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Boarding Schools, Native American

By the twentieth century, the United States had established authority over previously sovereign Native American nations. As a consequence, many Native Americans sought a European-based education. Distant boarding schools run by the U.S. government separated native families for long periods of time, and Native American schoolchildren did not receive the same care and protection in these boarding schools as they would have received at home. Native American youth faced various hardships in boarding schools such as immersion in a new culture and language, bullying, manual labor, punishment by school staff, estrangement from family and community, and exposure to disease and illnesses. The historiography of American Indian boarding schools presents this paradox: Many Native Americans valued the education provided by boarding schools, while they resented ...

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