- Subject index
Within a federal system, government agencies and regulatory policies can be fractured -- even at odds with each other. National actors share power with their counterparts in states and localities, as do presidents with Congressional leaders, and bureaucrats with judges. Understanding the broad economic and political contexts of environmental policymaking illuminates the motivations behind policy choices of various interested parties, from the National Park Service and the EPA to environmental activists and members of Congress. Rothenberg utilizes basic economic ideas to provide, not only a fresh look at how the U.S. deals with environmental ills, but a way of thinking about policy making in general.
Chapter 8: The EPA: Government as Regulator
The EPA: Government as Regulator
Although the government's principal policies toward the environment in the first half of the twentieth century involved its functioning as a landlord, in the second half of the twentieth century, and continuing to the present, they increasingly entailed its acting as a regulator. Government took on the role of setting policies to direct the specific production and consumption choices of individuals, firms, and even other governments. At the national level, the lead agency for environmental regulation is the Environmental Protection Agency. With the exception of the FWS implementing the ESA, the mission of the EPA, to set rules and guidelines or operate markets to make the choices of decision makers more environmentally favorable, is qualitatively different ...