Malley v. Briggs (1986)

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  • Malley v. Briggs, 475 U.S. 335 (1986), involved a determination by the U.S. Supreme Court as to the type of immunity from money damages that could be extended to police officers when they ...

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    • A Quantity of Copies of Books v. Kansas (1964)
    • 63
    • Anti-Federalists
    • 90
    • Abandoned Property
    • 63
    • Adams, John
    • 65
    • Evanescent Evidence Doctrine
    • 243
    • Bill of Rights
    • 111
    • Central Intelligence Agency
    • 157
    • Magna Carta
    • 406
    • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rule 41
    • 257
    • Collection Act of 1789
    • 173
    • American Bar Association
    • 80
    • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
    • 277
    • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review
    • 278
    • American Civil Liberties Union
    • 81
    • Communications Act of 1934 (§ 605)
    • 181
    • Second Continental Congress Address
    • 561
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • 254
    • Due Process
    • 226
    • Hue and Cry
    • 338
    • Adams, Samuel
    • 66
    • Administrative Searches
    • 68
    • Abel v. United States (1960)
    • 64
    • Adams v. New York (1904)
    • 66
    • Aerial Searches
    • 69
    • Alito, Samuel A., Jr.
    • 77
    • Mere Evidence Rule
    • 427
    • Fifth Amendment
    • 259
    • National Security Agency
    • 455
    • Comstock Act
    • 184
    • Cato Institute
    • 157
    • Electronic Frontier Foundation
    • 235
    • Drivers Privacy Protection Act (1994)
    • 223
    • Massachusetts Declaration of Rights, Article XIV
    • 419
    • Particularity Requirement
    • 488
    • Amar, Akhil Reed
    • 80
    • Aguilar-Spinelli Test
    • 71
    • Adams v. Williams (1972)
    • 67
    • Agnello v. United States (1925)
    • 70
    • Airport Searches
    • 72
    • Amsterdam, Anthony
    • 85
    • Public Peril Exception to the Knock and Announce Rule
    • 517
    • Reconstruction Debates
    • 528
    • Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986
    • 234
    • Electronic Privacy Information Center
    • 237
    • National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
    • 452
    • Excise Tax of 1754 (Massachusetts)
    • 246
    • State Constitutional Provisions for Fourth Amendment Rights
    • 591
    • Retroactivity
    • 536
    • Anolik, Irving
    • 88
    • Anonymous Tips
    • 88
    • Aguilar v. Texas (1964)
    • 70
    • Air Pollution Variance Board v. Western Alfalfa Corporation (1974)
    • 72
    • Anticipatory Warrant
    • 89
    • Benson, Egbert
    • 109
    • Sovereign Immunity
    • 583
    • Third Amendment
    • 619
    • Excise Tax of 1791
    • 247
    • National Center for Justice and the Rule of Law
    • 453
    • Privy Council
    • 512
    • Exclusionary Rule Reform Act of 1995
    • 249
    • State Action Requirement
    • 590
    • Black, Hugo L.
    • 113
    • Apparent Authority to Consent
    • 90
    • Alabama v. White (1990)
    • 74
    • Albrecht v. United States (1927)
    • 74
    • Arrest Warrants
    • 96
    • Blackmun, Harry
    • 115
    • Upskirting
    • 702
    • Federal Communications Act of 1934
    • 255
    • Stationers' Company
    • 595
    • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
    • 275
    • Video Voyeurism
    • 711
    • Blackstone, William
    • 116
    • Automatic Standing Rule
    • 98
    • Albright v. Oliver (1994)
    • 75
    • Alderman v. United States (1969)
    • 76
    • Automobile Exception
    • 98
    • Bork, Robert H.
    • 121
    • Forfeiture Laws
    • 279
    • Gun Control Act of 1968
    • 313
    • Bradley, Craig M.
    • 125
    • Bare Bones Affidavit
    • 104
    • Alexander v. United States (1906)
    • 77
    • Allen v. McCurry (1980)
    • 78
    • Blood Testing
    • 117
    • Bradley, Joseph
    • 125
    • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
    • 323
    • National Prohibition Act
    • 453
    • Brandeis, Louis D.
    • 126
    • Border Search Exception
    • 120
    • Almeida-Sanchez v. United States (1973)
    • 79
    • American Civil Liberties Union v. National Security Agency (6th Cir. 2007)
    • 82
    • Bounty Hunters
    • 122
    • Brennan, William J., Jr.
    • 129
    • Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
    • 469
    • Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968
    • 475
    • Breyer, Stephen G.
    • 131
    • Bus Passenger Searches
    • 140
    • American Fur Company v. United States (1829)
    • 83
    • American Tobacco Company v. Werckmeister (1907)
    • 84
    • Checkpoints, Roadblocks, and Barricades
    • 161
    • Burger, Warren E.
    • 138
    • Right to Financial Privacy Act (1978)
    • 538
    • Stamp Act
    • 587
    • Butler, Dolly Lee
    • 141
    • Church Committee
    • 163
    • Amos v. United States (1921)
    • 84
    • Anderson v. Creighton (1987)
    • 85
    • Citizen Arrests
    • 165
    • Cardozo, Benjamin Nathan
    • 153
    • Stop and Identify Statutes
    • 604
    • Trespass Actions
    • 627
    • Clancy, Thomas K.
    • 168
    • Citizen Informants
    • 165
    • Anderson v. Maryland (1976)
    • 86
    • Anderson v. Sills (N.J. 1970)
    • 87
    • Citizen Review Boards
    • 166
    • Clark, Thomas Campbell
    • 169
    • USA PATRIOT Act
    • 702
    • Video Privacy Protection Act of 1988
    • 711
    • Cleary, John J.
