A. Svahn
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsLee Verstandig
    Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonFaith Ryan Whittlesey
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public AffairsMichael Baroody
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Planning and EvaluationBruce Chapman
    Assistant Counselor to the PresidentT. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonFrank J. Donatelli
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelBecky Norton Dunlop
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingBently T. Elliott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDonald R. Fortier
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Presidential Advance OfficeWilliam Henkel
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentCharles D. Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert M. Kimmitt
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRick J. Neal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJohn M. Poindexter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy DevelopmentRoger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJames S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director, Public Affairs, National Security CouncilKarna Small
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)W. Dennis Thomas
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Pamela J. Turner
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Communications PlanningPamela G. Bailey
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRichard S. Beal
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRalph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMarshall J. Breger
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJudith A. Buckalew
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Assistant to the Chief of StaffJames W. Cicconi
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentSherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President for Private Sector InitiativesJames K. Coyne
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRandall E. Davis
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsKenneth E. Degraffenreid
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief SpeechwriterAnthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsThomas R. Donnelly Jr.
    Personal Photographer to the PresidentMichael A. W. Evans
    Special Assistant to the PresidentDavid C. Fisher
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic AffairsMax Marlin Fitzwater
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentH. Lawrence Garret III
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRobert R. Gleason
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentWendell W. Gunn
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsEdmund S. Hawley
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsC. A. Howlett
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn M. Hudson
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMary Jo Jacobi
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRobert J. Kabel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGeoffrey T. H. Kemp
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsChristopher M. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRonald F. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentBurleigh C. W. Leonard
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Presidential MessagesMary Jo T. Livingston
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam F. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJack F. Matlock Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsConstantine C. Menges
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRichard H. Prendergast
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWalter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonDouglas A. Riggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy J. Risque
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJohn G. Roberts Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Health PolicyWilliam L. Roper
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryPeter H. Roussel
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPeter J. Rushover
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingFrederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGaston J. Sigur Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign AffairsRobert B. Sims
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Deputy Chief of StaffWilliam F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Media RelationsMerrie Spaeth
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse PolicyCarlton E. Turner
    Special Assistant to the PresidentRobert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffMargaret D. Tutwiler
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael M. Uhlmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonCatalina V. Villalpando
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentDavid B. Waller
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentWendell L. Wilkie
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid L. Wright
    Total = 91.
    Source: US Government Manual 1984 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1985–1986
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentDonald T. Regan
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames Scott Brady
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsPatrick J. Buchanan
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Assistant to the President and Legislative Strategy CoordinatorMax L. Friedersdorf
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special Support ServicesEdward V. Hickey Jr.
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert C. McFarlane
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsM. B. Oglesby
    Assistant to the President for Political and Governmental AffairsEdward J. Rollins
    Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press SecretaryLarry M. Speakes
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentJohn A. Svahn
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Planning and EvaluationBruce Chapman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public LiaisonLinda Chavez
    Staff Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Chew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental AffairsMitchell E. Daniels Jr.
    Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff and Deputy Assistant to the PresidentThomas C. Dawson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingBently T. Elliott
    Deputy Assistant to the President or National Security AffairsDonald R. Fortier
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentRichard A. Hauser
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Presidential Advance OfficeWilliam Henkel
    Deputy Assistant to the President for AdministrationChristopher Hicks
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentCharles D. Hobbs
    Cabinet Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the PresidentAlfred H. Kingon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Alan M. Kranowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsWilliam B. Lacy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsVice Adm. John M. Poindexter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Development and Director of the Office of Policy DevelopmentRoger B. Porter
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJames S. Rosebush
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentFrederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for Public Affairs, National Security CouncilKarna Small
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse PolicyCarlton E. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senator)Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelRobert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsRonald L. Alvarado
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Public LiaisonLinda L. Arey
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsHaley Barbour
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Cabinet CouncilRalph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic AffairsAlbert R. Brashear
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMarshal J. Breger
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsHelen R. Cameron
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentSherrie M. Cooksey
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames P. Covey
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief SpeechwriterAnthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsThomas Donnelly Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsHenry M. Gandy
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentH. Lawrence Garrett III
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBryce L. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn M. Hudson
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMary Jo Jacobi
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames F. Kuhn
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsChristopher M. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRonald F. Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrederick D. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam F. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJohn F. Matlock Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsConstantine C. Menges
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential SpeechwritingMargaret Noonan
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDeborah K. Owen
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRichard Prendergast
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWalter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonRobert R. Reilly
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy J. Risque
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJohn G. Roberts Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Health PolicyWilliam L. Roper
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryPeter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGaston J. Sigur Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Policy DevelopmentPaul B. Simmons
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign AffairsRobert B. Sims
    Physician to the PresidentT. Burton Smith, MD
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonCatalina Villalpando
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentDavid B. Waller
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsLyn M. Withey
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJames L. Hooley
    Total = 78.
    Source: US Government Manual 1985 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1986–1987
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentDonald T. Regan
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames S. Brady
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsPatrick J. Buchanan
    Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental AffairsMitchell E. Daniels Jr.
    Counsel to the PresidentPeter J. Wallison
    Assistant to the PresidentWilliam Henkel
    Cabinet Secretary and Assistant to the PresidentAlfred H. Kingon
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsWilliam L. Ball III
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsVice Adm. John M. Poindexter, USA
    Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press SecretaryLarry M. Speakes
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentJohn A. Svahn
    Assistant to the PresidentW. Dennis Thomas
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyJack L. Courtemanche
    Staff Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Chew
    Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff and Deputy Assistant to the PresidentThomas C. Dawson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingBently T. Elliott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDonald R. Fortier
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentCharles D. Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental AffairsGwendolyn S. King
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Alan M. Kranowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsWilliam L. Lacy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRonald F. Lehman II
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public LiaisonMari Maseng
    Deputy Assistant to the President for AdministrationJonathan S. Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeRichard P. Riley
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy J. Risque
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsPeter W. Rodman
    Deputy Assistant to the President, Director of Presidential Appointments and Scheduling, and Director of Private Sector InitiativesFrederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director, Public Affairs, National Security CouncilKarna Small
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJay B. Stephens
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse PolicyCarlton E. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelRobert H. Tuttle
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonCarl A. Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of the Office of Public LiaisonLinda L. Arey
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsHaley Barbour
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRalph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Television OfficeElizabeth I. Board
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid A. Bockorny
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic AffairsAlbert R. Brashear
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMerlin P. Breaux
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRaymond F. Burghardt
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Cabinet AffairsDonald A. Clarey
    Special Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental AffairsCecilia Cole-McInturff
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames P. Covey
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentC. Christopher Cox
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen I. Danzansky
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsKenneth E. Degraffenreid
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign AffairsEdward P. Djerejian
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief SpeechwriterAnthony Dolan
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJ. Edward Fox
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Public AffairsThomas F. Gibson III
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJames L. Hooley
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn M. Hudson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonLinas J. Kojelis
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentRobert M. Kruger
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJames F. Kuhn
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert E. Linhard
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrederick D. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Executive Secretary of the National Security CouncilRodney B. McDaniel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam F. Martin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJack F. Matlock Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Economic Policy CouncilEugene J. McAllister
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsConstantine C. Menges
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential SpeechwritingMargaret Noonan
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKathleen Osborne
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRichard Prendergast
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentAlan Charles Raul
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWalter Raymond Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media RelationsSusan Mathis Richard
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJohn G. Roberts Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Health PolicyWilliam L. Roper
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryPeter H. Roussel
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames A. Kelly
    Physician to the PresidentT. Burton Smith, MD
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn C. Tuck
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of ResearchAgnes M. Waldron
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsLyn M. Withey
    Total = 83
    Source: US Government Manual 1986 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1987–1988
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentHoward H. Baker Jr.
    Deputy Chief of StaffKenneth M. Duberstein
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsWilliam L. Ball III
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentGary L. Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsFrank C. Carlucci
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsT. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Counsel to the PresidentArthur B. Culvahouse Jr.
    Assistant to the President for OperationsRhett B. Dawson
    Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental AffairsFrank J. Donatelli
    Assistant to the President for Press RelationsM. Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President for Communications and PlanningThomas Griscom
    Assistant to the PresidentWilliam Henkel
    Assistant to the PresidentCharles Hobbs
    Cabinet Secretary and Assistant to the PresidentNancy J. Risque
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyJack L. Courtemanche
    Staff Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDavid L. Chew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingAnthony Dolan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental AffairsGwendolyn S. King
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Alan M. Kranowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsFranklin L. Lavin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public LiaisonMari Maseng
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Administration(Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsLt. Gen. Colin L. Powell, USA
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeRichard P. Riley
    Deputy Assistant to the President, Director of Presidential Appointments And Scheduling, and Director of Private Sector InitiativesFrederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJay B. Stephens
    Deputy Special Counselor to the PresidentWilliam B. Lytton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn C. Tuck
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Pamela J. Turner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelRobert H. Tuttle
    Deputy Assistant to the President, Office of the Chief of StaffDanny L. Crippen
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonCarl A. Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Public LiaisonLinda L. Arey
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryLeslye A. Arsht
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsCristena L. Bach
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJudy A. Black
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRalph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Television OfficeElizabeth I. Board
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid A. Bockorny
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin L. Bradley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Domestic AffairsAlbert R. Brashear
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Cabinet Affairs(Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam A. Cockell Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsHerman J. Cohen
    Special Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental AffairsLisa Stoltenberg
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentC. Christopher Cox
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Director, Economic DivisionDonald A. Danner
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen I. Danzansky
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert W. Dean
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsFritz W. Ermarth
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsAlison B. Fortier
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Public AffairsThomas F. Gibson III
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Executive Secretary of the National Security CouncilGrant S. Green Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBryce L. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJames L. Hooley
    Physician to the PresidentCol. John E. Hutton Jr., MD, MC, USA
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDavid Barry Kelly
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames A. Kelly
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy M. Kennedy
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonLinas J. Kojelis
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentRobert M. Kruger
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJames F. Kuhn
    Special Assistant to the President for Administration and Deputy Director of the Office of AdministrationCharles M. Kupperman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert E. Linhard
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy and Director of the White House Drug Abuse Policy OfficeDonald Ian McDonald
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentC. Dean McGrath
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Economic Policy CouncilEugene J. McAllister
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert B. Oakley
    Special Assistant to the PresidentKathleen Osborne
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRichard Prendergast
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsKaren Kae Rairdin
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentAlan Charles Raul
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media RelationsSusan Mathis Richard
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsPeter W. Rodman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Ronald K. Sable
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJose S. Sorzano
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsPaul S. Stevens
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food AssistanceAlan T. Tracy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of ResearchAgnes M. Waldron
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsLyn M. Withey
    Total = 83.
