Aztlán Movement

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  • The Aztlán movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s was a cultural nationalist movement of peoples of Mexican descent living in the United States. Self-identifying with the term Chicano rather than Mexican American, Aztlán movement adherents championed the idea that the American Southwest was the ancestral homeland of the Aztec or Mexica people and that such lands belonged ultimately to the Mexican people. Central to this idea was a shift in racial thinking among Mexican Americans. A mestizo people, having both Spanish and indigenous bloodlines, Chicanos identified with their indigenous roots rather than European or Spanish ancestry. The Aztlán movement developed along with this shift in racial identity. Chicano was a slang and sometimes pejorative term used among older-generation Mexican Americans. For young Chicanos, ...

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