    • 169
    • Closed Containers
    • 171
    • Angelet v. Fay (1965)
    • 87
    • Appolon, The (1824)
    • 91
    • Collective Knowledge Doctrine
    • 174
    • Cloud, A. Morgan, III
    • 172
    • Video Voyeurism Prevention Act of 2004
    • 712
    • Virginia Declaration of Rights
    • 713
    • Coke, Sir Edward
    • 172
    • College and University Police, Searches by
    • 174
    • Arizona v. Evans (1995)
    • 92
    • Arizona v. Gant (2009)
    • 92
    • Communists and the Fourth Amendment
    • 181
    • Comstock, Anthony
    • 184
    • Cooley, Thomas M.
    • 192
    • Community Caretaking Exception
    • 182
    • Arizona v. Hicks (1987)
    • 93
    • Arizona v. Johnson (2009)
    • 94
    • Computer Searches
    • 183
    • Cox, Archibald
    • 197
    • Dash, Samuel
    • 202
    • Congress and the Fourth Amendment
    • 185
    • Arkansas v. Sanders (1979)
    • 95
    • Arkansas v. Sullivan (2001)
    • 95
    • Consent Searches
    • 188
    • Davies, Thomas Y.
    • 204
    • Day, William Rufus
    • 207
    • Consent-Once-Removed Doctrine
    • 189
    • Atwater v. City of Lago Vista (2001)
    • 97
    • Bacon v. Towne (Mass. 1849)
    • 101
    • Constitutional Convention of 1787
    • 190
    • Devine, Richard A.
    • 211
    • Dickinson, John Francis
    • 212
    • Curtilage
    • 198
    • Bad Elk v. United States (1900)
    • 101
    • Baker v. McCollan (1979)
    • 102
    • Custodial Arrest
    • 199
    • Dore, John Francis
    • 219
    • Douglas, William O.
    • 220
    • Data Mining
    • 203
    • Baldwin v. United States (1981)
    • 102
    • Banks v. Farwell (Mass. 1838)
    • 103
    • Dataveillance
    • 203
    • Fisher, Jeffrey L.
    • 263
    • Fortas, Abe
    • 281
    • Delayed Probable Cause Searches
    • 208
    • Banks v. United States (10th Cir. 2007)
    • 103
    • Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
    • 104
    • Detention of Material Witnesses
    • 210
    • Frankfurter, Felix
    • 284
    • Frey, Andrew L.
    • 288
    • DNA Testing of Felons
    • 213
    • Bartnicki v. Vopper (2001)
    • 105
    • Beck v. Ohio (1964)
    • 106
    • Dog-Sniffing Searches
    • 215
    • Gerry, Elbridge
    • 297
    • Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
    • 299
    • Dormitory Rooms
    • 219
    • Bell v. Clapp (N.Y. 1813)
    • 107
    • Bell v. Hood (1946)
    • 107
    • Dropsy Testimony
    • 224
    • Goldberg, Arthur
    • 302
    • Goldstein, Thomas C.
    • 303
    • Drug Courier Profile
    • 224
    • Bell v. Wolfish (1979)
    • 108
    • Benanti v. United States (1957)
    • 108
    • Drug Testing
    • 225
    • Greenawalt, R. Kent
    • 309
    • Hale, Sir Matthew
    • 316
    • Due Process
    • 226
    • Berger v. New York (1967)
    • 109
    • Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents (1971)
    • 112
    • DUI Checkpoints
    • 227
    • Hall, John Wesley, Jr.
    • 317
    • Hand, Learned
    • 318
    • “Effects,” Fourth Amendment Protection of
    • 233
    • Black v. United States (1966)
    • 114
    • Block v. Rutherford (1984)
    • 117
    • Electronic Privacy
    • 235
    • Harlan, John Marshall, II
    • 319
    • Henry, Patrick
    • 325
    • Electronic Surveillance
    • 238
    • Board of Education v. Earls (2002)
    • 118
    • Board of License v. Pastore (1985)
    • 119
    • Email Searches
    • 240
    • Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr.
    • 331
    • Janklow, William
    • 362
    • Emergency Doctrine
    • 241
    • Bond v. United States (2000)
    • 119
    • Bowen v. United States (1975)
    • 122
    • Excessive Force
    • 245
    • Kagan, Elena
    • 369
    • Kamisar, Yale
    • 371
    • Exclusionary Rule
    • 247
    • Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
    • 122
    • Bowsher v. Merck & Co., Inc. (1983)
    • 123
    • Exigent Circumstances
    • 249
    • Karlan, Pamela S.
    • 371
    • Kennedy, Anthony McLeod
    • 374
    • Extraterritorial Application of the Fourth Amendment
    • 251
    • Boyd v. United States (1886)
    • 124
    • Bram v. United States (1897)
    • 126
    • Facial Recognition Technology and Video Surveillance
    • 253
    • Kerr, Orin S.
    • 377
    • LaFave, Wayne R.
    • 385
    • Film and Television Portrayals of Fourth Amendment Issues
    • 261
    • Breithaupt v. Abram (1957)
    • 127
    • Brendlin v. California (2007)
    • 128
    • Fingerprinting
    • 262
    • Lasson, Nelson Bernard
    • 387
    • Lavin, Anna R.
    • 388
    • Fleeing Felon Rule
    • 264
    • Brewer v. Williams (1977)
    • 130
    • Brigham City v. Stuart (2006)
    • 132
    • Forcible Entry
    • 275
    • Madison, James, Jr.
    • 404
    • Marshall, Thurgood
    • 412
    • Frank Doctrine
    • 282
    • Brinegar v. United States (1949)
    • 133
    • Brosseau v. Haugen (2004)
    • 134
    • Free-to-Leave Test
    • 287
    • Mason, George
    • 418
    • Minton, Sherman
    • 441
    • Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine
    • 289
    • Brower v. County of Inyo (1989)
    • 134
    • Brown v. Illinois (1975)
    • 135
    • Garbage Searches
    • 293
    • Monroe, Keith C.