    Source: US Government Manual 1987 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Ronald Reagan, 1988–1989
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentHoward H. Baker Jr.
    Deputy Chief of StaffKenneth M. Duberstein
    Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentGary L. Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames S. Brady
    Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsT. Kenneth Cribb Jr.
    Counsel to the PresidentArthur B. Culvahouse Jr.
    Assistant to the President for OperationsRhett B. Dawson
    Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental AffairsFrank J. Donatelli
    Assistant to the President for Press RelationsM. Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President for Communications and PlanningThomas C. Griscom
    Assistant to the PresidentCharles Hobbs
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsAlan M. Kranowitz
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsLt. Gen. Colin L. Powell
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryNancy J. Risque
    Assistant to the President, Director of Presidential Appointments and Scheduling, and Director of Private Sector InitiativesFrederick J. Ryan Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelRobert H. Tuttle
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid S. Addington
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentPhillip D. Brady
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyJack L. Courtemanche
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentDan L. Crippen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingAnthony Dolan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)James W. Dyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJames L. Hooley
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentJames F. Kuhn
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsFranklin L. Lavin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeJames C. McKinney
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJohn D. Negroponte
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentKathleen Osborne
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonRebecca G. Range
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of AdministrationGordon G. Riggle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffJohn C. Tuck
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Pamela J. Turner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryLeslye A. Arsht
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichael J. Astrue
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsCristena L. Bach
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJudy A. Black
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Public AffairsMarion C. Blakey
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentRalph C. Bledsoe
    Special Assistant to the President for Media and Broadcast RelationsElizabeth I. Board
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Economic DevelopmentRoger Bolton
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMelvin L. Bradley
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPatricia M. Bryan
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam A. Cockell Jr.
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBenedict S. Cohen
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsHerman J. Cohen
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryB. Jay Cooper
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen I. Danzansky
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert W. Dean
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Nancy P. Dorn
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMichael A. Driggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonJuanita D. Duggan
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsAlison B. Fortier
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Charles Greener
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Political AffairsCarlyle Gregory
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBryce L. Harlow
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of CorrespondenceAnne Higgins
    Physician to the PresidentCol. John E. Hutton Jr., MD, MC, USA
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames A. Kelly
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNancy M. Kennedy
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentRobert M. Kruger
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House SecretariatKatherine D. Ladd
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentWilliam J. Landers
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsNelson C. Ledskey
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert E. Linhard
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the Economic Policy CouncilWilliam Maroni
    Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy and Director of the White House Drug Abuse Policy OfficeDonald Ian MacDonald
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentC. Dean McGrath
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic AffairsDavid M. McIntosh
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert B. Oakley
    Special Assistant to the President for White House OperationsClaire M. O'Donnell
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryRoman Popadiuk
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsKaren Kae Rairdin
    Special Assistant to the President and Speech WriterPeter M. Robinson
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsPeter W. Rodman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCharles N. Rostow
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJose S. Sorzano
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Executive Secretary of the National Security CouncilPaul S. Stevens
    Special Assistant to the President for Political and Intergovernmental AffairsLisa Stoltenberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)John C. Stone
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food AssistanceAlan T. Tracy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of ResearchAgnes M. Waldron
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press SecretaryMark D. Weinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Cabinet AffairsKay W. Woodward
    Total = 83.
    Source: US Government Manual 1988 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1989–1990
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentJohn H. Sununu
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffJames W. Cicconi
    Assistant to the President and Secretary to the CabinetDavid Q. Bates
    Assistant to the President for Issues AnalysisRichard C. Breeden
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDavid F. Demarest Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMax Marlin Fitzwater
    Counsel to the PresidentC. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrederick D. McClure
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationJ. Bonnie Newman
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic PolicyRoger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President for Special Activities and InitiativesStephen M. Studdert
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles G. Untermeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental AffairsDebra Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director, Office of AdministrationPaul W. Bateman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet AffairsPhilip D. Brady
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Nicholas E. Calio
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryB. Jay Cooper
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert M. Gates
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingJoseph W. Hagin II
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)E. Boyd Hollingsworth Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelRonald C. Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJohn G. Keller
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonBarbara G. Kilberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of National ServiceC. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy PlanningJames P. Pinkerton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryRoman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentPatricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffEdward M. Rogers Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director, Office of Policy DevelopmentWilliam L. Roper
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadySusan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJohn P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonSichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelRoscoe B. Starek III
    Deputy Assistant to the President for CommunicationsChriss Winston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsJames Wray
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Gary J. Andres
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert D. Blackwill
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsEverett E. Briggs
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsWilliam Canary
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsDavid M. Carney
    Special Assistant to the President for National ServicePaul Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Nancy P. Dorn
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsJuanita Duggan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelRobert A. Estrada
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food AssistanceCooper Evans
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Staff SecretaryJohn S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryAlixie R. Glen
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelMartha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and CorrespondenceShirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsGeorge O. Griffith Jr.
    Total = 52.
    Source: US Government Manual 1989 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1990–1991
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentJohn H. Sununu
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffJames W. Cicconi
    Assistant to the President and Secretary to the CabinetDavid Q. Bates
    Assistant to the President for Science and TechnologyD. Allan Bromley
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDavid F. Demarest Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMax Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security AffairsRobert M. Gates
    Counsel to the PresidentC. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrederick D. McClure
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationJ. Bonnie Newman
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic PolicyRoger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for Public Events and InitiativesSigmund Rogich
    Assistant to the President for National SecurityGen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles G. Untermeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental AffairsDebra Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director, Office of AdministrationPaul W. Bateman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNicholas E. Calio
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet AffairsStephen I. Danzansky
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingJoseph W. Hagin II
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)E. Boyd Hollingsworth Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelRonald C. Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJohn G. Keller Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonBarbara G. Kilberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of National ServiceC. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy PlanningJames P. Pinkerton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryRoman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsRobert J. Portman
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentPatricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffEdward M. Rogers Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadySusan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJohn P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonSichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelRoscoe B. Starek III
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications and Director of SpeechwritingChriss Winston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsJames Wray
    Special Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDeborah A. Amend
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Gary J. Andres
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRobert D. Blackwill
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsWilliam J. Canary
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of Political AffairsDavid M. Carney
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsPaul J. Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsTimothy E. Deal
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsJuanita D. Duggan
    Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food AssistanceCooper Evans
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentStephen Farrar
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Staff SecretaryJohn S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryAlixie R. Glen
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelMartha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentTheresa A. Gorman
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and CorrespondenceShirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsGeorge O. Griffith Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelAnne B. Gwaltney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRichard N. Haass
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryStephen T. Hart
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)John W. Howard
    Executive Secretary of the National Security CouncilG. Philip Hughes
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of AdministrationHector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsArnold Kanter
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsVirginia A. Lampley
    Physician to the PresidentBurton Lee III, MD
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentLee S. Liberman
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentLawrence Lindsey
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentNelson Lund
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelJose Martinez
    Special Assistant to the PresidentTimothy J. McBride
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsMary A. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMarianne McGettigan
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDavid C. Miller Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelNancy F. Miller
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelJeannette L. Naylor
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelThomas F. Needles
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentFrederick D. Nelson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrances McMurtray Norris
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsPenelope Payne
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam T. Pryce
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsPeter W. Rodman
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCharles Nicholas Rostow
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentAmy L. Schwartz
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)David P. Sloane
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeRichard G. Tefry
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBrian K. Waidmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonR. Douglas Wead
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Economic Policy CouncilOlin Lewis Wethington
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam W. Working
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Domestic Policy CouncilKenneth Yale
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsRose M. Zamaria
    Total = 87.
