• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Within a federal system, government agencies and regulatory policies can be fractured -- even at odds with each other. National actors share power with their counterparts in states and localities, as do presidents with Congressional leaders, and bureaucrats with judges. Understanding the broad economic and political contexts of environmental policymaking illuminates the motivations behind policy choices of various interested parties, from the National Park Service and the EPA to environmental activists and members of Congress. Rothenberg utilizes basic economic ideas to provide, not only a fresh look at how the U.S. deals with environmental ills, but a way of thinking about policy making in general.

National or Local Control: Conflicts Over Environmental Federalism
National or local control: Conflicts over environmental federalism

The development of a strong national presence in environmental affairs has not meant that state and local governments, and the forces trying to influence them, have become irrelevant. Indeed, they continue to play an active role in environmental affairs. As established in Chapters 3 and 4, a variety of more localized environmental issues and interests have developed as part of the evolution of environmental regulation. And, as the discussion of implementation in Chapter 5 made clear, state and local forces may substantially influence policy enforcement, adding to implementations fragmented appearance.

In addition to that created by its system of separation of powers, the American federalist structure, which involves multiple levels of ...

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