    • 443
    • Murray, William, Lord Mansfield
    • 446
    • General Warrants
    • 295
    • Brown v. Texas (1979)
    • 136
    • Brown v. United States (1928)
    • 136
    • Good Faith Exception
    • 304
    • Oaks, Dallin Harris
    • 467
    • O'Connor, Sandra Day
    • 469
    • Habeas Corpus
    • 315
    • Bumper v. North Carolina (1968)
    • 137
    • Burdeau v. McDowell (1921)
    • 138
    • Hot Pursuit
    • 333
    • Ohm, Paul
    • 473
    • Otis, James
    • 482
    • “Houses, Papers, and Effects,” Fourth Amendment Protection of
    • 334
    • Burton v. New York Central & Hudson River Railroad Company (1917)
    • 140
    • Byars v. United States (1927)
    • 141
    • Identity Cards
    • 341
    • Pitt, William
    • 504
    • Posner, Richard A.
    • 508
    • Impeachment Exception to the Exclusionary Rule
    • 350
    • Cady v. Dombrowski (1973)
    • 143
    • Caledonian, The (1819)
    • 144
    • Implied Consent
    • 350
    • Powell, Lewis F., Jr.
    • 509
    • Rehnquist, William H.
    • 534
    • Inadvertent Discovery Requirement
    • 351
    • California Bankers Association v. Shultz (1974)
    • 144
    • California v. Acevedo (1991)
    • 145
    • Incident-to-Arrest Exception
    • 351
    • Reilley, James W.
    • 536
    • Roberts, John G., Jr.
    • 541
    • Independent Source Doctrine
    • 352
    • California v. Carney (1985)
    • 146
    • California v. Ciraolo (1986)
    • 147
    • Individualized Suspicion
    • 353
    • Rogow, Bruce S.
    • 543
    • Scalia, Antonin
    • 552
    • Inevitable Discovery
    • 354
    • California v. Greenwood (1988)
    • 148
    • California v. Hodari D. (1991)
    • 149
    • Informants, Use of
    • 355
    • Schneider, Harvey A.
    • 556
    • Sevilla, Charles Martin
    • 566
    • Internet and the Fourth Amendment
    • 356
    • California v. Minjares (1979)
    • 149
    • California v. Riegler (1981)
    • 150
    • Inventory Searches
    • 358
    • Sotomayor, Sonia
    • 580
    • Souter, David H.
    • 581
    • Investigatory Detentions
    • 359
    • California v. Rooney (1987)
    • 150
    • California v. Sabo (1987)
    • 151
    • Juvenile Rights
    • 366
    • Steinberg, David E.
    • 598
    • Stevens, John Paul
    • 598
    • Keystroke Logging
    • 377
    • Camara v. Municipal Court (1967)
    • 151
    • Camreta v. Greene (2011)
    • 152
    • Knock and Announce Rule
    • 380
    • Stewart, Potter
    • 600
    • Stokes, Louis
    • 601
    • Landlord Consent
    • 385
    • Cardwell v. Lewis (1974)
    • 154
    • Cardwell v. Taylor (1983)
    • 155
    • Least Intrusive Means
    • 389
    • Story, Joseph
    • 605
    • Taft, William Howard
    • 609
    • License Checks
    • 393
    • Carolene Products, Footnote 4
    • 155
    • Carroll v. United States (1925)
    • 156
    • Liquor Store Checks
    • 395
    • Tarlow, Barry
    • 610
    • Thomas, Clarence
    • 621
    • Lone Wolf Amendment
    • 397
    • Chadwick v. United States (1977)
    • 158
    • Chambers v. Maroney (1970)
    • 159
    • Magistrate, Neutral and Detached
    • 405
    • Tucker, St. George
    • 631
    • Warren, Earl
    • 723
    • Mail Covers
    • 406
    • Chandler v. Miller (1997)
    • 159
    • Chapman, In Re (1897)
    • 160
    • “Man's Home Is His Castle”
    • 408
    • Westin, Alan
    • 731
    • White, Byron
    • 733
    • Metal Detectors
    • 428
    • Chapman v. United States (1961)
    • 160
    • Charles v. United States (9th Cir. 1960)
    • 161
    • Military Personnel and Fourth Amendment Rights
    • 437
    • Wigmore, John Henry
    • 735
    • Wilson, James
    • 737
    • Minimization Provision
    • 439
    • Chimel v. California (1969)
    • 162
    • Christofferson v. Washington (1969)
    • 163
    • Newsroom Searches in the United States
    • 462
    • Wirin, A. L.
    • 743
    • Woody, Clyde W.