    Source: US Government Manual 1990 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1991–1992
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentJohn H. Sununu
    Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryPhilip Brady
    Assistant to the President for Science and TechnologyD. Allan Bromley
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDavid F. Demarest Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMax Marlin Fitzwater
    Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security AffairsRobert M. Gates
    Counsel to the PresidentC. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President and Secretary of the CabinetEdith E. Holiday
    Physician to the PresidentBurton J. Lee III, MD
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrederick D. McClure
    Assistant to the President and Director, Office of National ServiceC. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic PolicyRoger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for Public Events and InitiativesSigmund Rogich
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF
    Assistant to the President for Media AffairsJ. Dorrance Smith
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelCharles G. Untermeyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental AffairsDebra Anderson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and Director, Office of AdministrationPaul W. Bateman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Gary J. Andres
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Cabinet AffairsStephen I. Danzansky
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)James W. Dyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsRonald C. Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonBobbie G. Kilbert
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCharles E. M. Kolb
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelJeannette L. Naylor
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy PlanningJames P. Pinkerton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryRoman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentPatricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffEdward M. Rogers Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadySusan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJohn P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonSichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Cabinet LiaisonGary R. Blumenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications and Director of SpeechwritingRobert Anthony Snow
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingKatherine Super
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsRose M. Zamaria
    Special Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDeborah A. Amend
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Arnold I. Havens
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsWilliam J. Canary
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Political AffairsDavid M. Carney
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsPaul J. Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsTimothy E. Deal
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentStephen Farrar
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Staff SecretaryJohn S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Press AdvanceSpencer E. Geissinger
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European and Soviet AffairsDavid C. Gompert
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelMartha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentTeresa A. Gorman
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and CorrespondenceShirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsGeorge O. Griffith Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelAnne B. Gwaltney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRichard N. Haass
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryStephen T. Hart
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsEdward A. Hewett
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJeffrey R. Holmstead
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)John W. Howard
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of AdministrationHector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary for Cabinet LiaisonMichael P. Jackson
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsArnold Kanter
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsVirginia A. Lampley
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentLee S. Liberman
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentLawrence Lindsay
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentNelson Lund
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelJose E. Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsMary A. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentMarianne McGettigan
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonLeigh Ann Metzger
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelNancy Miller
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsFrances McMurtray Norris
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDouglas Paal
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceJake L. Parmer
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNell Payne
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Domestic Policy CouncilRichard W. Porter
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsC. Nicholas Rostow
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentGene C. Schaerr
    Executive Secretary, National Security CouncilWilliam F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Shawn H. Smeallie
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJudy A. Smith
    Military Assistant to the President and Director, White House Military OfficeLt. Gen. Richard Tefrey, USA (Ret.)
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBrian K. Waidmann
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentGregory S. Walden
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Economic Policy CouncilOlin Lewis Washington
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam W. Working
    Total = 84.
    Source: US Government Manual 1991 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George H. W. Bush, 1992–1993
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentSamuel K. Skinner
    Deputy Chief of Staff to the PresidentW. Henson Moore
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryPhilip D. Brady
    Assistant to the President for Science and TechnologyD. Allan Bromley
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNicholas E. Calio
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDavid F. Demarest Jr.
    Counselor to the President and Press SecretaryMax Marlin Fitzwater
    Counsel to the PresidentC. Boyden Gray
    Assistant to the President and Secretary of the CabinetEdith E. Holiday
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelConstance Horner
    Physician to the PresidentBurton J. Lee III, MD
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationTimothy J. McBride
    Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of National ServiceC. Gregg Petersmeyer
    Assistant to the President for Economic and Domestic PolicyRoger B. Porter
    Assistant to the President for Public Events and InitiativesSigmund Rogich
    Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Intergovernmental AffairsSherrie S. Rollins
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsGen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)
    Assistant to the President for Media AffairsJ. Dorrance Smith
    Counselor to the President for Domestic PolicyClayton Yeutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Gary J. Andres
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Cabinet Liaison and Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food AssistanceGary R. Blumenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Legislative AffairsJoshua Bolten
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)James W. Dyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Chief of StaffD. Cameron Finlay
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeJohn A. Gaughan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsAdm. Jonathan T. Howe, USN
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsRonald Kaufman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Intergovernmental AffairsBobbi G. Kilberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCharles E. M. Kolb
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public LiaisonCecile B. Kremer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonLeigh Ann Metzger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential AdvanceEdward D. Murname
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelJeannette L. Naylor
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryRoman Popadiuk
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentPatricia Presock
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadySusan Porter Rose
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJohn P. Schmitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonSichan Siv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Media AffairsRobert Anthony Snow
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingKatherine Super
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentGail R. Wilensky
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsRose M. Zamaria
    Special Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary, Policy Coordinating GroupJ. French Hill
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJeffrey R. Holmstead
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)John W. Howard
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsVirginia A. Lampley
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentLee S. Liberman
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentNelson Lund
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsMary A. McClure
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for SpeechwritingDaniel B. McGroarty
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Kim F. McKernan
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for International ProgramsThomas E. McNamara
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelNancy F. Miller
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDouglas Pal
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam T. Pryce
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsC. Nicholas Rostow
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentGene C. Schaerr
    Executive Secretary of the National Security CouncilWilliam F. Sittmann
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Shawn H. Smeallie
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJudy A. Smith
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsJames J. Snyder
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Linda E. Tarplin
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Brian K. Waidmann
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentGregory S. Walden
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam W. Working
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsDavid J. Beightol
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for SchedulingAntonio Denedi
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsPaul J. Collins Jr.
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelLes T. Csorba
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsTimothy E. Deal
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryGary L. Foster
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryJohn S. Gardner
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European and Soviet AffairsDavid C. Gompert
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelMartha H. Goodwin
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJohn A. Gordon
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy DevelopmentTeresa A. Gorman
    Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Messages and CorrespondenceShirley M. Green
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelAnne B. Gwaltney
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsRichard N. Haass
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Arnold I. Havens
    Special Assistant to the President for AdvanceJohn F. Herrick
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsEdward A. Hewett
    Total = 82.
    Source: US Government Manual 1992 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1993–1994
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentThomas Mack McLarty III
    Deputy Chief of Staff to the PresidentMark D. Gearan
    Deputy Chief of Staff to the PresidentRoy Neel
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryJohn Podesta
    Assistant to the President for Science and TechnologyJohn H. Gibbons
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsHoward Paster
    Special Assistant to the President for CommunicationsGeorge Stephanopoulos
    Press SecretaryDee Dee Myers
    Counsel to the PresidentBernard Nussbaum
    Deputy Assistant to Clinton and Cabinet SecretaryChristine A. Varney
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationDavid Watkins
    Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of National ServiceEli J. Segal
    Special Assistant for Domestic PolicyShirley Sagawa
    Assistant for Domestic PolicyCarol H. Rasco
    Economic Policy CzarRobert E. Rubin
    Deputy Assistant for Economic PolicyGene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant for Economic PolicyW. Bowman Cutter
    Director of Public LiaisonAlexis M. Herman
    Director of Intergovernmental AffairsRegina Montoya
    National Security AdvisorAnthony Lake
    Deputy Assistant for National Security AffairsSamuel Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryLorraine A. Voles
    Director of Media AffairsJeff Eller
    Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsSusan Brophy
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsRahm Emanuel
    Deputy Director of Public LiaisonDoris Matsui
    Deputy Assistant for Appointments and SchedulingNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant for Legislative AffairsLorraine Miller
    Director of Scheduling and AdvanceIsabelle Rodriguez Tapia
    Director of SpeechwritingDavid Kusnet
    Chief of Staff to the First LadyMargaret A. Williams
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentVince Foster
    Deputy Communications DirectorRicki Seidman
    Special Assistant for Policy CoordinationBob Boorstin
    Associate CounselRonald Klain
    Associate CounselCheryl Mills
    Special Assistant for Speech WritingDavid Kusney
    Special Assistant for Public LiaisonMike Lux
    Special Assistant for Public LiaisonAmy Zisook
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsElaine Weiss
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsSara M. Pines
    Planning DirectorDavid Dreyer
    Total = 43.
