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Chapter 5: Developing and Enforcing Environmental Policy
Implementing environmental policy is clearly problematic. Almost every principal agency entrusted with enforcing environmental policy has been assailed for not carrying out its mission. Natural resource agencies are often cited for poor care of their resources, giving away valuable goods at below market costs and not fully integrating economic considerations into their decisions, catering to special interests, violating the Constitution by taking private goods belonging to others, and lacking coherent goals and policies. Similarly, the EPA is criticized for poor integration, inept employment of scientific knowledge, incoherent policies defying commonsense, delays, and burdening itself and others with enormous transaction costs.
Such condemnations might seem endemic to policy implementation where there are winners and losers, where agencies are ...