    • 747
    • Nighttime Searches
    • 463
    • Cioffi v. United States (1974)
    • 164
    • City of Indianapolis v. Edmond (2000)
    • 166
    • “Oath or Affirmation”
    • 467
    • Yoo, John
    • 751
    • Obscenity Cases
    • 468
    • City of Ontario v. Quon (2010)
    • 167
    • City of West Covina v. Perkins (1999)
    • 168
    • Open Fields Doctrine
    • 478
    • Palmer Raids
    • 486
    • Cleary v. Bolger (1963)
    • 170
    • Clements v. Logan (1981)
    • 171
    • Parolees and Probationers
    • 487
    • Passengers and the Fourth Amendment
    • 488
    • Colonnade Catering Corporation v. United States (1970)
    • 175
    • Colorado v. Bannister (1980)
    • 176
    • Pen Register Searches
    • 495
    • Penumbras
    • 498
    • Colorado v. Bertine (1987)
    • 176
    • Combs v. United States (1972)
    • 177
    • Pervasively Regulated Business
    • 503
    • Photostops
    • 503
    • Commonwealth v. Carey (Mass. 1853)
    • 177
    • Commonwealth v. Crotty (Mass. 1865)
    • 178
    • Plain Feel Doctrine
    • 505
    • Plain Smell Doctrine
    • 505
    • Commonwealth v. Dana (Mass. 1841)
    • 178
    • Commonwealth v. Griffith (Mass. 1823)
    • 179
    • Plain View Doctrine
    • 506
    • Prisoners and the Fourth Amendment
    • 511
    • Commonwealth v. Phelps (Mass. 1911)
    • 179
    • Commonwealth v. Reynolds (Mass. 1876)
    • 180
    • Privately Employed Police and Security Forces
    • 511
    • Probable Cause
    • 513
    • Conn v. Gabbert (1999)
    • 187
    • Connally v. Georgia (1977)
    • 187
    • Prohibition and the Fourth Amendment
    • 514
    • Protective Sweeps and Protective Weapons Searches
    • 515
    • Conner v. Commonwealth (Pa. 1810)
    • 187
    • Cook v. United States (1971)
    • 191
    • Public Employees and the Fourth Amendment
    • 516
    • Public Peril Exception to the Knock and Announce Rule
    • 517
    • Coolidge v. New Hampshire (1971)
    • 193
    • Cooper v. California (1967)
    • 194
    • Qualified Immunity
    • 519
    • Racial Profiling
    • 521
    • Cotzhausen v. Nazro (1883)
    • 194
    • Counselman v. Hitchcock (1892)
    • 195
    • Reasonable Expectation of Privacy
    • 527
    • Reasonable Suspicion
    • 527
    • County of Riverside v. McLaughlin (1991)
    • 195
    • County of Sacramento v. Lewis (1998)
    • 196
    • Red Scare
    • 533
    • School Searches
    • 556
    • Cupp v. Murphy (1973)
    • 197
    • Dalia v. United States (1979)
    • 201
    • Search Incident to Arrest
    • 559
    • Searches and Seizures at Sea
    • 561
    • Davis v. Mississippi (1969)
    • 205
    • Davis v. United States (1946)
    • 205
    • Secondary Search
    • 562
    • Sex Offenders, Monitoring of
    • 567
    • Davis v. United States (2011)
    • 206
    • Delaware v. Prouse (1979)
    • 208
    • Silver Platter Doctrine
    • 572
    • Slave Patrols
    • 575
    • Den ex dem. Murray v. Hoboken Land and Improvement Company (1856)
    • 209
    • Desist v. United States (1969)
    • 209
    • Special Needs Doctrine
    • 584
    • Standing Requirements
    • 588
    • Devenpeck v. Alford (2004)
    • 211
    • Director General of Railroads v. Kastenbaum (1923)
    • 212
    • Stop and Frisk
    • 603
    • Strip Searches
    • 605
    • Dodge v. United States (1926)
    • 214
    • Doe v. Renfrow (1981)
    • 214
    • Submission
    • 607
    • Terrorist Surveillance Program
    • 615
    • Dombrowski v. Eastland (1967)
    • 217
    • Donaldson v. United States (1971)
    • 217
    • Text Messaging and the Fourth Amendment
    • 618
    • Third-Party Consent
    • 620
    • Donovan v. Dewey (1980)
    • 218
    • Donovan v. Lone Steer (1984)
    • 218
    • Totality of the Circumstances Test
    • 625
    • Traffic Stops
    • 626
    • Dow Chemical Co. v. United States (1986)
    • 222
    • Draper v. United States (1959)
    • 222
    • Trial by Jury
    • 628
    • Useless Gesture Exception
    • 705
    • Dumbra v. United States (1925)
    • 229
    • Dunaway v. New York (1979)
    • 229
    • Vehicle Pursuits
    • 709
    • War on Drugs
    • 720
    • Duncantell v. Texas (1978)
    • 230
    • Dye v. New Jersey (1972)
    • 231
    • Welfare Searches
    • 728
    • Wiretapping
    • 741
    • Dyke v. Taylor Implement Mfg. Co. (1968)
    • 231
    • Elder v. Holloway (1994)
    • 233
    • Writs of Assistance
    • 747
    • Elkins v. United States (1960)
    • 240
    • Entick v. Carrington (G.B. 1765)
    • 242
    • Essgee Company v. United States (1923)
    • 242
    • Ex Parte Bollman (1807)
    • 243
    • Ex Parte Burford (1806)
    • 244
    • Ex Parte Jackson (1878)
    • 245
    • Federal Trade Commission v. American Tobacco Company (1924)
    • 257
    • Feldman v. United States (1944)
    • 258
    • Ferguson v. Charleston (2001)
    • 259
    • Fisher v. United States (1976)
    • 264
    • Flint v. Stone Tracy Company (1911)
    • 265
    • Flippo v. West Virginia (1999)
    • 265
    • Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders of County of Burlington (2012)
    • 266
    • Florida v. Bostick (1991)
    • 267
    • Florida v. Casal (1983)
    • 267
    • Florida v. J. L. (2000)
    • 268
    • Florida v. Jimeno (1991)
    • 269
    • Florida v. Meyers (1984)
    • 270
    • Florida v. Riley (1989)
    • 270
    • Florida v. Rodriguez (1984)