    Source: US Government Manual 1993 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    Bill Clinton, 1994–1995
    Chief of StaffLeon E. Panetta
    Advisor to the President for Policy and StrategyGeorge R. Stephanopoulos
    Counselor to the PresidentThomas F. McLarty III
    Special Counsel to the PresidentLloyd Cutler
    Special Advisor to the PresidentDavid R. Gergen
    Chair, Counsel of Economic AdvisorsLaura D'Andrea Tyson
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffHarold Ickes
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffPhilip Lader
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsJoan Baggett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelJ. Veronica Biggins
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsRahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsMark D. Gearan
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director, Office of Science and Technology PolicyJohn H. Gibbons
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsPatrick Griffin
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMarcia L. Hale
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonAlexis M. Herman
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsAnthony Lake
    Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor and Director, Office of Presidential PersonnelBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryJohn D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President, and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the Vice PresidentJohn M. Quinn
    Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCarol H. Rasco
    Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyRobert E. Rubin
    Assistant to the President for National ServiceEli J. Segal
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and AdvanceRicki Seidman
    Assistant to the President for Management and Administration(Vacancy)
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyMargaret A. Williams
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Speechwriting and ResearchDonald Baer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsSusan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Staff for the Chief of StaffCharles William Burton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First LadyLisa M. Caputo
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyW. Bowman Cutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of PlanningDavid E. Dreyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media AffairsJeffrey L. Eller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Office of Presidential PersonnelJohn B. Emerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyWilliam A. Galston
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsJohn P. Hart
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonSteven M. Hilton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and AppointmentsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJoel Klein
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office on Environmental PolicyKathleen A. McGinty
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, White House Military OfficeAlphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsKeith Mason
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonDoris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lorraine Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryDee Dee Myers
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyBruce N. Reed
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Steven J. Ricchetti
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDouglas Sosnik
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyGene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvanceIsabelle R. Tapia
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryChristine A. Varney
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsJoe Velasquez
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyMelanne Verveer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsJeffrey H. Watson
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsLoretta T. Avent
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Defense Policy and Arms ControlRobert G. Bell
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy CoordinationRobert O. Boorstin
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of News AnalysisKeith O. Boykin
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russian, Ukrainian and Eurasian AffairsR. Nicholas Burns
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Global Issues and Multilateral AffairsRichard Clarke
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Environmental AffairsEileen B. Claussen
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyMichael D. Deich
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic CouncilPaul R. Dimond
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsThomas S. Epstein
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Economic PolicyRobert Fauver
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Inter-American AffairsRichard E. Feinberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsDawn Friedkin
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the CounselorJody Greenstone
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Karen Hancox
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyElwood J. Holstein
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for DemocracyMorton Halperin
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsDana Hyde
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and South Asian AffairsMartin S. Indyk
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsWilliam H. Itoh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsTimothy J. Keating
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyJennifer Klein
    Special Assistant to the President and Legal AdvisorAlan J. Kreczko
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Asia Pacific Economic AffairsSandra J. Kristoff
    Special Assistant to the President for SpeechwritingDavid M. Kusnet
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Senior Director to the National Economic Policy CouncilRobert Kyle
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsReta Jo Lewis
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvanceMichael Lufrano
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMichael Lux
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Chief of StaffMark Middleton
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJanet Murguia
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsJennifer O'Connor
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Director, Office of Presidential PersonnelKevin M. O'Keefe
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Nonproliferation and Export ControlsDaniel B. Poneman
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyDorothy L. Robyn
    Special Assistant to the President, Counselor and Senior DirectorJeremy Rosner
    Special Assistant to the President, Deputy Press Secretary, and Senior Director for Public AffairsThomas B. Ross
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Asian AffairsStanley Owen Roth
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingLee Satterfield
    Special Assistant to the President and CounselorRichard Schifter
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic CouncilEllen Shapiro Seidman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet Affairs and Deputy Secretary of the CabinetStephen B. Silverman
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWendy Smith
    Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Staff Director of the National Security CouncilNancy E. Soderberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solls
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsTara Sonenshine
    Special Assistant to the President, Deputy Press Secretary, and Senior DirectorDonald K. Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryTodd Stern
    Special Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryAnne Stock
    Special Assistant to the PresidentStephanie Streett
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence ProgramsGeorge J. Tenet
    Special Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of AdministrationPatsy L. Thomasson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Tracey Thornton
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy CoordinationMichael A. Waldman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of ResearchAnne F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of European AffairsJenonne R. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingAnne Walley
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyKathryn J. Way
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMarilyn Yager
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonAmy Zisook
    Counsel to the Vice PresidentTodd J. Campbell
    National Security Advisor for the Vice PresidentLeon S. Fuerth
    Special Advisor for Policy DevelopmentIra Magaziner
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentWilliam H. Kennedy III
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentCheryl Mills
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentStephen R. Neuwirth
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBeth Nolan
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentClifford M. Sloan
    Total = 127.
    Source: US Government Manual 1994 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1995–1996
    Chief of StaffLeon E. Panetta
    Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff for PolicyGeorge R. Stephanopoulos
    Counselor to the President for Business AffairsThomas F. McLarty III
    Counsel to the PresidentAbner J. Mikva
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentJames Costello
    Chair, Counsel of Economic AdvisorsJoe Stiglitz
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy and Political ActivityHarold Ickes
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for White House OperationsErskine Bowles
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsDouglas Sosnik
    Assistant to the President and Director for Special ProjectsRahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President and Coordinator for Strategic Planning and CommunicationsMark D. Gearan
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director, Office of Science and Technology PolicyJohn H. Gibbons
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsPatrick Griffin
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMarcia L. Hale
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonAlexis M. Herman
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMike McCurry
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsAnthony Lake
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryTodd Stern
    Assistant to the President, and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the Vice PresidentJohn M. Quinn
    Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCarol H. Rasco
    Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic CouncilLaura D. Tyson
    Assistant to the President for National ServiceEli J. Segal
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyMargaret A. Williams
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationJodie Torkelson
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting and ResearchDonald Baer
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryKitty Higgins
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and AdvanceWilliam Webster
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsSusan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First LadyLisa M. Caputo
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyW. Bowman Cutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsJohn B. Emerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsJohn P. Hart
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and Appointments and Director of Oval Office OperationsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, White House Military OfficeAlan Sullivan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonDoris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lorraine Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for OperationsEvelyn Lieberman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsKaren Hancox
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsKevin M. O'Keefe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryStephen B. Silverman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Staff Director of the National Security CouncilNancy E. Soderberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyBruce N. Reed
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Steven J. Ricchetti
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsCraig Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsAlphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelPatsy L. Thomasson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyGene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvancePaige Reffe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyMelanne Verveer
    Deputy Assistant to the PresidentIra Fishman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director and Chief of Staff for Presidential PersonnelAntonella Pianalto
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyJeremy Ben-Ami
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Women's Initiatives and OutreachBetsy Myers
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsLoretta T. Avent
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Defense Policy and Arms ControlRobert G. Bell
    Special Assistant to the President for Senior Director of SpeechwritingRobert O. Boorstin
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russian, Ukrainian and Eurasian AffairsCoit Blacker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Tracey Thornton
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBarbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJanet Murguia
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDaniel Tate
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Global Issues and Multilateral AffairsRichard Clarke
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Environmental AffairsEileen B. Claussen
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyMichael D. Deich
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic CouncilPaul R. Dimond
    Special Assistant to the President for Health Policy DevelopmentChristopher Jennings
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Inter-American AffairsRichard E. Feinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for DemocracyMorton Halperin
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic CouncilElwood J. Holstein
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and South Asian AffairsMark Parris
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director, National Security AffairsDaniel Fried
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff DirectorTimothy J. Keating
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip DirectorAndrew Friendly
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelPeggy A. Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director for the First LadyKelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesJames A. Dorskind
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelElizabeth Montoya
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJennifer O'Connor
    Special Assistant to the PresidentWendy Smith
    Special Assistant to the President and Legal AdvisorAlan J. Kreczko
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Senior Director to the National Economic CouncilRobert Kyle
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsEric Eves
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsThomas S. Epstein
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsRay Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Chief of StaffMark Middleton
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryPhil Caplan
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Nonproliferation and Export ControlsDaniel B. Poneman
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyDorothy L. Robyn
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Asian AffairsStanley Owen Roth
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingLee Satterfield
    Special Assistant to the President and CounselorRichard Schifter
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director to the National Economic CouncilEllen Shapiro Seidman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solls
    Special Assistant to the President for the National Security CouncilHeather Ross
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Legislative AffairsWilliam Danvers
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsLeeann Inadomi
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African AffairsSusan Rice
    Special Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryAnn Stock
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingStephanie Streett
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence ProgramsGeorge J. Tenet
    Special Assistant to the President for Management and Administration and Director of the Office of Administration(Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy CoordinationMichael A. Waldman
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of ResearchAnne F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of European AffairsAlexander Vershbow
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingAnne Walley
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonMarilyn Yager
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonKathleen Smith Carr
    Counsel to the Vice PresidentKumiki Gibson
    National Security Advisor for the Vice PresidentLeon S. Fuerth
    Special Advisor for Policy DevelopmentIra Magaziner
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentChristopher Cerf
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDavid Fein
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMarvin Krislov
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentCheryl Mills
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMiriam Nemetz
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentStephen R. Neuwirth
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentVictoria Radd
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentClifford M. Sloan
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKathleen Whalen
    Total = 126.
    Source: US Government Manual 1995 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1996–1997
    Chief of StaffLeon E. Panetta
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy and Political AffairsHarold Ickes
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for White House OperationsEvelyn Lieberman
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsDonald Baer
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special ProjectsRahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office ofJohn H. Gibbons
    Science and Technology Policy
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMarcia L. Hale
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonAlexis M. Herman
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryKitty Higgins
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsJohn Hilley
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the Vice PresidentRonald A. Klain
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsAnthony Lake
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMichael McCurry
    Counselor to the PresidentThomas F. McLarty III
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBobby Nash
    Counsel to the PresidentJohn M. Quinn
    Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCarol H. Rasco
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy PlanningBruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsDouglas Sosnik
    Assistant to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of StaffGeorge Stephanopoulos
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryTodd Stern
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationJodie R. Torkelson
    Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic CouncilLaura D'Andrea Tyson
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyMargaret A. Williams
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyJeremy Ben-Ami
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsSusan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First LadyLisa M. Caputo
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsJohn B. Emerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsJohn P. Hart
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsKevin M. O'Keefe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsKaren L. Hancox
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and Appointments and Director of Oval Office OperationsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsAlphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Public LiaisonDoris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonMarilyn Yager
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Janet Murguia
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Women's Initiatives and OutreachBetsy Myers
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsVictoria Radd
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvancePaige Reffe
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Political AffairsMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryStephen B. Silverman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Staff Director of the National Security CouncilNancy E. Soderberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyGene Sperling
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic PolicyDaniel Tarullo
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingStephanie Streett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingAnne Walley
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeAlan Sullivan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Presidential PersonnelPatsy L. Thomasson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyMelanne Verveer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMichael A. Waldman
    Deputy Counsel to the PresidentKathleen M. Wallman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Media Affairs and OperationsLorraine McHugh Wytkind
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsKris M. Balderston
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's OfficeMelinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Ananias Blocker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Peter Jacoby
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Daniel Tate
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lucia Wyman
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryPhillip M. Caplan
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Tracey Thornton
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonKathleen Smith Carr
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonRobert Johnson
    Special Assistant to the President for Public LiaisonSuzanna A. Valdez
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelPeggy A. Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelElizabeth Montoya
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential AdvanceCatherine A. Cornelius
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director for the First LadyKelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterCarolyn Curiel
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesJames A. Dorskind
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterJames Terry Edmonds
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterAlison Muscatine
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterJonathan Prince
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterDavid Shipley
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press AdvanceAnne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingNicole Elkson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingLucie Naphin
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingPatrick Steel
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsEric Eve
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsRay Martinez
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsWendy Smith
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsDavid Wofford
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip DirectorAndrew Friendly
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryMary Ellen Glynn
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryVirginia M. Terzano
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsKim Holmes
    Special Assistant to the PresidentCarolyn Huber
    Special Assistant to the PresidentJennifer O'Connor
    Special Assistant to the President or Cabinet AffairsLeeann Inadomi
    Special Assistant to the President and Records ManagerJanis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff DirectorTimothy J. Keating
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonFloydetta McAfee
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Press AdvanceDan K. Rosenthal
    Special Assistant to the President and Staff Director of the Office of the Public LiaisonLee Scatterfield
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solis
    Special Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryAnn Stock
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of ResearchAnn F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJames P. Weber
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPeter C. Erichsen
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDavid Fein
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentElena Kagan
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentCheryl Mills
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMiriam Nemetz
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentStephen R. Neuwirth
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKathleen Whalen
    Special Counsel to the PresidentJane Sherburne
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentMark Fabiani
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentWendy White
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentJonathan Yarowsky
    Senior Advisor for Policy DevelopmentIra Magaziner
    Total = 116.
