Black Hills

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  • The Black Hills are a small isolated mountain range rising four thousand feet above the surrounding prairies of western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming. The Black Hills, an area almost six thousand square miles in size, has been used by native peoples since 13,000 BCE. The last group to claim the area, the Lakota, are the ones who named it Paha Sapa (Black Hills), since the forested hills appear black from the surrounding prairie.

    The Sioux tribes consider the Black Hills sacred—the center of the universe—and go there to quest for visions, fast, and bury the dead. The Black Hills also served a more practical purpose, providing a ready supply of food and building materials. Both its sacredness and the rich, natural resources are reasons for ...

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