    • 271
    • Florida v. Royer (1983)
    • 272
    • Florida v. Thomas (2001)
    • 273
    • Florida v. Wells (1990)
    • 273
    • Florida v. White (1999)
    • 274
    • Fort Wayne Books v. Indiana (1989)
    • 280
    • Frank v. Maryland (1959)
    • 283
    • Franks v. Delaware (1978)
    • 285
    • Frazier v. Cupp (1969)
    • 286
    • Frisbie v. Butler (1787)
    • 288
    • Frisbie v. Collins (1952)
    • 289
    • Fuller v. Alaska (1968)
    • 290
    • G. M. Leasing Corp. v. United States (1977)
    • 291
    • Gambino v. United States (1927)
    • 292
    • Gamble v. Oklahoma (1978)
    • 292
    • Gelbard v. United States (1972)
    • 294
    • Gelston v. Hoyt (1818)
    • 295
    • Gentile v. United States (1974)
    • 296
    • Georgia v. Randolph (2006)
    • 296
    • Gerstein v. Pugh (1975)
    • 298
    • Gilbert v. California (1967)
    • 299
    • Giordano v. United States (1969)
    • 300
    • Giordenello v. United States (1958)
    • 301
    • Go-Bart Importing v. United States (1931)
    • 301
    • Goldman v. United States (1942)
    • 303
    • Goldstein v. United States (1942)
    • 304
    • Gooding v. United States (1974)
    • 305
    • Gouled v. United States (1921)
    • 306
    • Graham v. Connor (1989)
    • 307
    • Granello v. United States (1967)
    • 308
    • Grau v. United States (1932)
    • 308
    • Griffin v. Wisconsin (1987)
    • 309
    • Griffith v. Kentucky (1987)
    • 310
    • Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
    • 310
    • Groh v. Ramirez (2004)
    • 312
    • Grumon v. Raymond (Conn. 1814)
    • 313
    • Gustafson v. Florida (1973)
    • 314
    • Hale v. Henkel (1906)
    • 316
    • Hanlon v. Berger (1999)
    • 318
    • Haring v. Prosise (1983)
    • 319
    • Harris v. Nelson (1969)
    • 320
    • Harris v. New York (1971)
    • 321
    • Harris v. United States (1947)
    • 321
    • Harris v. United States (1968)
    • 323
    • Hayes v. Florida (1985)
    • 323
    • Heller v. New York (1973)
    • 324
    • Henry v. Mississippi (1965)
    • 326
    • Henry v. United States (1959)
    • 326
    • Herring v. United States (2009)
    • 327
    • Hester v. United States (1924)
    • 328
    • Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada (2004)
    • 328
    • Hill v. California (1971)
    • 329
    • Hoffa v. United States (1966, 1967)
    • 330
    • Holly v. Mix (N.Y. 1829)
    • 331
    • Horton v. California (1990)
    • 332
    • Huckle v. Money (C.P. 1763)
    • 335
    • Hudson v. Michigan (2006)
    • 336
    • Hudson v. Palmer (1984)
    • 337
    • Hudson v. United States (1971)
    • 338
    • Hunter v. Bryant (1991)
    • 338
    • Husty v. United States (1931)
    • 339
    • Illinois v. Andreas (1983)
    • 342
    • Illinois v. Caballes (2005)
    • 342
    • Illinois v. Condon (1993)
    • 343
    • Illinois v. Gates (1983)
    • 343
    • Illinois v. Krull (1987)
    • 344
    • Illinois v. Lafayette (1983)
    • 345
    • Illinois v. Lidster (2004)
    • 345
    • Illinois v. McArthur (2001)
    • 346
    • Illinois v. Rodriguez (1990)
    • 347
    • Illinois v. Wardlow (2000)
    • 347
    • Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Delgado (1984)
    • 348
    • Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Lopez-Mendoza (1984)
    • 349
    • Ingraham v. Wright (1977)
    • 355
    • Interstate Commerce Commission v. Baird (1904)
    • 357
    • Irvine v. California (1954)
    • 359
    • Isbrandtsen-Moller Co., Inc. v. United States (1937)
    • 360
    • James v. Illinois (1990)
    • 361
    • James v. Louisiana (1965)
    • 362
    • Jarvis v. United States (1978)
    • 362
    • Johnson v. Louisiana (1972)
    • 363
    • Johnson v. United States (1948)
    • 364
    • Jones v. Robbins (Mass. 1857)
    • 364
    • Jones v. United States (1958)
    • 365
    • Jones v. United States (1960)
    • 365
    • Kaiser v. New York (1969)
    • 370
    • Kalina v. Fletcher (1997)
    • 370
    • Katz v. United States (1967)
    • 372
    • Kaufman v. United States (1969)
    • 373
    • Kaupp v. Texas (2003)
    • 373
    • Kentucky v. King (2011)
    • 375
    • Ker v. California (1963)
    • 376
    • Ker v. Illinois (1886)
    • 376
    • Kimmelman v. Morrison (1986)
    • 378
    • Kirk v. Louisiana (2002)
    • 379
    • Knowles v. Iowa (1998)
    • 380
    • Kolender v. Lawson (1983)
    • 381
    • Kolod v. United States (1968)
    • 382
    • Kremen v. United States (1957)
    • 382
    • Kurtz v. Moffitt (1885)
    • 383
    • Kyllo v. United States (2001)
    • 383
    • Lanier v. South Carolina (1985)
    • 386
    • Lanza v. New York (1962)
    • 386
    • Larthet v. Forgay (La. 1847)
    • 387
    • Lauchli v. United States (1972)
    • 388
    • Leatherman v. Tarrant County Narcotics Intelligence and Coordination Unit (1993)
    • 389
    • Lee v. Florida (1968)
    • 390
    • Lefkowitz v. Newsome (1975)
    • 390
    • Lego v. Twomey (1972)
    • 391
    • Lekas v. Illinois (1988)
    • 391
    • Levell v. California (1980)
    • 392
    • Lewis v. United States (1966)
    • 392
    • Linkletter v. Walker (1965)
    • 394
    • Little v. Barreme (1804)
    • 396
    • Locke v. United States (1813)
    • 396
    • Lo-Ji Sales v. New York (1979)
    • 397
    • Lopez v. United States (1963)
    • 398
    • Los Angeles County v. Rettele (2007)