    Source: US Government Manual 1996 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1997–1998
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentErskine B. Bowles
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffSylvia M. Mathews
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJohn D. Podesta
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryKitty Higgins
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Chief of StaffVictoria Radd
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyMelanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsAnn Lewis
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsCraig T. Smith
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonMaria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingStephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMichael A. Waldman
    Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic PlanningDonald Baer
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMichael McCurry
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryTodd Stern
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy CouncilBruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic CouncilGene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for International Economic AffairsDaniel K. Tarullo
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationJodie R. Torkelson
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Counsel to the PresidentCharles F. Ruff
    Counselor to the PresidentDouglas B. Sosnik
    Counselor to the President and Special Envoy for the AmericasThomas F. McLarty III
    Senior Advisor to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsJohn Hilley
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff for PolicyRahm I. Emanuel
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy DevelopmentIra Magaziner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for Presidential PersonnelMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryStephen B. Silverman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyEllen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentCheryl Mills
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelPatsy L. Thomasson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsSusan A. Brophy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SpeechwritingJames Terry Edmonds
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Media Affairs and OperationsLorraine McHugh Wytkind
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryPhillip M. Caplan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceDan K. Rosenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsMarsha Berry
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office OperationsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeAlan Sullivan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyElena Kagan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Chief of Staff and Counselor to the National Economic CouncilKathleen M. Wallman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health PolicyChristopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsAlphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Janet Murgia
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDonald L. Kerrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsEmily Bromberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsLynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsFred DuVal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsMinyon Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsKaren Skelton
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Directors of Public LiaisonRobert B. Johnson
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Directors of Public LiaisonDoris O. Matsui
    Deputy National Security Advisor and Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsJames B. Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingJennifer Palmieri
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Advance for the First ladyKelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesJames A. Dorskind
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal CorrespondenceCarolyn Huber
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press AdvanceAnne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solis Doyle
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Special ProjectsAnn F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsMichael D. Malone
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's OfficeMelinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterAlison Muscatine
    Special Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First LadyNeel Lattimore
    Special Assistant to the President and Records ManagerJanis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Public LiaisonRichard Socarides
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the Director of Presidential PersonnelD. Vanessa Weaver
    Special Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryAnn Stock
    Special Assistant to the President for CommunicationsEli Attie
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCynthia Rice
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDonald F. Goldberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff DirectorJeffrey Forbes
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy PlanningThomas Freedman
    Special Assistant to the President for Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Staff DirectorCheryl M. Carter
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelMarie Terese Dominguez
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelThomas Shea
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonMarilyn DiGiacobbe
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonJay Footlik
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonDaniel Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential AdvanceCatherine A. Cornelius
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential AdvanceChristopher Wayne
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJoseph Lockhart
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryBarry J. Toiv
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterCarolyn Curiel
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterDavid Shipley
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsKris M. Balderston
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsAnne E. McGuire
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Ananias Blocker
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Peter Jacoby
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Daniel Tate
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lucia Wyman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Paul Carey
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Barbara Chow
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Tracey Thornton
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentVirginia Canter
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPeter C. Erichsen
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichael Imbroscio
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentWilliam P. Marshall
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKaren Popp
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKarl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentRobert W. Schroeder
    Senior CounselRobert Weiner
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentAdam Goldberg
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentSally Paxton
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentJonathan Yarowsky
    Special Counsel to the PresidentLanny Breuer
    Special Counsel to the PresidentLanny Davis
    Special Counsel to the PresidentMichael Waitzkin
    Total = 115.
    Source: US Government Manual 1997 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1998–1999
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentErskine B. Bowles
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffMaria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJohn D. Podesta
    Assistant to the PresidentSidney Blumenthal
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryThurgood Marshal, Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First ladyMelanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsAnn Lewis
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsLawrence J. Stein
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsCraig T. Smith
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonMinyon Moore
    Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingStephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special ProjectsTodd Stern
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMichael A. Waldman
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryMichael McCurry
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryPhillip M. Caplan
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy CouncilBruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic CouncilGene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationVirginia M. Apuzzo
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Counsel to the PresidentCharles F. Ruff
    Counselor to the President and Special Envoy to the AmericasThomas F. McLarty III
    Counselor to the PresidentPaul Begala
    Counselor to the PresidentDouglas B. Sosnik
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and Strategy and Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff for PolicyRahm I. Emanuel
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy DevelopmentIra Magaziner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the First Lady for the Millennium ProgramEllen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Counsel to the Office of the Chief of StaffKaren Tramontano
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryKris M. Balderston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyRoberta Greene
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentCheryl Mills
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsStacie Spector
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsJanet Murguia
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceDan K. Rosenthal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsMarsha Berry
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office OperationsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solis Doyle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military Office(Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Office for Women's Initiatives and Outreach(Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryCapricia Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyElena Kagan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic CouncilSally Katzen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health PolicyChristopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate LiaisonTracey Thornton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationMichael D. Malone
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDonald L. Kerrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Intergovernmental AffairsLynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for Intergovernmental AffairsFred DuVal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsKaren Skelton
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelD. Vanessa Weaver
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonRobert B. Johnson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonDoris O. Matsui
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryBeverly Barnes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJoseph Lockhart
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryAmy Weiss Tobe
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryBarry J. Toiv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsCharles Brain
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsAlphonso Maldon
    Deputy National Security Advisor and Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AdvisorJames B. Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonDaniel Wexler
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential AdvanceChristopher Wayne
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SchedulingJennifer Palmieri
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretarySean Maloney
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Advance for the First LadyKelly Craighead
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal CorrespondenceAnn McCoy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesDaniel Burkhardt
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press AdvanceAnne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Special ProjectsAnn F. Walker
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsJohn Dankowski
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's OfficeMelinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterLisa Jordan Tamagni
    Special Assistant to the President and Records ManagerJanis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Public LiaisonRichard Socarides
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterJeffrey Shesol
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior SpeechwriterLaura Schiller
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip DirectorKirk Hanlin
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsAnne E. McGuire
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCynthia Rice
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsWilliam White
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDonald F. Goldberg
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Staff DirectorJeffrey Forbes
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy PlanningThomas Freedman
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Staff DirectorCheryl M. Carter
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelMarie Terese Dominguez
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelHeather Marabeti
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Roger Ballentine
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Peter Jacoby
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lisa Kountoupes
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMeredith Cabe
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentVirginia Canter
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichael Imbroscio
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentWilliam P. Marshall
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKaren Popp
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKarl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentSarah Wilson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentLisa Winston
    Senior Counsel to the PresidentRobert Weiner
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentAdam Goldberg
    Special Associate Counsel to the PresidentSally Paxton
    Special Counsel to the PresidentLanny Breuer
    Special Counsel to the President for Civil RightsEdward Correia
    Special Counsel to the President for NominationsMark Childress
    Total = 110.
    Source: US Government Manual 1998 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 1999–2000
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentJohn D. Podesta
    Assistant to the PresidentSidney Blumenthal
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryThurgood Marshall Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyMelanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Chief of StaffKaren Tramontano
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceDan K. Rosenthal
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsLoretta Ucelli
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsLawrence J. Stein
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsMinyon Moore
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonMary Elizabeth Cahill
    Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingStephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of Special ProjectsTodd Stern
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMichael A. Waldman
    Assistant to the President and Director of the President's Initiative for One AmericaRobert B. Johnson
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJoseph Lockhart
    Assistant to the President and Special Envoy to the AmericasKenneth H. MacKay
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretarySean P. Maloney
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy CouncilBruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic CouncilGene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationVirginia M. Apuzzo
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffMaria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffStephen J. Ricchetti
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMeredith Cabe
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentAmy Comstock
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichael E. O'Connor
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKarl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPeter F. Rundlet
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentSarah Wilson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentLisa Winston
    Counsel to the PresidentCharles F. Ruff
    Counselor to the PresidentAnn F. Lewis
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the First Lady for the Millennium ProgramEllen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryKris M. Balderston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyShirley Sagawa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentCheryl Mills
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsFred DuVal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsJanet Murguia
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonLaura Efurd
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff Secretary(Vacancy)
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsMarsha Berry
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office OperationsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solis Doyle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Special ProjectsKelly Craighead
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeJoseph J. Simmons IV
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of AdministrationMark F. Lindsay
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Women's Initiatives and OutreachJennifer M. Luray
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the Chief of Staff for Indian Affairs and Special ProjectsLynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Legislative CounselMartha Foley
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryCapricia Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyElena Kagan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic CouncilSally Katzen
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health PolicyChristopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate LiaisonTracey Thornton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsDonald L. Kerrick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelD. Vanessa Weaver
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryBeverly Barnes
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJennifer Palmieri
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryRichard Siewert Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryBarry J. Toiv
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Charles Brain
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Alphonso Maldon
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorJames B. Steinberg
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and CommunicationsJoel P. Johnson
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and StrategyDouglas B. Sosnik
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentSteven Reich
    Senior Counsel(Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonBarbara Woolley
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Special Envoy to the AmericasFrancisco Sanchez
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesDaniel Burkhardt
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal CorrespondenceAnn McCoy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press AdvanceAnne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Travel OfficeSusan L. Hazard
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House OperationsJohn Dankowski
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's OfficeMelinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Director of AdvanceDouglas J. Band
    Special Assistant to the President and Records ManagerJanis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Public LiaisonRichard Socarides
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Deputy Director of SchedulingSara Latham
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior SpeechwriterLaura Schiller
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip DirectorKirk Hanlin
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsAnne E. McGuire
    Special Assistant to the President for Policy PlanningThomas Freedman
    Special Assistant to the President for Public Liaison and Staff DirectorCheryl M. Carter
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press SecretaryNanda Chitre
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press SecretaryJulia Payne
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelCharles Duncan
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelVeronica De La Garza
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelHeather Marabeti
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsStephanie Cutter
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsThomas D. Janenda
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential AdvanceJaycee Pribulsky
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential AdvanceChristopher Wayne
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingLaura A. Graham
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingAviva Steinberg
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingCecily C. Williams
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterJune Shih
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterLisa Jordan Tamagni
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterLowell Weiss
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterPaul Glastris
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterJeffrey Shesol
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyIrene Bueno
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyNicole Rabner
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyCynthia Rice
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsBarbara Bostick-Hunt
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsWilliam White
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Broderick Johnson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lisa Kountoupes
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Roger Ballentine
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Caroline Frederickson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Joel Wiginton
    Special Counsel to the President for Civil RightsEdward Correia
    Special Counsel to the President for NominationsMark Childress
    Total = 121.
    Source: US Government Manual 1999 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Bill Clinton, 2000–2001
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentJohn D. Podesta
    Assistant to the PresidentSidney Blumenthal
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryThurgood Marshall Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyMelanne Verveer
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Chief of StaffKaren Tramontano
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentBruce Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceDan K. Rosenthal
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsLoretta Ucelli
    Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsMickey Ibarra
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsCharles M. Brain
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsMinyon Moore
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelBob Nash
    Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonMary Elizabeth Cahill
    Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingStephanie Streett
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingJ. Terry Edmonds
    Assistant to the President and Director of the President's Initiative for One AmericaRobert B. Johnson
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryRichard L Siewert Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Special Envoy to the AmericasKenneth H. MacKay
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretarySean P. Maloney
    Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy and Director of the Domestic Policy CouncilBruce N. Reed
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic CouncilGene Sperling
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationMark F. Lindsay
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsSamuel R. Berger
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffMaria Echaveste
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffStephen J. Ricchetti
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDavid Apol
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMeredith Cabe
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDawn Chirwa
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentDimitri Nionakis
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichael E. O'Connor
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJ. Paul Oetken
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentMichelle Peterson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKarl Racine
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentPeter F. Rundlet
    Counsel to the PresidentBeth Nolan
    Counselor to the PresidentAnn F. Lewis
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the First Lady for the Millennium ProgramEllen Lovell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryKris M. Balderston
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to the First LadyShirley Sagawa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentWilliam Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvanceDouglas J. Band
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationStephanie Cutter
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental AffairsRay Martinez III
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsKay Casstevens
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsLinda L. Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonLaura Efurd
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SpeechwritingJeffrey Shesol
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryLisel Loy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Communications for the First LadyAllison Muscatine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Correspondence and Presidential MessagesDaniel Burkhardt
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office OperationsNancy Hernreich
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling for the First LadyPatricia Solis Doyle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Trip DirectorKelly Craighead
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeJoseph J. Simmons IV
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Women's Initiatives and OutreachLauren Supina
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the Chief of Staff for Indian Affairs and Special ProjectsLynn Cutler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Legislative CounselMartha Foley
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryCapricia Marshall
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyEric Liu
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Environmental InitiativesRoger Ballentine
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Health PolicyChristopher C. Jennings
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Broderick Johnson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Karen Robb
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationBradley J. Kiley
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsMara Rudman
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorJames B. Steinberg
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelMaria L. Haley
    Deputy Assistants to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelMarsha Scott
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJames Kennedy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryJennifer Palmieri
    Senior Advisor to the President for Policy and StrategyThomas Freedman
    Senior Associate Counsel to the PresidentSteven Reich
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Press SecretaryNanda Chitre
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of AdvanceRobert Rosen
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for Political AffairsCynthia Jasso-Rotunno
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for Public LiaisonChristine Stanek
    Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Special Envoy to the AmericasFrancisco Sanchez
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingLaura Graham
    Special Assistant o the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsThomas D. Janeda
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, President's Initiative for One AmericaKathleen Ahn
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media OperationsDorinda Salcido
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Personal CorrespondenceAnn McCoy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Press AdvanceAnne M. Edwards
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Television NewsJulia Payne
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Travel OfficeSusan L. Hazard
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, First Lady's CorrespondenceAlice Pushkar
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Visitor's OfficeMelinda Bates
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Presidential SpeechwriterPaul Glastris
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Advisor for Presidential HistoryJanis F. Kearney
    Special Assistant to the President and Special Counselor to the Chief of StaffMichele Ballantyne
    Special Assistant to the President and Trip DirectorKirk Hanlin
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelLee Ann Brackett
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelVeronica De La Garza
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelCheryl Tates-Macias
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonMaureen Shea
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Public LiaisonBarbara Woolley
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Directors of Presidential AdvanceBrian Alcorn
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Directors of Presidential AdvanceMarisa Luzzatto
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingHeather Davis
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingJulie Eddy
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SchedulingStephen Lamb
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterSamir Afridi
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterHeather Hurlburt
    Special Assistant to the President and Presidential SpeechwriterLowell Weiss
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior SpeechwriterLaura Schiler
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior SpeechwriterJune Shih
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyIrene Bueno
    Special Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyAnn O'Leary
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsMatthew Bennett
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsZina Pierre
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Lisa Kountoupes
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Mark Magana
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Julie M. Anderson
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Joanna Slaney
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Joel Wiginton
    Special Counsel to the President for NominationsSarah Wilson
    Total = 116.
    Source: US Government Manual 2000 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2001–2002
    Chief of Staff to the PresidentAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryAlbert Hawkins
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice PresidentI. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Vice PresidentMary J. Matalin
    Assistant to the President and Director of Faith-Based and Community InitiativesJohn Dilulio
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsNick Calio
    Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic CouncilLarry Lindsey
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel and Deputy to the Chief of StaffClay Johnson
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryL. Ari Fleischer
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryHarriet Miers
    Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyMargaret LaMontagne
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCondoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoshua Bolten
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorSteve Hadley
    Counsel to the PresidentAlberto R. Gonzales
    Counselor to the PresidentKaren Hughes
    Senior Advisor to the PresidentKarl Rove
    Advisor to the President and Special Consultant for CommunicationMargaret Tutwiler
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Cabinet AffairsEdward Ingle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAndrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentTim Flanigan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Counselor, CommunicationsDan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Faith- Based and Community InitiativesDon Eberly
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsJohn W. Howard
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the National Economic CouncilD. Marc Sumerlin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelRon Bellamy
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economic AffairsGary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior AdvisorH. Chris Henick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryJohn Gardner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceBrian Montgomery
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Domestic Policy CouncilJohn Bridgeland
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsRuben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media AffairsTucker Eskew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office OperationsLinda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsKen Mehlman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonLezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingBrad Blakeman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMike Gerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic InitiativesBarry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeMark Rosenker
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)David Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Ziad Ojakli
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationHector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press SecretaryScott McClellan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryClaire Buchan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvanceGreg Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications and PlanningJames Wilkinson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsMatt Schlapp
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionsScott Sforza
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonW. Kirk Blalock
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public LiaisonTim Goeglein
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SpeechwritingPeter Wehner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director, Strategic InitiativesAlicia Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Director, Office of AdministrationPhillip Larsen
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential CorrespondenceDeborah Hair
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House ManagementVickers B. Meadows
    Special Assistant to the President for Economic SpeechwritingDavid Frum
    Special Assistant to the President for Faith-Based and Community InitiativesDon Willett
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsDeborah Spagnoli
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Kristen Chadwick
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Brian Conklin
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Daniel Keniry
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Nelson Letterst
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Robert Marsh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Townsend McNitt
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Christine Ciccone
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Dirksen Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Matthew Kirk
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Senior AdvisorIsrael Hernandez
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter to the PresidentMatthew Scully
    Special Assistant to the President and Social SecretaryCathy Fenton
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelJodey Arrington
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelStuart Holliday
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelEdmund Moy
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelDina Powell
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelKyle Sampson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentChris Bartolomucci
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBrad Berenson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentStuart Bowen
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentRobert Cobb
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentCourtney Elwood
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBrett Kavanaugh
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentHelgi Walker
    Total = 84.