    • 399
    • Lustig v. United States (1949)
    • 399
    • Luther v. Borden (1849)
    • 400
    • Mackey v. United States (1971)
    • 403
    • Malley v. Briggs (1986)
    • 407
    • Mancusi v. DeForte (1968)
    • 407
    • Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
    • 409
    • Marcus v. Search Warrant (1961)
    • 410
    • Marron v. United States (1927)
    • 411
    • Marshall v. Barlow's, Inc. (1978)
    • 413
    • Maryland v. Buie (1990)
    • 414
    • Maryland v. Dyson (1999)
    • 414
    • Maryland v. Garrison (1987)
    • 415
    • Maryland v. Macon (1985)
    • 416
    • Maryland v. Pringle (2003)
    • 416
    • Maryland v. Wilson (1997)
    • 417
    • Massachusetts v. Painten (1968)
    • 420
    • Massachusetts v. Sheppard (1984)
    • 420
    • Massachusetts v. Upton (1984)
    • 421
    • Massiah v. United States (1964)
    • 422
    • Maul v. United States (1927)
    • 422
    • Mayo v. Wilson (N.H. 1817)
    • 423
    • McCleary v. Navarro (1992)
    • 424
    • McCommon v. Mississippi (1985)
    • 424
    • McCray v. Illinois (1967)
    • 425
    • McDonald v. United States (1948)
    • 425
    • McGrain v. Daugherty (1927)
    • 426
    • McGuire v. United States (1927)
    • 426
    • McPhaul v. United States (1960)
    • 427
    • Michael v. United States (1981)
    • 429
    • Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz (1990)
    • 429
    • Michigan v. Chesternut (1988)
    • 430
    • Michigan v. Clifford (1984)
    • 431
    • Michigan v. DeFillippo (1979)
    • 431
    • Michigan v. Doran (1978)
    • 432
    • Michigan v. Essa (1986)
    • 433
    • Michigan v. Fisher (2009)
    • 433
    • Michigan v. Long (1983)
    • 434
    • Michigan v. Summers (1981)
    • 435
    • Michigan v. Thomas (1982)
    • 435
    • Michigan v. Tyler (1978)
    • 436
    • Miller v. United States (1958)
    • 437
    • Mincey v. Arizona (1978)
    • 438
    • Minnesota v. Carter (1998)
    • 439
    • Minnesota v. Dickerson (1993)
    • 440
    • Minnesota v. Olson (1990)
    • 441
    • Miroyan v. United States (1978)
    • 442
    • Money v. Leach (K.B. 1765)
    • 443
    • Monroe v. Pape (1961)
    • 444
    • Morales v. New York (1969)
    • 445
    • Moran v. Neff (1974)
    • 445
    • Muehler v. Mena (2005)
    • 446
    • Murray v. United States (1974)
    • 447
    • Murray v. United States (1988)
    • 447
    • Murray's Lessee v. Hoboken Land & Improvement Co. (1856)
    • 448
    • Nardone v. United States, I and II (1937, 1939)
    • 451
    • Nathanson v. United States (1933)
    • 452
    • National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab (1989)
    • 455
    • New Jersey v. Reid (N.J. 2008)
    • 456
    • New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985)
    • 457
    • New York v. Belton (1981)
    • 458
    • New York v. Burger (1987)
    • 459
    • New York v. Class (1986)
    • 460
    • New York v. Earl (1977)
    • 461
    • New York v. Harris (1990)
    • 461
    • New York v. P. J. Video, Inc. (1986)
    • 462
    • Nix v. Williams (1984)
    • 464
    • Nixon v. Administrator of General Services (1977)
    • 465
    • Nugent v. United States (1972)
    • 466
    • Ocampo v. United States (1914)
    • 468
    • O'Connor v. Ortega (1987)
    • 470
    • Ohio ex rel. Eaton v. Price (1959, 1960)
    • 471
    • Ohio v. Robinette (1996)
    • 472
    • Oklahoma Press Publishing Co. v. Walling (1946)
    • 473
    • Oliver v. United States (1984)
    • 474
    • Olmstead v. United States (1928)
    • 474
    • On Lee v. United States (1952)
    • 476
    • One 1958 Plymouth Sedan v. Pennsylvania (1965)
    • 477
    • Opinion of the Justices of the Superior Court of Judicature (N.H. 1852)
    • 479
    • Oregon v. Elstad (1985)
    • 479
    • Oregon v. Hass (1975)
    • 480
    • Ornelas v. United States (1996)
    • 480
    • Osborn v. United States (1966)
    • 481
    • Overton v. Ohio (2001)
    • 483
    • Oystead v. Shed (Mass. 1816)
    • 483
    • Packwood v. Senate Select Committee on Ethics (1994)
    • 485
    • Palmore v. United States (1973)
    • 487
    • Patterson v. Blackiston (Del. 1818)
    • 490
    • Paul v. Davis (1976)
    • 490
    • Paulino v. United States (1989)
    • 490
    • Paxton's Case (Mass. 1761)
    • 491
    • Payton v. New York (1980)
    • 491
    • Pearce v. Atwood (Mass. 1816)
    • 493
    • Pearson v. Callahan (2009)
    • 493
    • Pembaur v. City of Cincinnati (1986)
    • 494
    • Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole v. Scott (1998)
    • 496
    • Pennsylvania v. Dunlap (2008)
    • 496
    • Pennsylvania v. Labron (1996)
    • 497
    • Pennsylvania v. Mimms (1977)
    • 498
    • People v. Cahan (Cal. 1955)
    • 499
    • People v. Chiagles (N.Y. 1923)
    • 500
    • People v. Defore (N.Y. 1926)
    • 500
    • People v. Gonzales (Cal. 1942)
    • 501
    • People v. Martin (Cal. 1955)
    • 502
    • Poe v. Ullman (1961)
    • 507
    • Powell v. Nevada (1994)
    • 510
    • Preston v. United States (1964)
    • 510
    • Pugach v. Dollinger (1961)
    • 518
    • Rakas v. Illinois (1978)
    • 523
    • Rathbun v. United States (1957)
    • 524
    • Rawlings v. Kentucky (1980)
    • 525
    • Rea v. United States (1956)
    • 526
    • Read v. Case (Conn. 1822)
    • 526
    • Recznik v. City of Lorain (1968)