    Source: US Government Manual 2001 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2002–2003
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Secretary to the CabinetAlbert Hawkins
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice PresidentI. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President and Counselor to the Vice PresidentMary J. Matalin
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsNick Calio
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic CouncilLarry Lindsey
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel and Deputy to the Chief of StaffClay Johnson
    Assistant to the President and White House Press SecretaryL. Ari Fleischer
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryHarriet Miers
    Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyMargaret Spellings
    Assistant to the President for Office of Homeland SecurityThomas J. Ridge
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCondoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoshua Bolten
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorSteve Hadley
    Assistant to the President and Director of the USA Freedom CorpsJohn Bridgeland
    Counsel to the President (White House Counsel)Alberto Gonzales
    Counselor to the PresidentKaren Hughes
    Senior Advisor to the PresidentKarl Rove
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryEdward Ingle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAndrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentTim Flanigan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Counselor, CommunicationDan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Faith Based and Community InitiativesHarry James Towey
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsJohn W. Howard
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director, National Economic CouncilD. Marc Sumerlin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelRon Bellamy
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorGary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Senior AdvisorH. Chris Henick
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryStuart Bowen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceBrian Montgomery
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyJay Lefkowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental AffairsRuben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media AffairsTucker Eskew
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Oval Office OperationsLinda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsKen Mehlman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonLezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingBrad Blakeman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMike Gerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Strategic InitiativesBarry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeMark Rosenker
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)David Hobbs
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Ziad Ojakli
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationHector F. Irastorza Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press SecretaryScott McClellan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryClaire Buchan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvanceGreg Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for PlanningJames Wilkinson
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsMatt Schlapp
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionScott Sforza
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential PersonnelW. Kirk Blalock
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential PersonnelTim Goeglein
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SpeechwritingPeter Wehner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Strategic InitiativesAlicia Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Office of AdministrationPhillip D. Larsen
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential CorrespondenceDesiree Sayle
    Special Assistant to the President for White House Management and AdministrationCathy Alix
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental AffairsDeborah Spagnoli
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Kristen Chadwick
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Brian Conklin
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Daniel Keniry
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Nelson Litterst
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Robert Marsh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Christine Ciccone
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Dirksen Lehman
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Matthew Kirk
    Special Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Senior AdvisorIsrael Hernandez
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter to the PresidentMatthew Scully
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social SecretaryCathy Fenton
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director for Presidential PersonnelEdmund Moy
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director for Presidential PersonnelDina Powell
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Counsel to the PresidentChris Bartolomucci
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBard Berenson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentRobert Cobb
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentCourtney Elwood
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBrett Kavanaugh
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKyle Sampson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentHelgi Walker
    Total = 78.
    Source: US Government Manual 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2003–2004
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Secretary to the CabinetBrian Montgomery
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice PresidentI. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid Hobbs
    Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic CouncilStephen Friedman
    Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel and Deputy to the Chief of StaffDina Powell
    Assistant to the President and White House Press SecretaryL. Ari Fleischer
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryHarriet Miers
    Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyMargaret Spellings
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCondoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoshua Bolten
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorSteven Hadley
    Counsel to the President (White House Counsel)Alberto R. Gonzales
    Senior Advisor to the PresidentKarl Rove
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryEdward Ingle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAndrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentDavid Leitch
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Counselor, CommunicationsDan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Faith Based and Community InitiativesHarry James Towey
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Legislative AffairsEric Pelletier
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director, National Economic CouncilKeith Hennessey
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorGary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Senior AdvisorBarry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryStuart Bowen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceGreg Jenkins
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic PolicyJay Lefkowitz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental AffairsRuben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Global CommunicationsTucker Eskew
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management, Administration and Oval Office OperationsLinda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsKen Mehlman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonLezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SchedulingBrad Blakeman
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingMike Gerson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Strategic InitiativesPeter Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeMichael Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Daniel Keniry
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Ziad Ojakli
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press SecretaryScott McClellan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryClaire Buchan
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of AdvanceGreg Jenkins
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for PlanningBrian Besanceney
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political AffairsMatt Schlapp
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionScott Sforza
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential PersonnelTim Goeglein
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Public Liaison for Presidential PersonnelAdam Goldman
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of SpeechwritingNoam Neusner
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Strategic InitiativesAlicia Clark
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Office of AdministrationTim Campen
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential CorrespondenceDesiree Sayle
    Special Assistant to the President for White House Management and AdministrationColleen Litkenhaus
    Special Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs(Vacancy)
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Kristen Chadwick
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Christopher Cox
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Amy Jensen-Cunniffe
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Elan Liang
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Robert Marsh
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Wendy Grubbs
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Matthew Kirk
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Virginia Loper
    Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Sean O'Hollaren
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Assistant to the Senior AdvisorIsrael Hernandez
    Special Assistant to the President and Senior Speechwriter to the PresidentMatthew Scully
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social SecretaryCathy Fenton
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director for Presidential PersonnelEdmund Moy
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Presidential PersonnelLiza Wright
    Special Assistant to the President and Associate Counsel to the PresidentChris Bartolomucci
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJennifer Brosnahan
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentNanette Everson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentNoel Francisco
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBrett Kavanaugh
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentJennifer Newstead
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentBenjamin Powell
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentKyle Sampson
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentTed Ullyot
    Associate Counsel to the PresidentHelgi Walker
    Total = 76.
    Source: US Government Manual 2003 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2004–2005
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryBrian Montgomery
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice PresidentI. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDavid Hobbs
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelDina Powell
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryScott McClellan
    Assistant to the President for Speechwriting and Policy AdvisorMike Gerson
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryBrett Kavanaugh
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsCondoleezza Rice
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffHarriet Miers
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoe Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorSteven Hadley
    Counsel to the President (White House Counsel)Alberto R. Gonzales
    Senior Advisor to the PresidentKarl Rove
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAndrea Ball
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentDavid Leitch
    Assistant to the President for Homeland SecurityJohn Gordon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic PlanningRobert Blackwill
    Deputy Assistant to the President for CommunicationsSuzanne DeFrancis
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Homeland Security AdvisorRichard Falkenrath
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential SpeechwritingJohn McConnell
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom CorpsDesiree Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsFran Townsend
    Physician to the PresidentRichard Tubb
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for CommunicationsJames Wilkinson
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsDan Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Faith Based and Community InitiativesH. James Towey
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsEric Pelletier
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorGary Edson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior AdvisorBarry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryTed Ullyot
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceGreg Jenkins
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Intergovernmental AffairsRuben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management, Administration and Oval Office OperationsLinda Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsMatt Schlap
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonLezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Strategic InitiativesPeter Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Military OfficeMichael Miller
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDaniel Keniry
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsMatthew Kirk
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryClaire Buchan
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press SecretaryTrent Duffy
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and SchedulingMelissa Bennett
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential CorrespondenceHeidi Smith
    Total = 44.
    Source: US Government Manual 2004 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2005–2006
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffAndrew H. Card Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice PresidentI. Lewis Libby
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorJack D. Crouch II
    Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Faith Based and Community InitiativesH. James Towey
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryScott McClellan
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryBrett Kavanaugh
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationNicolle Devenish Wallace
    Assistant to the President for Homeland SecurityFrances Fragos Townsend
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsCandida Perotti Wolff
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Policy and Strategic PlanningMichael Gerson
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelDina Powell
    Assistant to the President for SpeechwritingWilliam McGurn
    Assistant to the President, Deputy Chief of Staff, and Senior AdvisorKarl Rove
    Counsel to the PresidentHarriet Miers
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the Chief of StaffKristen Silverberg
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAnita McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and PlanningCatherine Martin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionScott Sforza
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior AdvisorBarry Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director for Appointments and SchedulingMelissa Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceTodd Beyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsSara Taylor
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonLezlee Westine
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic InitiativesPete Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom CorpsDesiree Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental AffairsRuben Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorFaryar Shirzad
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (House)Brain Conklin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (Senate)Matthew Kirk
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management, Administration and Oval Office OperationsLinda Gambatesa
    Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Media AffairsJeanie Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social SecretaryJanet Lea Berman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet LiaisonHeidi Smith
    Total = 35.
    Source: US Government Manual 2005 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2006–2007
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffJoshua B. Bolten
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the Vice President, and CounselDavid S. Addington
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorJack D. Crouch II
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryTony Snow
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryRaul F. Yanes
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsNicolle Wallace
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and CounterterrorismFrances Fragos Townsend
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsCandida Perotti Wolff
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelLiza Wright Renner
    Assistant to the President for SpeechwritingWilliam J. McGurn
    Assistant to the President, Deputy Chief of Staff, and Senior AdvisorKarl C. Rove
    Counsel to the PresidentHarriet E. Miers
    Counselor to the PresidentDaniel J. Bartlett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor to the Chief of StaffSteven S. McMillin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAnita B. McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and PlanningCatherine J. Martin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionScott N. Sforza
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior AdvisorBarry S. Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingMelissa S. Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceTodd W. Beyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonRhonda N. Keenum
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic InitiativesPete H. Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom CorpsDesiree T. Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental AffairsRuben S. Barrales
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorFaryar Shirzad
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsWilliam Douglas Badger
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBrian C. Conklin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsSean B. O'Hollaren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationLinda M. Gambatesa
    Special Assistant to the President and Director of Media AffairsJeanie S. Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social SecretaryJanet Lea Berman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet LiaisonHeidi Marquez Smith
    Total = 34.
    Source: US Government Manual 2006 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2007–2008
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffJoshua B. Bolten
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the Vice President, and CounselDavid S. Addington
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorJack D. Crouch II
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryTony Snow
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryRaul F. Yanes
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsKevin F. Sullivan
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and CounterterrorismFrances F. Townsend
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsCandida Perotti Wolff
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelLiza Wright Renner
    Assistant to the President for SpeechwritingWilliam J. McGurn
    Assistant to the President, Deputy Chief of Staff, and Senior AdvisorKarl C. Rove
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Counselor to the PresidentDaniel J. Bartlett
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for PolicyJoel D. Kaplan
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAnita B. McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and PlanningCatherine J. Martin
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionScott N. Sforza
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy to the Senior AdvisorBarry S. Jackson
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingMelissa S. Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceTodd W. Beyer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonRhonda N. Keenum
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic InitiativesPete H. Wehner
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom CorpsDesiree T. Sayle
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental AffairsMargaret M. Grant
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorDavid H. McCormick
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsWilliam Douglas Badger
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsBrian C. Conklin
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsSean B. O'Hollaren
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationLinda M. Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media AffairsJeanie S. Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social SecretaryJanet Lea Berman
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet LiaisonRoss M. Kyle
    Total = 34.
    Source: US Government Manual2007 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    George W. Bush, 2008–2009
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffJoshua B. Bolten
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the Vice President, and CounselDavid S. Addington
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of StaffJoseph W. Hagin
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorJames Jeffrey
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryDana Perino
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryRaul F. Yanes
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsKevin F. Sullivan
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and CounterterrorismKenneth Wainstein
    Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDaniel Meyer
    Assistant to the President for National Security AffairsStephen J. Hadley
    Assistant to the President for Presidential PersonnelJoie Gregor
    Assistant to the President for SpeechwritingMarc Theissen
    Assistant to the President for Strategic Initiatives and External AffairsBarry Jackson
    Counsel to the PresidentFred F. Fielding
    Counselor to the PresidentEd Gillespie
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for PolicyJoel D. Kaplan
    Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyAnita B. McBride
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Policy and PlanningTerri Teuber Moore
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionAdam Belmar
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Strategic Initiatives and External AffairsBrian McCormack
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and SchedulingMelissa S. Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of AdvanceSpencer Geissinger
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public LiaisonJulie Cram
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic InitiativesJoel Scanlon
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of USA Freedom CorpsHenry Lozano
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Intergovernmental AffairsJanet Weir Creighton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy National Security AdvisorDaniel Price
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsJohn Emling
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsDeb Fiddelke
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsChristopher Frech
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationLinda M. Gambatesa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Media AffairsJeanie S. Mamo
    Special Assistant to the President and White House Social SecretaryAmy Zantzinger
    Special Assistant to the President for Cabinet LiaisonRoss M. Kyle
    Total = 34.
    Source: US Government Manual 2008 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Barack Obama, 2009–2010
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffRahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for OperationsJames A. Messina
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for PolicyMona K. Sutphen
    Assistant to the President and Senior AdvisorDavid M. Axelrod
    Assistant to the President and Senior AdvisorPeter M. Rouse
    National Security AdvisorJames L. Jones Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorThomas E. Donilon
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Counterterrorism and Homeland SecurityJohn O. Brennan
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryChristopher P. Lu
    Assistant to the President and Counsel to the PresidentGregory B. Craig
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsPhilip M. Schiliro
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelDonald H. Gips
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsPatrick H. Gaspard
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and AdvanceAlyssa M. Mastromonaco
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingJonathan E. Favreau
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryRobert L. Gibbs
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryElizabeth M. Brown
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsAnita B. Dunn
    Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeCarol M. Browner
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement and Senior AdvisorValerie B. Jarrett
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationBradley J. Kiley
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the First Lady and CounselSusan S. Sher
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for National Security OperationsMark W. Lippert
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryElizabeth S. Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentCassandra Q. Butts
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentMary B. DeRosa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for ProductionHoward D. Pfeiffer
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential PersonnelKenneth F. Williams-Bennett
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryPeter F. Rundlet
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and OperationsEmmett S. Beliveau
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and SchedulingDanielle M. Crutchfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsCecilia Muñoz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Projects for the First LadyJocelyn C. Frye
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public EngagementChristina M. Tchen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Urban AffairsAdolfo Carrion Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security SpokespersonDenis R. McDonough
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Counsel to the PresidentDaniel J. Meltzer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeHeather R. Zichal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsLisa M. Konwinski
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House LiaisonDaniel A. Turton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate LiaisonShawn P. Maher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationHenry F. De Sio Jr.
    Total = 42.
    Source: US Government Manual 2009 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).
    Barack Obama, 2010–2011
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffRahm I. Emanuel
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for OperationsJames A. Messina
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for PolicyMona K. Sutphen
    Assistant to the President and Senior AdvisorDavid M. Axelrod
    Assistant to the President and Senior AdvisorPeter M. Rouse
    National Security AdvisorJames L. Jones Jr.
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorThomas E. Donilon
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Counterterrorism and Homeland SecurityJohn O. Brennan
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryChristopher P. Lu
    Assistant to the President and Counsel to the PresidentBob Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Director of Legislative AffairsPhilip M. Schiliro
    Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelNancy D. Hogan
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsPatrick H. Gaspard
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and AdvanceAlyssa M. Mastromonaco
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingJonathan E. Favreau
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryRobert L. Gibbs
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryElizabeth M. Brown
    Assistant to the President for CommunicationsHoward Dan Pfeiffer
    Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeCarol M. Browner
    Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement and Senior AdvisorValerie B. Jarrett
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationBradley J. Kiley
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the First Lady and CounselSusan S. Sher
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for National Security OperationsMark W. Lippert
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryElizabeth S. Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentMary B. DeRosa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryPeter F. Rundlet
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and OperationsEmmett S. Beliveau
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and SchedulingDanielle M. Crutchfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsCecilia Muñoz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Projects for the First LadyJocelyn C. Frye
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public EngagementChristina M. Tchen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Urban AffairsAdolfo Carrion Jr.
    Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security SpokespersonDenis R. McDonough
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeHeather R. Zichal
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsLisa M. Konwinski
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House LiaisonDaniel A. Turton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate LiaisonShawn P. Maher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationHenry F. De Sio Jr.
    Total = 38.
    Source: 2010 Report to Congress on White House Staff, http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration.
    Barack Obama, 2011–2012
    Assistant to the President and Chief of StaffWilliam M. Daley
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for OperationsJames A. Messina
    Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for PolicyMona K. Sutphen
    Assistant to the President and Senior AdvisorDavid Plouffe
    Counselor to the PresidentPeter M. Rouse
    National Security AdvisorThomas E. Donilon
    Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security AdvisorDenis R. McDonough
    Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and CounterterrorismJohn O. Brennan
    Assistant to the President and Cabinet SecretaryChristopher P. Lu
    Assistant to the President and Counsel to the PresidentRobert F. Bauer
    Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Legislative AffairsPhilip M. Schiliro
    Assistant to the President and Director of Political AffairsPatrick H. Gaspard
    Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and AdvanceAlyssa M. Mastromonaco
    Assistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingJonathan E. Favreau
    Assistant to the President and Press SecretaryJames “Jay” Carney
    Assistant to the President and Staff SecretaryElizabeth M. Brown
    Assistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsH. Daniel Pfeiffer
    Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeCarol M. Browner
    Senior Advisor and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public EngagementValerie B. Jarrett
    Assistant to the President for Special ProjectsStephanie Cutter
    Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationBradley J. Kiley
    Assistant to the President, Chief of Staff to the First Lady and CounselSusan S. Sher
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for National Security OperationsMark W. Lippert
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet SecretaryElizabeth S. Smith
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentSusan M. Davies
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentMary B. DeRosa
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the PresidentKathryn Ruemmler
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of CommunicationsJennifer R. Psaki
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Staff SecretaryPeter F. Rundlet
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and OperationsEmmett S. Beliveau
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and SchedulingDanielle M. Crutchfield
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsCecilia Munoz
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Policy and Projects for the First LadyJocelyn C. Frye
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Public EngagementChristina M. Tchen
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director, Office of Urban AffairsAdolfo Carrion Jr
    Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security Council Chief of StaffDenis R. McDonough
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Counsel to the PresidentDaniel J. Meltzer
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeHeather R. Zichal
    Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential PersonnelNancy D. Hogan
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative AffairsLisa M. Konwinski
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House LiaisonDaniel A. Turton
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate LiaisonShawn P. Maher
    Deputy Assistant to the President for Management and AdministrationHenry F. De Sio Jr.
    Total = 43.
    Source: US Government Manual 2011–2012, revised March 2011 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office).

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