    • 532
    • Reed v. Farley (1994)
    • 534
    • Reid v. Georgia (1980)
    • 535
    • Richards v. Wisconsin (1997)
    • 537
    • Riggan v. Virginia (1966)
    • 538
    • Rios v. United States (1960)
    • 539
    • Roaden v. Kentucky (1973)
    • 539
    • Robbins v. California (1981)
    • 540
    • Rochin v. California (1952)
    • 542
    • Rohan v. Sawin (Mass. 1850)
    • 543
    • Roviaro v. United States (1957)
    • 544
    • Rugendorf v. United States (1964)
    • 544
    • Russo v. Byrne (1972)
    • 545
    • Safford Unified School District v. Redding (2009)
    • 547
    • Sailly v. Smith (N.Y. 1814)
    • 548
    • Samson v. California (2006)
    • 549
    • Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon (2006)
    • 549
    • Sandford v. Nichols (Mass. 1816)
    • 550
    • Saucier v. Katz (2001)
    • 551
    • Schenck v. United States (1919)
    • 553
    • Scher v. United States (1938)
    • 553
    • Schmerber v. California (1966)
    • 554
    • Schneckloth v. Bustamonte (1973)
    • 554
    • Schwartz v. Texas (1952)
    • 557
    • Scott v. Harris (2007)
    • 558
    • Scott v. United States (1978)
    • 559
    • Securities and Exchange Commission v. Jerry T. O'Brien (1984)
    • 563
    • Sedillo v. United States (1974)
    • 563
    • See v. City of Seattle (1967)
    • 564
    • Segura v. United States (1984)
    • 564
    • Segurola v. United States (1927)
    • 565
    • Semayne's Case (1604)
    • 566
    • Sgro v. United States (1932)
    • 568
    • Shadwick v. City of Tampa (1972)
    • 568
    • Shapiro v. State (Fla. 1980)
    • 569
    • Shapiro v. United States (1948)
    • 569
    • Shipley v. California (1969)
    • 570
    • Sibron v. New York (1968)
    • 571
    • Silverman v. United States (1961)
    • 572
    • Silverthorne Lumber Co., Inc. v. United States (1920)
    • 573
    • Simmons v. United States (1968)
    • 573
    • Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives' Association (1989)
    • 574
    • Smith v. Maryland (1855)
    • 578
    • Smith v. Maryland (1979)
    • 579
    • Smith v. Ohio (1990)
    • 579
    • Soldal v. Cook County (1992)
    • 580
    • South Dakota v. Opperman (1976)
    • 582
    • Spinelli v. United States (1969)
    • 585
    • Stacey v. Emery (1878)
    • 586
    • Stallings v. Splain (1920)
    • 586
    • Stanford v. Texas (1965)
    • 589
    • Stanley v. Georgia (1969)
    • 590
    • State v. Brown (Del. 1854)
    • 593
    • State v. Hill (Wash. 1994)
    • 593
    • State v. Jacumin (Tenn. 1989)
    • 594
    • State v. Lindway (Ohio 1936)
    • 594
    • Steagald v. United States (1981)
    • 595
    • Steele v. United States, I and II (1925)
    • 596
    • Stefanelli v. Minard (1951)
    • 597
    • Stewart v. Sonneborn (1879)
    • 601
    • Stone v. Powell (1976)
    • 602
    • Stoner v. California (1964)
    • 603
    • Talbot v. Seeman (1801)
    • 610
    • Taylor v. Alabama (1982)
    • 611
    • Taylor v. Taintor (1873)
    • 612
    • Taylor v. United States (1845)
    • 612
    • Taylor v. United States (1932)
    • 613
    • Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
    • 613
    • Terry v. Ohio (1968)
    • 615
    • Texas v. Brown (1983)
    • 617
    • Texas v. White (1975)
    • 617
    • The King v. Dr. Purnell (K.B. 1748)
    • 619
    • Thompson, The (1866)
    • 622
    • Thompson v. Louisiana (1984)
    • 622
    • Thompson v. State (Ala. 1854)
    • 623
    • Thornton v. United States (2004)
    • 623
    • Tierney v. United States (1972, 1973)
    • 624
    • Torres v. Puerto Rico (1979)
    • 625
    • Trapper v. North Carolina (1981)
    • 627
    • Trulock v. Freeh (4th Cir. 2001)
    • 629
    • Trupiano v. United States (1948)
    • 630
    • United States ex rel. Bilokumsky v. Tod (1923)
    • 633
    • United States v. 12 200-Ft. Reels of Super 8 mm. Film (1973)
    • 633
    • United States v. Alvarez-Machain (1992)
    • 634
    • United States v. Andrus (10th Cir. 2007)
    • 635
    • United States v. Arvizu (2002)
    • 636
    • United States v. Banks (2003)
    • 636
    • United States v. Berkeness (1927)
    • 637
    • United States v. Biswell (1972)
    • 638
    • United States v. Bowen (9th Cir. 1974)
    • 638
    • United States v. Brignoni-Ponce (1975)
    • 639
    • United States v. Burr (Cir. Ct. Va. 1807)
    • 640
    • United States v. Caceres (1979)
    • 641
    • United States v. Calandra (1974)
    • 641
    • United States v. Cardiff (1952)
    • 642
    • United States v. Carey (10th Cir. 1999)
    • 642
    • United States v. Ceccolini (1978)
    • 643
    • United States v. Chadwick (1977)
    • 644
    • United States v. Chavez (1974)
    • 645
    • United States v. Cortez (1981)
    • 645
    • United States v. Crews (1980)
    • 646
    • United States v. Di Re (1948)
    • 647
    • United States v. Dionisio (1973)
    • 648
    • United States v. Donovan (1977)
    • 648
    • United States v. Drayton (2002)
    • 649
    • United States v. Dunn (1987)
    • 650
    • United States v. Edwards (1974)
    • 651
    • United States v. Espinoza (7th Cir. 2001)
    • 651
    • United States v. Euge (1980)
    • 652
    • United States v. Flores-Montano (2004)
    • 653
    • United States v. Forrester (9th Cir. 2008)
    • 653
    • United States v. Giordano (1974)
    • 654
    • United States v. Grubbs (2006)
    • 654
    • United States v. Handy (9th Cir. 1986)
    • 655
    • United States v. Hartwell (3rd Cir. 2006)
    • 656
    • United States v. Havens (1980)
    • 656
    • United States v. Hensley (1985)
    • 657
    • United States v. Jacobsen (1984)
    • 658
    • United States v. James Daniel Good Real Property (1993)
    • 658
    • United States v. Janis (1976)
    • 659
    • United States v. Jeffers (1951)
    • 660
    • United States v. Johns (1985)
    • 661
    • United States v. Johnson (1982)
    • 661
    • United States v. Jones (2012)
    • 662
    • United States v. Kahn (1974)
    • 663
    • United States v. Karo (1984)
    • 664
    • United States v. King (11th Cir. 2007)
    • 665
    • United States v. Knights (2001)
    • 665
    • United States v. Knotts (1983)
    • 666
    • United States v. Kriesel (9th Cir. 2007)
    • 667
    • United States v. La Jeune Eugenie (1822)
    • 668
    • United States v. Lee (1927)
    • 668
    • United States v. Lefkowitz (1932)
    • 669
    • United States v. Leon (1984)
    • 670
    • United States v. Mara (1973)
    • 671
    • United States v. Martinez-Fuerte (1976)
    • 671
    • United States v. Matlock (1974)
    • 672
    • United States v. Mendenhall (1980)
    • 673
    • United States v. Miller (1976)
    • 674
    • United States v. Montoya de Hernandez (1985)
    • 675
    • United States v. Morgan (1911)
    • 676
    • United States v. Morrison (1976)
    • 676
    • United States v. Morton Salt (1950)
    • 676
    • United States v. New York Telephone Co. (1977)
    • 677
    • United States v. Ortiz (1975)
    • 678
    • United States v. Padilla (1993)
    • 679
    • United States v. Payner (1980)
    • 679
    • United States v. Peltier (1975)
    • 680
    • United States v. Place (1983)
    • 681
    • United States v. Powell (1964)
    • 681
    • United States v. Powell (11th Cir. 2000)
    • 682
    • United States v. Providence Journal (1988)
    • 683
    • United States v. Quinn (1986)
    • 683
    • United States v. R. Enterprises, Inc. (1991)
    • 684
    • United States v. Rabinowitz (1950)
    • 684
    • United States v. Ramirez (1998)
    • 685
    • United States v. Ramsey (1977)
    • 686
    • United States v. Robinson (1973)
    • 687
    • United States v. Ross (1982)
    • 688
    • United States v. Rowell (7th Cir. 1980)
    • 689
    • United States v. Salvucci (1980)
    • 689
    • United States v. Santana (1976)
    • 690
    • United States v. Sharpe (1985)
    • 690
    • United States v. Simons (4th Cir. 2000)
    • 691
    • United States v. Sokolow (1989)
    • 692
    • United States v. Tamura (9th Cir. 1982)
    • 693
    • United States v. United States District Court (1972)
    • 694
    • United States v. Van Leeuwen (1970)
    • 694
    • United States v. Ventresca (1965)
    • 695
    • United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez (1990)
    • 696
    • United States v. Villamonte-Marquez (1983)
    • 697
    • United States v. Wallace & Teirnan (1949)
    • 697
    • United States v. Watson (1976)
    • 698
    • United States v. Welbeck (2nd Cir. 1998)
    • 699
    • United States v. White (1944)
    • 699
    • United States v. White (1971)
    • 700
    • United States v. Ziegler (9th Cir. 2007)
    • 701
    • Upshaw v. United States (1948)
    • 702
    • Vale v. Louisiana (1970)
    • 707
    • Vasquez v. United States (1981)
    • 707
    • Veeder v. United States (7th Cir. 1918)
    • 708
    • Vernonia School District v. Acton (1995)
    • 709
    • Virginia v. Moore (2008)
    • 713
    • Von Cleef v. New Jersey (1969)
    • 714
    • Wakely v. Hart (Pa. 1814)
    • 717
    • Walder v. United States (1954)
    • 718
    • Wallace v. Kato (2007)
    • 718
    • Waller v. Georgia (1984)
    • 719
    • Walter v. United States (1980)
    • 720
    • Warden v. Hayden (1967)
    • 722
    • Warshak v. United States (6th Cir. 2008)
    • 724
    • Washington v. Chrisman (1982)
    • 725
    • Weeks v. United States (1914)
    • 726
    • Weimer v. Bunbury (Mich. 1874)
    • 727
    • Weiss v. United States (1939)
    • 728
    • Wells v. Jackson (Va. 1811)
    • 729
    • Welsh v. Wisconsin (1984)
    • 729
    • West v. Cabell (1894)
    • 730
    • Whalen v. Roe (1977)
    • 731
    • Wheeldin v. Wheeler (1963)
    • 732
    • Wheeler v. United States (1913)
    • 732
    • Whiteley v. Warden (1971)
    • 734
    • Whren v. United States (1996)
    • 735
    • Wilkes v. Wood (1763)
    • 736
    • Williams v. United States (1971)
    • 737
    • Wilson v. Arkansas (1995)
    • 738
    • Wilson v. Layne (1999)
    • 739
    • Wilson v. Schnettler (1961)
    • 739
    • Wilson v. United States (1911)
    • 740
    • Winston v. Lee (1985)
    • 741
    • Wise v. Henkel (1911)
    • 743
    • Wise v. Mills (1911)
    • 744
    • Wise v. Withers (1806)
    • 744
    • Withrow v. Williams (1993)
    • 744
    • Wolf v. Colorado (1949)
    • 745
    • Wong Sun v. United States (1963)
    • 746
    • Wyman v. James (1971)
    • 748
    • Wyoming v. Houghton (1999)
    • 749
    • Ybarra v. Illinois (1979)
    • 751
    • Zap v. United States (1946)
    • 753
    • Zeigler v. Florida (1982)
    • 754
    • Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978)
    • 754
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